Imagine, if you will, that future humans manage to travel to other worlds and find… more humans. According to one University of Cambridge astrobiologist, that scenario may be more likely than you’d think. In a new interview with the BBC ‘s Science Focus magazine , an evolutionary palaeobiologist at the institution’s Department of Earth Sciences named Simon Conway Morris declared that researchers
Exclusive: Prof Sir Andrew Pollard says most of those infected who are fully vaccinated will experience only mild symptoms Opinion: Getting jabs to the unvaccinated never more critical Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Covid-19 is no longer a disease of the vaccinated, the head of the Oxford jab programme has said. The “ongoing horror” of patients gasping for breath in
NASA is about to launch the first mission of its new planetary defense office. A spacecraft will attempt to knock a small asteroid off course by ramming into it. (Image credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins APL/Steve Gribben)
Any long term human presence on Mars — colonization, research, visit and travel — that didn’t confine settlers to airtight compounds would rely on a stable atmosphere that doesn’t lose too many particles or fry human bodies with too much radiation. Now, scientists from a star-studded list of universities and organizations, including NASA’s own chief scientist James Lauer Green, are suggesting tha
T he change started about a year ago. I had just finished cooking my Thanksgiving turkey. I’d picked up smoking meats as a hobby during the first year of the pandemic, but that day, I couldn’t really taste much. Later that night, I wasn’t able to smell anything. Soon I was quarantined in a room in our house. For 11 days my wonderful, patient wife would bring bottles of Pedialyte to my door. I was
Federal health officials have been urging adults with psychiatric conditions to get a booster shot to increase their COVID protection. It turns out being mentally ill puts you at higher risk. (Image credit: Andriy Onufriyenko/Getty Images)
Nationwide, conservative lawmakers have come together to propose and pass bills aimed at nullifying federal vaccine mandates. Public health experts worry exemptions make the workforce vulnerable. (Image credit: Orlin Wagner/AP)
Feel the Love The United Kingdom has confirmed what everybody who ugly cried during “My Octopus Teacher” already knew: Octopuses are sentient — capable, that is, of perceiving things like pain and pleasure. The country is adding an amendment to its Animal Welfare Sentience Bill to recognize creatures such as octopus, crabs, squids, and lobsters along with “all other decapod crustaceans and cephal
Programme to allow those with prestigious global prizes to get fast-track visas dismissed as ‘elitist’ and a ‘joke’ A post-Brexit scheme to draw the world’s most celebrated academics and other leading figures to the UK has failed to attract a single applicant in the six months since it opened, it has been reported. The visa route open to Nobel laureates and other prestigious global prize winners
Ring of hollows has been called the largest prehistoric structure found in Britain, but some were sceptical When a series of deep pits were discovered near the world heritage site of Stonehenge last year, archaeologists excitedly described it as the largest prehistoric structure ever found in Britain – only for some colleagues to dismiss the pits as mere natural features. Now scientific tests hav
Bank Memes Last week JPMorgan sued Tesla , arguing the company owed it $162 million. “We have provided Tesla multiple opportunities to fulfill its contractual obligations, so it is unfortunate that they have forced this issue into litigation,” read a statement issued by the bank. And now, Musk is beefing with the bank — in the most Musk way imaginable. “If JPM doesn’t withdraw their lawsuit, I wi
A new book tells the story of the painstaking process to preserve the 1,200-year-old Faddan More Psalter One summer’s day in Tipperary as peat was being dug from a bog, a button peered out from the freshly cut earth. The find set off a five-year journey of conservation to retrieve and preserve what lay beyond: a 1,200-year-old psalm book in its original cover. Bogs across Europe have thrown up al
Test drive of planetary defence system aims to provide data on how to deflect asteroids away from Earth That’s one large rock, one momentous shift in our relationship with space. On Wednesday, Nasa will launch a mission to deliberately slam a spacecraft into an asteroid to try to alter its orbit – the first time humanity has tried to interfere in the gravitational dance of the solar system. The a
Scientists sceptical about Pascal Soriot’s suggestion Oxford jab may give longer-lasting protection Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Scientists have reacted with scepticism to claims by AstraZeneca’s CEO that low uptake of the Oxford/AstraZeneca jab among elderly Europeans could explain the current surge in Covid-19 infections in mainland Europe. Pascal Soriot told BB
Are we alone in the universe? It comes down to whether intelligence is a probable outcome of natural selection, or an improbable fluke . By definition, probable events occur frequently, improbable events occur rarely—or once. Our evolutionary history shows that many key adaptations—not just intelligence, but complex animals, complex cells, photosynthesis, and life itself—were unique, one-off even
A University of Alaska Fairbanks scientist has discovered a method for detecting and better defining meteorite impact sites that have long lost their telltale craters. The discovery could further the study of not only Earth's geology but also that of other bodies in our solar system.
Just about everyone knows that exercise is good for you. Some people can even rattle off reasons it keeps your muscles and joints strong, and how it fights off certain diseases. But how many people can tell you the story of why and how physical activity was built into human biology?
An international team of astronomers reports the detection of a black hole in a globular cluster known as NGC 1850. The newly found black hole is about 11 times more massive than the sun and turns out to be a part of a binary system. The finding was detailed in a paper published November 12 on arXiv.org.
After studying the effectiveness of varying layers of masks in stopping respiratory droplets from escaping face masks, a team of international researchers has now turned their attention to modeling what happens to droplets when they come in contact with wet masks. Their results show that damp masks are still effective at stopping these droplets from escaping the mask and being atomized into smalle
Scientists recently added a whopping 301 newly validated exoplanets to the total exoplanet tally. The throng of planets is the latest to join the 4,569 already validated planets orbiting a multitude of distant stars. How did scientists discover such a huge number of planets, seemingly all at once? The answer lies with a new deep neural network called ExoMiner.
Researchers from the University of Cambridge have used a suite of correlative, multimodal microscopy methods to visualize, for the first time, why perovskite materials are seemingly so tolerant of defects in their structure. Their findings were published today in Nature Nanotechnology.
Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are bright pulses of emission at radio wavelengths (seen mostly at wavelengths of tens of centimeters) whose physical mechanism(s) are mysterious. The bursts last between hundredths of a millisecond to a few milliseconds, and none of them has been associated with a specific source, even though thousands of FRBs have been detected since the first one was spotted fourteen ye
Quantum dots, discovered in the 1990s, have a wide range of applications and are perhaps best known for producing vivid colors in some high-end televisions. But for some potential uses, such as tracking biochemical pathways of a drug as it interacts with living cells, progress has been hampered by one seemingly uncontrollable characteristic: a tendency to blink off at random intervals. That doesn'
In the strange, dark world of the ocean floor, underwater fissures, called hydrothermal vents, host complex communities of life. These vents belch scorching hot fluids into extremely cold seawater, creating the chemical forces necessary for the small organisms that inhabit this extreme environment to live.
A new study has shown that the airborne transmission of COVID-19 is highly random and suggests that the two-meter rule was a number chosen from a risk 'continuum', rather than any concrete measurement of safety.
Scientists have discovered a new process to break bulk metal into atoms to produce heterogeneous catalysts without any chemical waste, which will lead to new sustainable ways of making and using molecules in the most atom-efficient way.
By disrupting normal societal activities, such as driving, COVID-19 lockdowns afforded a unique opportunity to study their impacts on the environment. Researchers now report in ACS' Environmental Science & Technology Letters that satellite data from before and during the spring 2020 lockdown in Los Angeles shows that vehicles, rather than agriculture, are the main source of urban airborne ammonia
A new study from The Australian National University (ANU) has revealed the death rate of babies in ancient societies is not a reflection of poor healthcare, disease and other factors, but instead is an indication of the number of babies born in that era.
The launch of the James Webb Space Telescope, which astronomers hope will herald a new era of discovery, has been delayed until December 22 after an accident at its launch facility in French Guiana, NASA said Monday.
Many studies in psychology have shown that people judge how trustworthy a person is on the basis of their first impression of the other person's facial features. Whether there actually are differences between men and women in this respect has now been investigated by the researchers Dr. Johanna Brustkern, Prof. Dr. Markus Heinrichs and Dr. Bastian Schiller from the Department of Psychology at the
A pair of researchers at the University of California, Davis has found that the neonicotinoid pesticide imidacloprid can reduce fertility rates in the blue orchard bee. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes testing the response of the valuable pollinator to the presence of imidacloprid.
Researchers and sleep experts are ringing alarm bells about a nascent marketing tactic: injecting advertisements into your dreams. A trio of researchers at Harvard, MIT and the University of Montreal published an essay on dream hacking in Aeon warning that, according to a recent survey, 77 percent of marketers plan to use dreamtech advertising in the next three years. “Multiple marketing studies
Every effective American teacher seeks the trust of society, of parents, and of the young people they teach. Public education as a whole depends on these bonds of trust. Our divisive politics regarding how to teach children about slavery, race, and other difficult subjects in school has broken that trust. Anyone who has ever taught for one day knows that trust must be earned. Facing a classroom f
Experts’ warning as Covid crackdowns across Europe result in widespread protests Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Proposals to impose vaccine passports and other restrictions on the movements of unvaccinated people in the UK should be treated with caution, scientists warned last week. Such plans would not lead to rapid reductions in Covid-19 case numbers and could tri
Asteroid Slam NASA is launching a spacecraft destined to slam into an asteroid as part of its Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission tonight, from the Vandenberg Space Force Base in California. Its purpose: to test whether we’re capable of deflecting a killer asteroid before it strikes Earth. But before it meets its final destination, NASA is using the spacecraft to test out brand new io
Researchers found chores could help prevent disease and falls, though other experts have urged caution Household chores might seem a drag, but researchers have suggested tasks like dusting, scrubbing floors and washing the windows might help adults to stay healthy into old age. Writing in the journal BMJ Open, a Singapore-based team of researchers said regular physical activity “improves physical
Potty Humor In an extremely shocking turn of events, Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk has claimed that he posts “at least” half of his tweets from the toilet. “At least 50% of my tweets were made on a porcelain throne,” Musk tweeted Sunday night , presumably from the toilet. “It gives me solace,” he added . On a basic level, this isn’t that shocking, because really, who among us can claim they don’
Thomas Gehrmann remembers the deluge of mathematical expressions that came cascading down his computer screen one day 20 years ago. He was trying to calculate the odds that three jets of elementary particles would erupt from two particles smashing together. It was the type of bread-and-butter calculation physicists often do to check whether their theories match the results of experiments. Source
If you thought polarization was bad during the last two elections, get ready for the next iteration of Facebook and Mark Zuckerberg’s power over reality. Experts tell Business Insider that the company’s Metaverse could allow people to “reality block” stuff they don’t like, even hiding entire unwelcome topics from users’ vision. “Folks should be worried,” AR entrepreneur Shawn Frayne told Insider
Watching Saturday Night Live has always been an uneven experience—there are duds and gems, silliness and darker satire, and often stark shifts in tone from one sketch to the next. But given the anxious state of the world today, watching the show has started to feel uncannily like doomscrolling through a social-media feed. The news the show is riffing on has been unrelentingly bleak for years, and
Opportunities for business, health and the environment offered by superfast processors are huge – and so are the hurdles The technology behind everyday computers such as smartphones and laptops has revolutionised modern life, to the extent that our day-to-day lives are unimaginable without it. But an alternative method of computing is advancing rapidly, and Boris Johnson is among the people who h
S ocial media gets blamed for many of America’s ills, including the polarization of our politics and the erosion of truth itself. But proving that harms have occurred to all of society is hard. Far easier to show is the damage to a specific class of people: adolescent girls, whose rates of depression, anxiety, and self-injury surged in the early 2010s, as social-media platforms proliferated and e
One of the things that astronauts need to contend with when we colonize Mars is isolation. After all, they’ll be alone with just their fellow crew members for months or even years at a time. Plus, it could get even get worse if a “The Martian” situation occurs and someone ends up totally alone on the Red Planet. Unfortunately, a recent long term isolation experiment on a simulated Mars base found
Unplanned Release After decades of delays and billions of dollar spent, NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope is encountering even more hiccups ahead of its launch — and this time, it appears to be plain old human error. This time, technicians encountered a heart-stopping “incident” while mounting the structure to the Ariane 5 rocket’s launch vehicle adapter. “A sudden, unplanned release of a clamp b
Less than a year ago, America was led by a man who governed to please the Fox News host Tucker Carlson and toyed with the idea of imposing martial law . After Donald Trump, you’d think the American people would just enjoy having a normal president who doesn’t use his Twitter account to threaten neighboring countries or corporations . But they don’t. Take one look at national polling numbers and y
Bitcoin City El Salvador’s president Nayib Bukele has announced plans to build the world’s first fully crypto-backed “Bitcoin City.” Bukele made the announcement over the weekend as part of a cringe-inducing live show featuring bright concert-style lighting — and even tacky CGI UFOs , for some reason. He says Bitcoin City will be income, property, and capital gains tax free, and be funded by El S
No one broke Adele’s heart this time. Until now, her music has centered on the brutality of romantic rejection—the way it can throw a human soul against a wall, snapping bones that never heal right, instilling a kind of existential PTSD. Yet, though her new album is about “ divorce, babe, divorce ,” betrayal, cruelty, and nasty rumors are for once not part of the story. According to Adele’s inter
Chief Email Officer According to an email sent to all staff at Tesla in early October and obtained by CNBC , CEO Elon Musk warned that any manager who doesn’t execute his directions, state why they believe he is wrong, or request further clarification, will be “asked to resign immediately.” It’s a decisive tone that shouldn’t come as too much of a shock — Musk is the CEO, after all. And, to be fa
Cryptocurrencies have taken the financial world by storm this year. Practically everybody is talking about digital tokens. But is it really goodbye US dollar? Not so fast. When your uncle asks if he should invest in some Bitcoin — or Floki , for that matter — you should have some answers ready. So without further ado, here’s your one-stop shop if you want to sound like you know what you’re talkin
Illustrations by Cristiana Couceiro W hat forces hold a liberal democracy together? What forces can tear a liberal democracy apart? These were some of the questions on my mind as I listened earlier this year to the French education minister, Jean-Michel Blanquer, defend a proposal that had been placed before the nation. The setting was grand: the French Senate, a chamber as elegant as an opera ho
If Donald Trump tries to run for president again, one of his former campaign advisers has a plan to dissuade him. Anticipating that Trump may not know who Adlai Stevenson was or that he lost two straight presidential elections in the 1950s, this ex-adviser figures he or someone else might need to explain the man’s unhappy fate. They’ll remind Trump that if he were beaten in 2024, he would join St
The Delta variant was first detected a year ago and is now dominant across the globe. Scientists are concerned that a new strain could supersede it Every week, a group of epidemiologists across the north-east of the United States joins a Zoom call entirely devoted to discussing the latest hints of new Covid-19 variants being reported around the world. “It’s like the weather report,” says William
D uring the predeparture orientation at the crumbling three-star hotel by the sea—with its white portico and its lobbies smelling like a Native Jetty swamp—the exchange student is warned about a number of things. Ex-exchange students—by now so Americanized, you would think they had spent their entire lives in the U.S.—regale him with anecdotes both funny and scary: host fathers casually dropping
W hen Matthew Bogdanos got a tip about a looted mummy coffin whose corpse had been dumped in the Nile, he approached the coffin’s buyer—the Metropolitan Museum of Art—with few of the courtesies traditionally accorded New York’s premier cultural institution. Bogdanos, a 64-year-old prosecutor in the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office, is chief of its Antiquities Trafficking Unit. The only one of
I n the recent governor’s race in Virginia, Glenn Youngkin scored a huge upset win days after promising to ban critical race theory from Virginia schools. Youngkin is hardly the only Republican calling for school bans. In Texas, Representative Matt Krause sent a letter to school administrators about books in their district. Did they have Ta-Nehisi Coates on their shelves? Isabel Wilkerson’s Caste
Kim Gillingham explains how her work on The Power of the Dog enabled the ‘lioness of an artist’ and her ‘translucent’ star to access their inmost drives To access his dreams the surrealist artist Salvador Dalí napped while sitting on a chair, holding keys over an upturned metal plate. After he lost consciousness, the keys dropped onto the plate, jangling him awake so he could paint fresh from his
Rough Necks NASA invited movie star Bruce Willis to the launch of a spacecraft that’s gonna smash into an asteroid to see if we could deflect a killer space rock — that’s the plot to Willis’s 1998 “Armageddon,” for those keeping score — but he apparently had better things to do. As The Washington Post ‘s Christian Davenport tweeted , NASA Administrator Bill Nelson admitted that Willis isn’t atten
Separation Anxiety Things are shaking up at SpaceX — and it’s not just another Starship explosion . Three of the aerospace company’s top executives have left their roles in the past two weeks, CNBC reports . They include VP of propulsion Will Heltsley, VP of mission and launch operations Lee Rosen, and senior director of mission and launch operations Ricky Lim. What that all means for the spacefl
Machine Gun Tesla It’s exactly what coffee culture needed — a YouTube studio for gun nuts partnering with coffee roaster Black Rifle Coffee to mount dual machine guns to the inside of a Tesla Model X. Hey, at least, it makes for a clickworthy thumbnail. The Model X got the militaristic makeover courtesy of FullMag Studios, a Tennessee-based video producer. The car features a full-service espresso
With the news of Mark Zuckerberg’s new pet project to create a fully-digital world, the metaverse is a topic that’s getting more buzz than ever. Naturally, your mom or dad might have a few questions about it when it comes time for Thanksgiving. Heck, you might have a few of the same questions yourself. Well, have no fear: We’ve created a handy guide with all the essential talking points you need
Updated at 12:44 p.m. ET on November, 23 2021 In a world with perfect coronavirus tests, people could swab their nose or spit in a tube and get near-instant answers about their SARS-CoV-2 status. The products would be free, fast, and completely reliable. Positives would immediately shuttle people out of public spaces and, if needed, into treatment ; negatives could green-light entry into every st
The Cumbre Vieja volcano has now been erupting for more than two months, continuing to generate lava flows and earthquakes on the Spanish island of La Palma. It has also been spewing millions of cubic meters of volcanic ash into the air, and as the ash falls, it blankets the nearby landscape. The ash can fall like hail or drift like dust, and it piles up and drifts in the wind, covering houses, f
As you get older, your eyes worsen and become susceptible to a disease called age-related macular degeneration — the leading cause of blindness, with no cure in sight. Sharing the science of how your vision works, researcher Joshua Chu-Tan offers breakthrough insights on a lesser-known RNA that could change the treatment for this disease, preserving the gift of sight for longer and improving the
The science is clear: fossil fuels are harmful to the environment. So why is it so difficult for us to stop using them? Economic reasons are at least part of the answer. From our energy grid to the manufacturing of certain textiles and other products, many parts of our society are built to use fossil fuels. Transitioning away will come at some cost.
Analysis: issues with some gadgets could contribute to poorer outcomes for women and people of colour The UK health secretary, Sajid Javid, has announced a review into systemic racism and gender bias in medical devices in response to concerns it could contribute to poorer outcomes for women and people of colour. Writing in the Sunday Times , Javid said: “It is easy to look at a machine and assume
Photographs by Julien James This past Saturday, after a one-year hiatus because of the coronavirus pandemic, more than 50,000 spectators filled the Camping World football stadium in Orlando to watch the Florida Classic—the 76th face-off between Florida A&M University and Bethune-Cookman University. The storied rivalry between two of America’s premier historically Black universities is a part of t
In House of Gucci , opulence is not always alluring. But Ridley Scott’s new movie takes its time before delving into the insidious, gilded world of the Italian luxury label. The film, which charts the turbulent marriage of the fashion heir Maurizio Gucci (played by Adam Driver) to the ambitious Patrizia Reggiani (Lady Gaga), instead opens with the pair’s gentle romance. He’s a law student who wan
Artificial neural networks are famously inspired by their biological counterparts. Yet compared to human brains, these algorithms are highly simplified, even “cartoonish.” Can they teach us anything about how the brain works? For a panel at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting this month, the answer is yes. Deep learning wasn’t meant to model the brain. In fact, it contains elements that a
The story has been updated to include the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ denial that it was in the process of purchasing NSO Group tools. In July, accusations emerged that spyware from NSO Group had targeted French president Emmanuel Macron, causing a major controversy. The company denied the claims—part of a string of allegations about use of the Israeli hacking group’s Pegasus software . I
T he woman in the video is about the same age as my mother. She is speaking at a school-board meeting in Virginia as a concerned parent. “I’ve been very alarmed by what’s going on in our schools,” she reads from prepared notes. “You are now teaching, training our children to be social-justice warriors and to loathe our country and our history.” Her voice is soft but stern. She recounts her youth
E lection Night almost killed Latinx . As results started trickling in, media figures and political strategists struggled to process what they were seeing in Florida and Texas. The “blue wave” that polls had suggested would punish Republicans was instead showing a dramatic shift in Latino-voter support toward the GOP. What could explain this? Democrats’ embrace of “wokeness” and, in this case, us
In 1993, a SWAT team equipped with night-vision goggles and assault rifles surrounded Mel Gibson’s mansion under the cover of darkness. They burst into the home, eventually finding the movie star wearing a bathrobe in his kitchen. Gibson put his hands up and the agents cuffed him immediately, over protestations that he had done nothing wrong, and certainly nothing dangerous. His crime? The posses
It's a tempting thought: With climate change so difficult to manage and nations unwilling to take decisive action, what if we could mitigate its effects by setting up a kind of chemical umbrella—a layer of sulfuric acid in the upper atmosphere that could reflect the sun's radiation and cool the Earth?
If you brush against the wings of a butterfly, you will likely come away with a fine sprinkling of powder. This lepidopteran dust is made up of tiny microscopic scales, hundreds of thousands of which paper a butterfly's wings like shingles on a wafer-thin roof. The structure and arrangement of these scales give a butterfly its color and shimmer, and help shield the insect from the elements.
Children as young as age 6 develop ideas that girls are less interested than boys in computer science and engineering—stereotypes that can extend into the late teens and contribute to a gender gap in STEM college courses and related careers.
Hackers around the globe are smart: they know that it isn’t just good code that helps them break into systems; it’s also about understanding—and preying upon—human behavior. The threat to businesses in the form of cyberattacks is only growing—especially as companies make the shift to embrace hybrid work. But John Scimone, senior vice president and chief security officer at Dell Technologies, says
Scientists from the University of Newcastle, Australian Museum, South Australian Museum, and Queensland National Parks and Wildlife have found and described two new, very loud frog species from eastern Australia: the Slender Bleating Tree Frog, Litoria balatus, and Screaming Tree Frog, Litoria quiritatus.
Our galaxy is not alone. Swirling around the Milky Way are several smaller, dwarf galaxies—the biggest of which are the Small and Large Magellanic Clouds, visible in the night sky of the Southern Hemisphere.
Progress in quantum computing is no longer just about how big your chip is. But IBM has taken a major leap forward with the release of a 127-qubit processor. Milestones in quantum computing are getting increasingly difficult to asses as the variety of technologies and the yardsticks used to judge them proliferate. While both IBM and Google build their devices out of superconducting qubits, differ
Since the discovery of quasicrystals (QCs), solids that mimic crystals in their long-range order but lack periodicity, scientists have sought physical properties related to their peculiar structure. Now, an international group of researchers led by Tokyo University of Science, have reported a long-range magnetic order in QCs with icosahedral symmetry that turns ferromagnetism below certain tempera
Tiny amounts of heat can be used to control the movement of magnetic whirlpools called skyrmions, RIKEN physicists have shown. This ability could help to develop energy-efficient forms of computing that harness waste heat.
Terraforming Mars is one of the great dreams of humanity. Mars has a lot going for it. Its day is about the same length as Earth's, it has plenty of frozen water just under its surface, and it likely could be given a reasonably breathable atmosphere in time. But one of the things it lacks is a strong magnetic field. So if we want to make Mars a second Earth, we'll have to give it an artificial one
Jason Fulford and Tamara Shopsin O f all the things I’ve purchased during the pandemic, the most useful has been a box cutter. Until last summer, I had put off buying one for more than 15 years, through no fewer than nine apartment moves’ worth of unpacking with dull scissors and countless struggles against shipping boxes bound by tape reinforced with tiny threads. This knife entered my life as a
Antivaxxers frequently make the false claim that mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines "permanently alter your DNA". These claims are really a concern about "impurifying" their "purity of essence" and have now gone into some truly disturbing territory, such as antivaxxers calling themselves "purebloods". The post first appeared on Science-Based Medicine .
This article contains spoilers through the sixth episode of Succession Season 3. The marriage between Shiv Roy and Tom Wambsgans is, at this point, built on mutual ambition and cold white wine, and the wine at least has turned poisonously sour. On tonight’s episode of Succession , “What It Takes,” as the Roys travel to Virginia to anoint a new Republican presidential candidate at a power brokers’
Glennon Doyle’s memoir inspired Adele – but do we all need to be ‘untamed’? The marriage wasn’t unbearable, but it didn’t feel right any more. The lightbulb moment came when she realised she needed to think about what she truly wanted, rather than about what society had trained her to think she wanted. Also, she became aware that remaining in an unhappy marriage meant she wasn’t being the parent s
Predictions from Lowy Institute indicate Papua New Guinea will take five years to vaccinate just a third of its population See all our coronavirus coverage Some Pacific countries will have less than a quarter of adults vaccinated by the end of the year, with predictions that Papua New Guinea will take five years to vaccinate just one-third of its population, undermining economic recovery and thre
Why does the sternest of British matriarchs turn to puree when confronted with her children’s young, wonders a rookie parent On Thursday morning I sent my mother a WhatsApp message. “Entertaining discussion on Radio 4 about how it’s better being a grandmother than a mother,” I wrote. She didn’t reply. It is not easy being a son. On the Today programme, Amol Rajan and Sheila Hancock had been discu
Like seatbelts, vaccines lower risk and two studies reveal the protection that a third jab offers Last week, the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) reported encouraging research on booster doses. That analysis estimated that, compared with the preceding waned protection, the booster reduced the risks of symptomatic Covid-19 disease in people over 50 by around 85%. Compared with not being vaccinated
In recent years, many physicists worldwide have been investigating the behavior of hybrid nanostructures. These are systems that are typically made up of two or more materials. Special attention in this class of structures is paid to magnetic impurities interacting with superconducting and normal metallic contacts.
Manuscript handwritten by physicist and a colleague in 1913-14 fetched nearly four times estimate Albert Einstein’s handwritten notes on the theory of relativity fetched a record €11.6m (£9.7m) at an auction in Paris on Tuesday. The manuscript had been valued at about a quarter of the final sum, which is by far the highest ever paid for anything written by the genius scientist. Continue reading..
A mystery of mathematics that has remained unsolved for more than 150 years can be unraveled thanks to a completely unexpected approach coming from statistical physics. This is the important conclusion of Giuseppe Mussardo, professor of Theoretical Physics at SISSA, and Andrè Leclair of Cornell University reported in an article just published in the Journal of Statistical Mechanics (JSTAT). The tw
The safe, repetitive domesticity of lockdown made me face my demons and seek therapy, while also making me hungry for sensation and risk. So I set off for a retreat in Amsterdam If you had asked me pre-pandemic if I would ever touch psychedelics, I would have said absolutely not. The speed of my brain is literally my only skill. As a standup comedian and podcaster, I can walk out on stage with ab
Many people think that mathematics is a human invention. To this way of thinking, mathematics is like a language: it may describe real things in the world, but it doesn't "exist" outside the minds of the people who use it.
UCLA astronomers have identified 366 new exoplanets, thanks in large part to an algorithm developed by a UCLA postdoctoral scholar. Among their most noteworthy findings is a planetary system that comprises a star and at least two gas giant planets, each roughly the size of Saturn and located unusually close to one another.
After failing to purchase a copy of the US Constitution, a community of crypto enthusiasts are now what experts might describe as “ Big Mad .” It all began when the group, known as ConstitutionDAO, set out to purchase a copy of the founding document in an auction held by British fine arts brokers Sotheby’s, Vice reported . It was your classic meme investment , inspired by the classic Nic Cage act
Parade Rainer Macy’s announced ahead of this year’s Turkey Day that it’s releasing digital reproductions of some of its iconic Thanksgiving Parade floats as non-fungible tokens (NFTs) in the name of charity — and, we presume, because nothing matters anymore . First reported by Business Insider , this logical endpoint of all things crapitalism is being split up into three categories — “classic, ra
How positively and negatively charged ions behave at the interface between a solid surface and an aqueous solution has been investigated by researchers from the Cluster of Excellence RESOLV at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum, its sister research network CALSOLV in Berkeley, and the University of Evry in Paris. At the SOLEIL synchrotron, they were able to use terahertz spectroscopy to observe exactly w
Gabriela Pesqueira / The Atlantic At first, birthdays were reserved for kings and saints. But it’s rainbow sprinkles and face painting for everybody these days. The best way to avoid having your birthday ruined is to avoid having any expectations for your birthday. Without the delineation of years, time would become an expanse of open water. Horizonless, shark-filled. One of my biggest fears. A r
An FDA-approved drug for hepatitis C can increase bacterial sensitivity to antibiotics and reduce the likelihood of antibiotic resistance, according to a new study led by New York University researchers published in Cell Chemical Biology. The drug called telaprevir works by blocking the function of chaperones—important proteins that fold other proteins in the cell—in bacteria.
Copper in small quantities is an essential nutrient but can also be toxic. Human immune cells use copper to fight invading pathogens. Some microorganisms, in turn, have evolved ways to take up copper and incorporate it into biological molecules, either as a way to absorb copper for nutrition or to neutralize its toxic effects.
Threading together sequences showing the lunar face of subjects from love to madness, this is a gorgeous journey into outer and inner space It only takes eight minutes of To the Moon before we hear the ripples of Debussy’s Clair de Lune , over a gorgeous vintage montage of embracing lovers. It’s the equivalent of Pomp and Circumstance at the Proms for Tadhg O’Sullivan’s beautifully succinct visua
A white dwarf star that completes a full rotation once every 25 seconds is the fastest spinning confirmed white dwarf, according to a team of astronomers from the Universities of Sheffield and Warwick.
Listen and subscribe: Apple Podcasts | Spotify | Stitcher | Googl e | Pocket Casts In adulthood, many of us are forced to recalibrate our relationship with joy. As responsibilities multiply exponentially, time grows limited, and challenges mount, it becomes harder to make time for fun, let alone remember what it feels like. As we explore the key components of happiness—pleasure, joy, and satisfac
The separate, previously unknown, missile release reportedly took place while the vehicle was soaring at hypersonic speeds China’s launch of a nuclear-capable missile carrying a hypersonic glide vehicle also included the unprecedented launch of a separate missile from that vehicle, according to multiple reports. The test showed China’s development of its strategic, nuclear-capable weapons as more
The hunt for planets beyond our solar system has turned up more than 4,000 far-flung worlds, orbiting stars thousands of light years from Earth. These extrasolar planets are a veritable menagerie, from rocky super-Earths and miniature Neptunes to colossal gas giants.
It's been 70 years since physicist Enrico Fermi asked his famous question: "Where is everybody?" And yet, the tyranny of the Fermi Paradox is still with us and will continue to be until definitive evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence (ETI) is found. In the meantime, scientists are forced to speculate as to why we haven't found any yet and, more importantly, what we should be looking for. By f
Several nations in the Asia-Pacific region, richer and poorer, had slow starts to their immunization campaigns but have since zoomed past the United States and many nations in Europe. (Image credit: Heng Sinith/AP)
Scientific journals are expected to consider research manuscripts dispassionately and without favor. But in a study publishing on November 23rd in the open access journal PLOS Biology, Alexandre Scanff, Florian Naudet and Clara Locher from the University of Rennes, and colleagues, reveal that a subset of journals may be exercising considerable bias and favoritism.
Matthew Heineman’s powerful documentary captures the most acute weeks of the crisis as a Long Island hospital struggles to cope Shot inside a New York hospital at the start of the pandemic, this documentary is an overwhelming emotional watch. In March last year, City of Ghosts director Matthew Heineman started filming on the wards of the Long Island Jewish Medical Center ; he stayed for four mont
No one remembers when you're right, but no one forgets when you're wrong. Your local weather person knows that saying all too well. But while they take a lot of the heat (get it?), how much of it is actually justified? In this episode, Mona Chalabi looks at weather forecasting data to see how accurate these predictions really are, and gives us tips for when we should–and shouldn't–trust the fore
How much and how long a severely burned Pacific Northwest mountain landscape stays blanketed in winter snow is a key factor in the return of vegetation, research by Oregon State University and the University of Nevada, Reno shows.
Analysis shows job adverts requiring candidates to be jabbed rose by 189% between August and October Employers in the UK are following the lead of their counterparts in the US by stepping up demands for staff to be vaccinated against Covid-19, analysis of recruitment adverts reveals. According to figures from the jobs website Adzuna, the number of ads explicitly requiring candidates to be vaccina
This may sound harsh, but Clint Barton, a.k.a. Hawkeye, was never the most exciting Avenger in the Marvel films. Next to near-invincible heroes such as Thor, Captain America, and the Hulk, he just looked ill-equipped, wielding a bow and arrow against monstrous aliens and killer robots. One of the original six protagonists in 2012’s Avengers , the master archer (played by Jeremy Renner) gradually
The perception of gender in children's voices is of special interest to researchers, because voices of young boys and girls are very similar before the age of puberty. Adult male and female voices are often quite different acoustically, making gender identification fairly easy.
Artificial intelligence technology is now used by a growing number of companies looking to hire the best employees, but new research from Rice University warns how it can incorporate biases and overlook important characteristics among job applicants.
Over the past several decades, researchers have moved from using electric currents to manipulating light waves in the near-infrared range for telecommunications applications such as high-speed 5G networks, biosensors on a chip, and driverless cars. This research area, known as integrated photonics, is fast evolving and investigators are now exploring the shorter—visible—wavelength range to develop
Seismic data collected in Elysium Planitia, the second largest volcanic region on Mars, suggest the presence of a shallow sedimentary layer sandwiched between lava flows beneath the planet's surface. These findings were gained in the framework of NASA's InSight mission (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport), in which several international research partners,
The brightest star in the constellation Gemini, the twins, is named after the son of Leda and Zeus On the evening of 23 November, the moon will have a close encounter with the star Pollux, the brightest star in the constellation Gemini, the twins. Pollux marks the head of one twin. The other twin is marked by the star Castor. Although Pollux is the brighter star, it was Castor that was given the
Alberta’s tar sands — also called oil sands — have helped make Canada the world’s fourth-largest oil producer, with significant economic benefits. But the ecological impacts are so vast and so deep that the local Indigenous people say the industry has challenged their very existence.
The ancient arts of origami, the art of paper-folding, and kirigami, the art of paper-cutting, have gained popularity in recent years among researchers building mechanical metamaterials. Folding and cutting 2D thin-film materials transforms them into complex 3D structures and shapes with unique and programmable mechanical properties.
Coral reefs are among the most species-rich ecosystems on the planet. Octocorals, which include soft corals, gorgonians, and sea pens, are important members of these marine communities. They could even outcompete reef-building stony corals in the future, as they are better able to deal with heat stress and increasing ocean acidification, which makes them less sensitive to the consequences of globa
Rice University engineers have achieved a new benchmark in the design of atomically thin solar cells made of semiconducting perovskites, boosting their efficiency while retaining their ability to stand up to the environment.
An elegant ballet of proteins enables modern cells to replicate themselves. During cell division, structural proteins and enzymes coordinate the duplication of DNA, the division of a cell’s cytoplasmic contents, and the cinching of the membrane that cleaves the cell. Getting these processes right is crucial because errors can lead to daughter cells that are abnormal or unviable. Source
Cells can produce unique electrical signals. These signals can be linked to various cancers, such as the breast, lung, liver, brain, pancreas and prostate cancers, meaning that they can be used as indicators for early cancer diagnosis. Thus, using electrical signals as indicators and targets for cancer treatments could potentially improve the outcome for cancer patients. A team of researchers from
Based on the identification of plant remains, Tel Aviv University and Tel-Hai College researchers provide the first detailed reconstruction of the climate in the Land of Israel at the end of the last ice age (20,000-10,000 years before present). The researchers claim that significant climate changes characterizing the period, manifested by sharp differences in temperature and precipitation not onl
An exhausted star still has some punches to deliver. Astronomers have found that a white dwarf is pummeling a companion object—either a lightweight star or a planet—with incessant blasts of heat and radiation plus a relentless gravitational pull tearing it apart.
In the early weeks of their lives and even before birth, babies are skilfully processing important information about the sounds they hear. They are attuning to tones, patterns of language and distinguishing their own familiar adults' voices. Making sense of sounds, patterns, words and sentences are important skills that will help a child as they progress towards reading.
A putative brain surgeon with a penchant for fabricating his affiliations and co-authors — including Wolf Blitzer of CNN — has lost several more papers to retraction. As we reported in August, Michael George Zaki Ghali, or someone using that name: bought two fake web domains for the Karolinska Institutet [KI] to make it look … Continue reading
One of the environmental legacies of COVID-19 may well be vast amounts of plastic pollution. Since the beginning of the pandemic, scientists have warned of the long-term threat of littering face masks and other PPE into the environment.
The Prawn Nebula is a massive stellar nursery located in the constellation Scorpius, about 6,000 light years from Earth. Though the nebula stretches 250 light-years and covers a space four times the size of the full moon, it emits light primarily in wavelengths the human eye cannot detect, making it extremely faint to earthbound viewers. Hubble's gaze, however, shows a small section of the nebula
Albatrosses do not fall in love the way humans do. When the birds couple up, it’s almost always for keeps. Their lives start lonely—albatross parents lay only one egg at a time, and may leave their offspring unattended for days—and at just a few months old, each juvenile embarks on an epic solo voyage at sea. They fly for months and months and months, learning what it is to be a bird. “It can be
Billionaires are extremely keen on getting into space — and taking other billionaires’ money in exchange for a seat. Here’s how to talk to your family about it. As You Pass the Mashed Potatoes As of right now, a handful of companies are starting to sell tickets on board their spacecraft to “space,” with the hopes of establishing an entirely new industry. But everything from the environmental impa
Speech sounds elicit comparable neural responses and stimulate the same region in the brain of humans, macaques and guinea pigs, researchers report. The finding could help pave the way for better understanding and diagnosis of auditory processing deficits.
'Plague sceptics' are wrong to underestimate the devastating impact that bubonic plague had in the 6th to 8th centuries CE, argues a new study based on ancient texts and recent genetic discoveries. The same study suggests that bubonic plague may have reached England before its first recorded case in the Mediterranean via a currently unknown route, possibly involving the Baltic and Scandinavia.
Previous research has found that chemotherapy can trigger muscle loss in people living with cancer, but a new study out of found it may also affect the way the body builds new muscle — and at lower doses than previously known, having potential implications for treatments and rehab programs.
Researchers have conducted an empirical field study and concluded that single urban trees, such as street trees, function differently than trees grown in clusters featuring significantly greater transpiration rates. This result offers a new understanding of how to manage the landscape in urban settings to reduce the harmful effects of stormwater runoff.
Scientists have used glowing chemicals and other techniques to create a 3D map of the blood vessels and self-renewing 'stem' cells that line and penetrate a mouse skull. The map provides precise locations of blood vessels and stem cells that scientists could eventually use to repair wounds and generate new bone and tissue in the skull.
Researchers have new evidence that could help rapidly boost efforts to scale-up the adoption of clean cooking with liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in sub-Saharan Africa. The new study suggests that supply-side interventions such as shortening the distance to LPG retail points and improving access to multi-burner LPG stoves could help increase the consumption of the clean cooking fuels, for the benef
Safe, cheap and sustainable technology for energy storage has been developed. It is based on two major breakthroughs: the manufacture of wood-based electrodes in rolled form, and a new type of water-based electrolyte.
Immune checkpoint inhibitors strengthen the immune response against cancer cells, but the medications are ineffective against certain tumors. Results from a new clinical trial indicate that adding radiation may overcome this resistance to immune checkpoint inhibitors.
There’s no better time to stock up on chargers and power banks for your smartphone, laptop, or tablet. Anker, one of the best-known names in wireless technology, has some great deals during its Black Friday sale , now through November 28. Save up to 35 percent on chargers, hubs, power cables, generators, and more. Here’s a rundown of some of the best deals: Anker PowerPort Atom III Slim (Four Por
The Flame Nebula or NGC 2024 is a large star-forming region in the constellation Orion that lies about 1,400 light-years from Earth. Hubble studied this nebula to look for protoplanetary disks, or "proplyds"—disks of gas and dust around stars that may one day form new solar systems.
When a person experiences a trauma that leads to significant bleeding, the first few minutes are critical. It's important that they receive intravenous medication quickly to control the bleeding, but delivering the medication at the right rate can prove challenging. Slower infusions can cause fewer negative reactions, but the medication might not work fast enough, particularly in the case of a ser
Floods, droughts, heat waves and cold blasts — why is the weather becoming more extreme? Environmentalist and "America's weatherman" Al Roker discusses the link between climate change and disruptions to weather patterns worldwide, followed by a conversation between Nobel laureate Al Gore and TED science curator David Biello about the science of extreme weather and emerging solutions to reduce the
Investing in green energy, holding large corporations accountable for their pollution, stopping pipeline and oil extraction initiatives — these are non-negotiable actions to protect the planet, but they are still just the bare minimum, say climate activists Xiye Bastida and Shiv Soin. In conversation with radio researcher Latif Nasser, Bastida and Soin share their list of six crucial climate dema
Sixty years after her father's historic flight, she too will cross the final frontier: Laura Shepard Churchley, daughter of the first American in space Alan Shepard, will be one of six passengers on Blue Origin's next flight.
NASA has been working on the James Webb Space Telescope for 20 years, and there have been numerous delays. The marvel of astronomical technology is currently preparing for launch, but NASA says we’ll have to wait just a bit longer . Following a minor “incident,” NASA has pushed the launch of Webb back by four days. That will give the team time to check for damage one last time before launch. The
The development of inherently safe energy devices is a key challenge, and aqueous Li-ion batteries draw large attention for this purpose. Due to the narrow electrochemical stable potential window of aqueous electrolytes, the energy density and the selection of negative electrode materials are significantly limited. For achieving durable and high-energy…
The mapping from protein sequence to function is highly complex, making it challenging to predict how sequence changes will affect a protein’s behavior and properties. We present a supervised deep learning framework to learn the sequence–function mapping from deep mutational scanning data and make predictions for new, uncharacterized sequence variants….
Cytokinin (CK) in plants regulates both developmental processes and adaptation to environmental stresses. Arabidopsis histidine phosphotransfer ahp2,3,5 and type-B Arabidopsis response regulator arr1,10,12 triple mutants are almost completely defective in CK signaling, and the ahp2,3,5 mutant was reported to be salt tolerant. Here, we demonstrate that the arr1,10,12 mutant is…
Common fragile sites (CFSs) are difficult-to-replicate genomic regions that form gaps and breaks on metaphase chromosomes under replication stress. They are hotspots for chromosomal instability in cancer. Repetitive sequences located at CFS loci are inefficiently copied by replicative DNA polymerase (Pol) delta. However, translesion synthesis Pol eta has been shown…
We studied the brain mechanisms underlying action selection in a social dilemma setting in which individuals’ effortful gains are unfairly distributed among group members. A stable “worker–parasite” relationship developed when three individually operant-conditioned rats were placed together in a Skinner box equipped with response lever and food dispenser on opposite…
In recent years, we have come to appreciate the astounding intricacies associated with the formation of minerals from ions in aqueous solutions. In this context, a number of studies have revealed that the nucleation of calcium sulfate systems occurs nonclassically, involving the aggregation and reorganization of nanosized prenucleation species. In…
Ribosomes translate RNA into proteins. The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (CHX) is widely used to inhibit eukaryotic ribosomes engaged in translation elongation. However, the lack of structural data for actively translating polyribosomes stalled by CHX leaves unanswered the question of which elongation step is inhibited. We elucidated CHX’s mechanism of…
Carriers of heterozygous germline BAP1 mutations (BAP1+/−) are affected by the “BAP1 cancer syndrome.” Although they can develop almost any cancer type, they are unusually susceptible to asbestos carcinogenesis and mesothelioma. Here we investigate why among all carcinogens, BAP1 mutations cooperate with asbestos. Asbestos carcinogenesis and mesothelioma have been linked…
KATP channels are metabolic sensors that translate intracellular ATP/ADP balance into membrane excitability. The molecular composition of KATP includes an inward-rectifier potassium channel (Kir) and an ABC transporter–like sulfonylurea receptor (SUR). Although structures of KATP have been determined in many conformations, in all cases, the pore in Kir is closed….
Amyloid fibrils are associated with a number of neurodegenerative diseases, including fibrils of amyloid β42 peptide (Aβ42) in Alzheimer’s disease. These fibrils are a source of toxicity to neuronal cells through surface-catalyzed generation of toxic oligomers. Detailed knowledge of the fibril structure may thus facilitate therapeutic development. We use small-angle…
Lipid membranes are complex quasi–two-dimensional fluids, whose importance in biology and unique physical/materials properties have made them a major target for biophysical research. Recent single-molecule tracking experiments in membranes have caused some controversy, calling the venerable Saffman–Delbrück model into question and suggesting that, perhaps, current understanding of membrane hydrody
NEUROSCIENCE Correction to Supporting Information for “Thyroid hormone receptors mediate two distinct mechanisms of long-wavelength vision,” by Leo I. Volkov, Jeong Sook Kim-Han, Lauren M. Saunders, Deepak Poria, Andrew E. O. Hughes, Vladimir J. Kefalov, David M. Parichy, and Joseph C. Corbo, which was first published June 15, 2020; 10.1073/pnas.1920086117…
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES Correction for “Americans misperceive racial economic equality” by Michael W. Kraus, Julian M. Rucker, and Jennifer A. Richeson, which was first published September 18, 2017; 10.1073/pnas.1707719114 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 114, 10324–10331). The authors note that on page 10329, left column, the third paragraph, there…
Volcanoes can pave their surroundings with lava, send clouds of hot ash downslope to smother cities, and even generate massive tsunamis. The most recent high-profile eruption on the Canary Islands spawned viral videos of slow, steady folds of smoldering lava enveloping houses and swimming pools. A volcano’s plume, such as…
ECOLOGY Correction for “Species invasion progressively disrupts the trophic structure of native food webs,” by Charles A. Wainright, Clint C. Muhlfeld, James J. Elser, Samuel L. Bourret, and Shawn P. Devlin, which published November 1, 2021; 10.1073/pnas.2102179118 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 118, e2102179118). The authors note that, due to…
During pregnancy, the rodent liver undergoes hepatocyte proliferation and increases in size, followed by weaning-induced involution via hepatocyte cell death and stromal remodeling, creating a prometastatic niche. These data suggest a mechanism for increased liver metastasis in breast cancer patients with recent childbirth. It is unknown whether the human liver…
Nonhormonal products for on-demand contraception are a global health technology gap; this unmet need motivated us to pursue the use of sperm-binding monoclonal antibodies to enable effective on-demand contraception. Here, using the cGMP-compliant Nicotiana-expression system, we produced an ultrapotent sperm-binding IgG antibody possessing 6 Fab arms per molecule that bind…
People who live near the Great Lakes might go there to enjoy a swim or a boat ride. But if you're visiting from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), you might go boating for science.
Research conducted at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is taking a closer look at entropy—the measure of internal energy per unit temperature that is unavailable for doing useful work—in experiments at the National Ignition Facility (NIF).
So one thing I've been trying to understand recently is how people — specifically fans get so intensely emotionally invested in sports teams. I'm not immune to this myself as I also have teams which I root for. I get happy when they win and sad when they lose, but I usually get over it pretty quickly. I know lots fans who get significantly more into than I do, even for sports we both love. They p
From a viewpoint about 90 kilometers (56 miles) above Lacus Veris, "Lake of Spring," the camera aboard NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft imaged Saturn on October 13, 2021. In this view, the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) was looking down at the north face of the rings, and from this perspective the rings in front of Saturn appear below its equator.
Sherif Zaki worked at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for more than 30 years, and was renowned for uncovering crucial intel on various outbreak-causing scourges, from Ebola and Zika to SARS and influenza.
Projectors are fantastic for home movie nights , but finding a high-quality one for a good price can be tough. Consider the Prima Pocket Projector , which is on sale for just $279.97 (reg. $799) as a part of our Pre-Black Friday Doorbusters Sale. The Prima Pocket Projector is as slim and as light as an iPhone 7s Plus, but it casts a large shadow as it is capable of producing a 200″ cinema-quality
The Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan, China has emerged as the most likely source of the COVID-19 outbreak, making a possible alternative explanation that the virus leaked from a research lab increasingly unlikely, according to a new paper. Sleuthing through health records and genomic and epidemiologic data from the earliest days of COVID-19, Michael Worobey, a virus evolution expert at t
Image by Wikipedia. Alpha Centauri AB is on the left, Beta Centauri on the right, and Proxima Centauri is at the center of the red circle. Move over, James Webb: humanity is about to get another eye in the sky. There’s just been a new space telescope announced, named TOLIMAN, and it’s already got funding from the Breakthrough project . The telescope is designed around two things: its target, and
Tusen äppelfröplantor växer just nu till sig på Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Korsningar mellan svenska härdiga äpplen och cideräpplen. Några av dem kommer att ge nya äppelsorter som har tillräckligt med bitterarom för cidertillverkning. Franska och engelska sorter av cideräpplen fungerar inte så bra på svenska breddgrader, men nu har de korsats med härdiga svenska äpplesorter. I dag står tusen
An international research team has developed a new imaging technology. In the future this technology could not only improve the resolution of neutron measurements by many times but could also reduce radiation exposure during x-ray imaging.
Super Bowl champ will join daughter of astronaut Alan Shepard Duo will join four paying customers on flight NFL hall of famer Michael Strahan is going to space next month. Strahan, who turned 50 on Sunday and won Super Bowl XLII during his 15-year career with the New York Giants, will join Laura Shepard Churchley, the eldest daughter of astronaut Alan Shepard, on the 9 December mission aboard the
Astronomers have discovered two previously invisible galaxies 29 billion light-years away from Earth. The discovery suggests that up to one in five such distant galaxies remain hidden from our telescopes, camouflaged by cosmic dust. The new knowledge changes perceptions of our universe’s evolution since the Big Bang . “The next step is to identify the galaxies we overlooked, because there are far
A group led by researchers affiliated with the Phycology Laboratory at the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, have discovered a new species of green microalga in a reservoir located in the northwest of the state. As a result of the discovery, microalgae of the genus Nephrocytium have been moved to an order belonging to a different taxonomic class and phylo
In humans, the dopamine system has been tied to rewards and pleasurable sensations. As well as to memory and learning. A recent study from McGill University, published in Current Biology, suggests that dopamine may also play a key role in shaping what songs female songbirds enjoy, which may ultimately affect mating as females choose (and then remember) their mates based on the songs they prefer.
Science has the technology to measure the activity of every gene within a single individual cell, and just one experiment can generate thousands of cells worth of data. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have now revolutionized the way this data is analyzed—by using 3D video gaming technology. The study is published in the journal iScience.
After a long hard day, there’s nothing better (and sometimes, more necessary) than a foot rub. While going to a professional masseuse regularly will add up, there is a more cost-effective alternative that will knead out the knots at home. Enter the best foot massagers, which can improve circulation, stimulate muscles, reduce tension, and provide pain relief . The best foot massagers cater to your
An Austrian-Swiss research team was able to find a previously unknown glacial relic in the Alps, the Alpine rose leaf-miner moth. It is the first known species to have its caterpillars specializing on the rust-red alpine rose, a very poisonous, widely distributed plant that most animals, including moths and butterflies, strictly avoid. The extraordinary record was just published in the peer-review
The plant-based/meat alternative market has been growing for years, but it was during the pandemic that its profile soared. Meat substitutes remain relatively niche products, however. So how can its proponents break through to consumers?
There is an eternal question when hiring: "Is this person really the right fit?" Even if a candidate has the skills for the job, does their personality fit the company culture? Do their goals align with those of the organization? In the very short span of a selection process, it is very difficult to get to know the person behind the mask and find the answers to these questions. A new paper publish
Complex systems can be found in a diverse array of real-world scenarios, but are unified by their ability to suddenly transition between drastically different patterns of behavior. Known as 'tipping,' this type of transformation is generally triggered by small changes in the parameters of individual systems—whose effects can rapidly cascade to alter entire networks of interacting subsystems. In th
Stream Street Outlaws: No Prep Kings on discovery+ ► https://go.discovery.com/tv-shows/street-outlaws-no-prep-kings #StreetOutlawsNoPrepKings #StreetRacing #Discovery About Street Outlaws: No Prep Kings: Street racers battle at rough, untested tracks across the country and earn points depending on how they perform. Whoever has the most points at the end is crowned the true No Prep King! Subscribe
En tvilling kan vara sjuk i typ-2 diabetes, medan den andra tvillingen inte utvecklar sjukdomen. Skillnader i genernas aktivitet kan vara förklaringen. Forskare från Lunds universitet har upptäckt en så kallad epigenetisk förändring hos tvillingar med typ 2-diabetes. Epigenetiska förändringar sker bland annat genom dna-metylering, en kemisk process som styr genernas funktion . Processen påverkas
Placentas from mothers of healthy newborns could one day be used to reduce brain injury in growth-restricted babies, according to new research. The findings show that stem cells sourced from a healthy placenta may reduce damaging inflammation in these babies after only three days. “There is currently no treatment to protect the brains of a growth-restricted baby,” says Julie Wixey from the Centre
Sugars interact with the cell surface through sugar-binding proteins called lectins. These interactions play a fundamental role in many of the cell's biological processes. One important function is the modulation of the immune response towards an outside threat. In a recent Nature Chemical Biology paper, ICMS researchers team up with researchers from Leiden University to unravel the interactions o
It's been a year since America experienced one of its most divisive elections in decades. Although President Joe Biden has called for unity, recent data from a new measurement, the USC Polarization Index, has shown political polarization remains as bad today as it was a year ago.
A triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) is an energy-harvesting device that converts mechanical energy into electricity through contact separation or relative sliding movements of two opposite tribo-polar materials. Researchers from Inha University previously reported the first example of sulfur backbone polymer-based TENG. The surface of the sulfur copolymer film was directly fluorinated using toxic
Alkynes have many uses in industry. Until now, it was assumed that gold- or platinum-based catalysts were absolutely necessary for certain chemical reactions with alkynes. Chemists at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) have now succeeded in carrying out the same reactions with considerably less expensive materials. The team reports on its work in the Journal of the American Chemical S
Scientists use superconducting detectors (MKIDs) to discern the spectrum of exoplanets from their faint glow. Now, researchers from SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research and TU Delft have observed 100 times lower noise than expected, providing a new fundamental physics insight: the relationship between the number of quasiparticles and their lifetime vanishes. The study has been published i
Conventional light microscopy has been instrumental for studying cells and microorganisms; fluorescence microscopy enabled visualization of even smaller cell features by selectively adding fluorescent labels to molecules. These microscopes are often comprise bulky and expensive systems that require regular maintenance to keep the lenses aligned. Additionally, they need to strike a compromise betwe
The ocean's dark depths hold many secrets. For more than three decades, MBARI has been exploring the deep waters off the coast of central California. During an expedition aboard the R/V Western Flyer in 2019, ROV pilot Randy Prickett and scientist Steven Haddock made a peculiar observation.
Roofs collapsing under heavy snow, mini-avalanches in cities, and flash floods are just some of the winter headaches that could be resolved if there were a better way to track snow cover. With that in mind, Ph.D. student Mohamed Karim El Oufir, research assistant Anas El Alem, and Professor Karem Chokmani from Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS) are working on a sensor that can t
The use of electrodes placed inside the brains of laboratory specimens has pushed the field of neuroscience to new findings for decades. Common silicon-based electrodes rely on established production methods but are stiff and prone to injuring the brain. More pliable polymer-based electrodes avoid these issues but are difficult to scale, especially when integrating light emitters for neuron stimul
After decades of sowing doubt about climate change and its causes, the fossil fuel industry is now shifting to a new strategy: presenting itself as the source of solutions. This repositioning includes rebranding itself as a "carbon management industry."
For the past 17 years, China has imported more agricultural products than it has exported. Finding ways to improve the export competitiveness of its agricultural products has been a pressing challenge for China since it joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001. To date, research into the issue has largely focused on the macro perspective; little research has been conducted from a micro po
The bifunctional catalysts consisting of spinel ZnAlOx and SAPO-11 zeolite can directly convert syngas (a mixture of H2 and CO) into high-quality gasoline. The selectivity of C5–C11 gasoline-range hydrocarbons can reach 79% with a high content of iso-paraffins. The formation of iso-paraffins over ZnAlOx/SAPO-11 catalyst follows a pore-mouth catalysis mechanism, which means the isomerization of lin
Although we usually do not realize this, lighting is an essential part of our daily lives. After all, without light, no sight. Next to enabling us to see safely and comfortably move from place A to B, lighting also has a large impact on how we perceive and appreciate spaces. Ph.D. student Adrie de Vries has investigated how lighting affects the experience and performance of knowledge workers in an
The impacts of invasive alien species, habitat loss and climate change are compounded in small island nations, which are highly dependent on biodiversity for their economic and social wellbeing. The failure to meet global biodiversity targets clearly indicates the need for more effective biodiversity management and conservation efforts, and this in turn requires better understanding of the current
It’s natural to expect that if you buy something, you can do whatever you want with it. However, the complexity of laws around intellectual property has made that difficult. The right to repair movement is gaining steam with even Apple loosening restrictions on tinkering with your own hardware . NordicTrack is not so enlightened, though. After customers started installing their own apps on the co
Skogsbruket måste förändras för att skydda samhällsviktiga funktioner, menar en ny rapport som Skogsstyrelsen tagit fram med flera andra myndigheter. Om inte riskerar vi höga samhällskostnader i framtiden.
Nature, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03514-2 Ten-year ‘decadal survey’ sets out plans for a ‘super Hubble’, powerful ground-based telescopes and opportunities for international collaboration.
Nature, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03507-1 Modellers look at how climate policies might change with time — and find a wide range of possible outcomes, none of them good.
Amid supply chain issues resulting in emptying store shelves, the most common holiday present this year may be a gift card, according to a retail expert. “Everything I have read says there’s plenty of demand. I wonder what it’s going to get spent on,” says John Talbott , director of the Center for Education and Research in Retailing at the Indiana University Kelley School of Business. “I think th
The low-cost antidepressant fluvoxamine prevents some of the most serious complications of COVID-19, sharply reducing the risk of hospitalization and death, researchers report. Results of the study, the largest yet to evaluate a common, low-cost antidepressant as a treatment for COVID-19, appear in The Lancet Global Health . This trial, conducted in Brazil, confirms results from the first trial o
Every weekday evening, our editors guide you through the biggest stories of the day, help you discover new ideas, and surprise you with moments of delight. Subscribe to get this delivered to your inbox. Every Thanksgiving, I, like so many other people, will journey from my office to my family dining table. This Thanksgiving, that journey will be about 10 feet. For a smaller-than-you-might-think,
LevitasBio has announced the expansion of its product portfolio with the release of two new product lines that will enable researchers and laboratory personnel to better process and characterize human, animal and plant samples.
Personer med hjertesvigt har flere sengedage på hospitalerne og oftere brug for indlæggelse og ambulant hjælp, hvis de i tillæg til deres hjertesvigt også får atrieflimren. Forskellen er overraskende stor, siger forsker.
Warning Twitter users of the potential consequences of tweeting hate speech can temporarily reduce their hateful language on the platform, research suggests. “Debates over the effectiveness of social media account suspensions and bans on abusive users abound, but we know little about the impact of either warning a user of suspending an account or of outright suspensions in order to reduce hate sp
Pakkeforløb til patienter med gentagne indlæggelser er blevet afprøvet i Region Syddanmark. På nogle afdelinger hjælper pakkeforløbet til et forløbsorienteret fokus og overblik over målgruppen. På andre afdelinger har pakkeforløbet ramt ved siden af dagligdagen, siger projektchef bag evaluering af de syddanske pakkeforløb.
Der var gang i færre kliniske forsøg i Danmark i 2020 end i 2019. Til gengæld blev der igangsat flere nye kliniske forsøg. Lægemiddelindustriforeningen holder godt øje med tallene, da Danmark hele tiden skal være en interessant partner for lægemiddeludviklere at lave kliniske forsøg i.
Forskare har "filmat" hur ett protein, som reglerar energibalansen i cellen, förändrar sin struktur för att katalysera en kemisk reaktion. De molekylära mekanismerna som ligger till grund för hur en cell styr energikonsumtion och lagring är ännu inte helt kända. – Vår studie presenterar nya rön för en välkänd enzymatisk reaktion i cellen. Studien bidrar till den generella förståelsen av hur prote
The international climate summit in Glasgow aimed to "consign coal power to history". But while some major coal-consuming countries have agreed to phase out the fossil fuel in the 2030s, Australia is not one of them.
Psychedelics have always been around, and millions of people have turned to them for healing and personal growth, outside the designs of the law. Now they are back with renewed force, supported by scientific studies that empirically demonstrate the efficacy of ‘medicines’ such as MDMA, ayahuasca, ketamine or psilocybin , the molecule that confers the attribute of “magic” to mushrooms. submitted b
Why is NASA planning on deliberately crashing a spacecraft into a small asteroid that poses no threat to the Earth? It’s a test of an asteroid deflection system – DART (Double Asteroid Redirection Test) . Why the “double”? Most articles on the topic don’t say, and I had two hypotheses. The first is that the mission is targeting two asteroids, or actually a binary asteroid, Didymos (Greek for “twi
The New Puritans A growing illiberalism, fueled by social media, is trampling democratic discourse, Anne Applebaum argued in October. The result is a chilling atmosphere in which mob justice has replaced due process and forgiveness is impossible. The paramount value of the university has always been academic freedom, the freedom of university departments and professors to decide what to teach and
I’m currently conducting a study on memory and emotion regulation. If you could spare some time, please complete this survey. I will be asking you about your everyday memory and how you manage your emotions. All data is anonymous. You are eligible to participate in this study if you are aged 18- 75 and understand written English. The survey will take no longer than 20 minutes to complete. Please
For just a few days, we’re offering Black Friday deals on our top apps and software . Check out these 10 Pre-Black Friday Doorbusters deals, each of which can be accessed with code APPS30. AOMEI Backupper Professional Edition: Lifetime Subscription Losing your data can be a disaster. AOMEI Backupper helps protect against it, with backup support for everything on your PC, selective file restore, a
På morgonen den 24 november, svensk tid, ska rymdfarkosten DART skickas ut i rymden. Den ska göra det första praktiska testet för att rikta om en asteroid – en teknik som kan användas för att skydda jorden mot hotande asteroidnedslag.
Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03528-w Two scientists discovered that the journey to becoming adoptive parents has unique challenges for academics. Plus, the first quantum computer to pack 100 qubits and the vast research infrastructure being created to support China’s climate goals.
Ten years in the making, a study co-led by a researcher at Université de Montréal warns that many First Nations face three to five times the rate of food insecurity than the Canadian population overall—especially families with children.
A system designed to provide data from the National Science Foundation's Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) for analysis in the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) has successfully acquired data from a VLA antenna. The system—dubbed COSMIC: the Commensal Open Source Multimode Interferometer Cluster—is designed to receive data from a newly-developed parallel Ethernet interface to the
Ants are among the most diverse and abundant insects on the planet. Both native and invasive ants are capable of forming mutualisms with hemipteran insects, preying on non-hemipteran herbivores and indirectly affecting primary production. To date, most research has focused on only one or two levels of interaction between ants, other arthropods, and plants, and few studies have focused on the poten
Projections of the Earth's future climate at a finer scale are important in climate-related studies. However, the typical spatial resolution of CMIP6 models is approximately 100 km, which is not sufficient for resolving fine-scale orography, land cover and dynamics of the atmosphere, hindering their ability to simulate extreme weather and climate events.
Shigella, a bacterial pathogen that causes dysentery and is the leading cause of childhood diarrheal diseases, inserts a pore called a translocon into an infected person's intestinal cells and then injects bacterial proteins into the cells. There, the proteins hijack the cells' machinery to help Shigella multiply. In a study published in mBio, a team at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) has unc
Nature, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03499-y Deep-learning algorithms such as AlphaFold2 and RoseTTAFold can now predict a protein’s 3D shape from its linear sequence — a huge boon to structural biologists.
The University of Glasgow is “in discussions to retract” seven papers by a pharmacology researcher who worked there for more than 25 years, after it learned of allegations on PubPeer by pseudonymous whistleblower Clare Francis. The development confirms reporting by Retraction Watch earlier this month. In that post, we wrote: The story begins in December … Continue reading
When pregnant mothers who have syphilis go untreated, there is a 40 percent chance their babies will be miscarried, be stillborn, or die shortly after birth. Countries including Cuba, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka have wiped out congenital syphilis while the U.S. faces its highest incidence in nearly 30 years. Why?
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27160-4 Processing bodies are phase separated compartments enriched in translationally repressed mRNAs. Here, Smith et al. show that, in sensory neurons, eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K) plays key roles in the regulation of processing body abundance and the formation of translationally inactive ribosome
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27019-8 Phenotypically tolerant, persister bacterial subpopulations can survive transient antibiotic treatment and facilitate resistance evolution. Here, Nordholt et al. show that E. coli can display persistence against a widely used disinfectant and this is associated with alterations in the cell surface and with a
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27156-0 UBE3A gene dysregulation is associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, but predicting the function of UBE3A variants remains difficult. The authors use a high-throughput assay to categorize variants by functional activity, and show that UBE3A hyperactivity increases the risk of neurodevelopmental disease.
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27092-z The authors show that terminal activity of dopaminergic neurons selectively projecting from the ventral tegmental area to the lateral septum is sufficient for promoting aggression and necessary for establishing baseline aggression in mice.
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27097-8 Endogenous ACE2 is a receptor for SARS-CoV-2 and a recombinant soluble ACE2 protein can inhibit SARS-CoV-2 infection acting as a decoy. Here the authors show that B38-CAP, an ACE2-like enzyme but not a decoy for the virus, is protective against SARS-CoV-2-induced lung injury in animal models.
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26656-3 Here, the authors perform lightwave-driven terahertz scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy of graphene nanoribbons with atomic resolution in three dimensions, revealing localized wavefunctions that are inaccessible by conventional scanning tunnelling microscopy.
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27170-2 Naked mole-rats are hypoxia-tolerant mammals, and during hypoxia their body temperature decreases via unknown mechanisms. Here the authors report that the hypoxia-induced body temperature decrease in naked mole rats occurs through decreased brown adipose tissue thermogenesis via decreases in a key thermogeni
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26870-z Neuroblastoma is a devastating tumour in children. Here, the authors analyse multi-region patient samples using genomics and transcriptomics, revealing temporal and spatial heterogeneity and questioning the reliability of single-biopsy based diagnostics.
A new, widespread study of the global state of marine coral reef wilderness by WCS, NGS, and university collaborators found that remote ocean wilderness areas are sustaining fish populations much better than some of the world's best marine reserves. Findings show that remote reefs protect three times as many stocks as marine reserves, and shelter many important and threatened species that require
The unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic sent shock waves through systems and markets around the world, causing complex economic disruptions. The agricultural market too faced significant challenges. A new article in Applied Animal Science analyzes these challenges to learn from the experience. Specifically, the authors examine protein-sector food supply chains and present lessons learned from the COVI
One of the toughest moments of a break-in or disaster is losing your stuff. The US saw 1.2 million property crimes in 2018, two-thirds of which happened at homes and apartments, and 387,000 fires at homes in the same year. And while insurance is supposed to help, many find it can be a long, drawn-out nightmare. Why is the insurance protecting our stuff so broken? And how are we starting to fix it
Regeringen og Folketinget må sætte turbo på at løse problemet med årelange ventetider for udenlandske læger, der ønsker at arbejde i Danmark, skriver Camilla Noelle Rathcke, formand for Lægeforeningen, forud for dagens samråd i Sundhedsudvalget.
Chris Hadfield was the first Canadian to walk in space, became commander of the International Space Station, and became a viral sensation after covering Bowie like no one else. He speaks to the Guardian’s science editor, Ian Sample, about life as an astronaut, the new race to the moon and his new novel, The Apollo Murders. Archive: Canadian Space Agency, Nasa, EMI, DW News, ITV News, CNBC TV, BBC
Chris Hadfield was the first Canadian to walk in space, became commander of the International Space Station, and became a viral sensation after covering Bowie like no one else. He speaks to the Guardian’s science editor, Ian Sample, about life as an astronaut, the new race to the moon and his new novel, The Apollo Murders.. Help support our independent journalism at theguardian.com/sciencepod
A cancer immunologist who as of 2017 was “the most highly cited immunologist in Australia” has “seriously breached Codes relating to responsible research conduct,” according to his former employer. QMIR Berghofer in Brisbane “has commissioned an independent external investigation after a number of complaints relating to the research conduct of a former employee Professor Mark … Continue reading
A few years ago, an argument broke out about whether streaming was really “the future of entertainment.” Modern events have settled that argument for good, yet that’s left consumers wondering where to get quality content, especially documentaries and informative videos. The CuriosityStream + KeepSolid VPN Unlimited Lifetime Subscription Bundle ensures you always have something great to watch, whi
With wildfires devastating mountain ecosystems across the western United States, their successful forest revegetation recovery hinges on, among other factors, an adequate lasting snowpack, according to new research.
Joining the global effort to curb air pollution, researchers have developed computational tools to accurately assess the footprint of certain organic atmospheric pollutants. Their simulation could help government agencies keep a closer check on human-made sources of carbon-based pollutants.
Both rare and commonly observed differences in the DNA letters strung along a person's chromosomes can explain about a third of the risk for being diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), according to a new study.
Companies in the digital technology industry are significantly underreporting the greenhouse gas emissions arising along the value chain of their products. Across a sample of 56 major tech companies surveyed, more than half of these emissions were excluded from self-reporting in 2019. At approximately 390 megatons carbon dioxide equivalents, the omitted emissions are in the same ballpark as the ca
A new gadget could bring harm reduction into the world of medtech. Researchers at the University of Washington are developing a wearable Narcan injector for opioid users that can detect whether or not the wearer is breathing — and, if they aren’t, administer the drug to reverse an overdose. The wearable, described in a new paper in the journal Scientific Reports, is similar to an insulin pump — a
Congratulations! You ‘ re lucky enough to be seated, in relatively safety, around the Thanksgiving table in-person this year with your annoying family instead of having to do so over Zoom and/or risk catching the plague that, at this time last year, had no vaccine. But wait! What’s that your irritating aunt just said about how her neighbor — who’s a nurse , by the way — told her something about C
Gaming monitors have enjoyed something of a renaissance over the past few years. There are more choices available on the market than ever before. All this choice can make it difficult to find the best budget gaming monitor, especially if you’re not ready to invest a small fortune in a premium gaming setup. Technological innovations previously confined to high-end monitors have steadily trickled d
New research shows how genetic variations linked to severe cases of COVID-19 affect our immune cells. The study is one of the first in-depth look at the connections between COVID-19 severity and gene expression in many types of immune cells. This work could guide the development of new COVID-19 therapies to boost immune cell function.
People with type 2 diabetes who contract COVID-19 are nearly 50 percent more likely to wind up in intensive care if they have poorly managed their blood sugar levels over the long-term than those with better long-term glycemic control, according to a study using anonymized health care data.
Cells in your body cannot see, but they can feel their surroundings and their own shape. Scientists now showed via both – experiments and theory – how cells can sense the curvature of tissue around them and how this influences their inner workings.
Researchers conducted a head-to-head test of the second-generation vaccine CV2CoV compared with CVnCoV. The scientists assessed the vaccines' ability to provoke an immune response as well as their protective efficacy against COVID-19 in non-human primates.
Researchers have achieved a new benchmark in the design of atomically thin solar cells made of semiconducting perovskites, boosting their efficiency while retaining their ability to stand up to the environment. The lab of Aditya Mohite of Rice University’s George R. Brown School of Engineering discovered that sunlight itself contracts the space between atomic layers in 2D perovskites enough to im
Enzymes that produce second messengers are highly regulated. Revealing the mechanisms underlying such regulation is critical to understanding both how cells achieve specific signaling outcomes and return to homeostasis following a particular stimulus. Pooled genome-wide CRISPR screens are powerful unbiased approaches to elucidate regulatory networks, their principal limitation being the…
Societal stereotypes depict girls as less interested than boys in computer science and engineering. We demonstrate the existence of these stereotypes among children and adolescents from first to 12th grade and their potential negative consequences for girls’ subsequent participation in these fields. Studies 1 and 2 (n = 2,277; one…
Global inactivation of IκB kinase (IKK)-α results in defective lymph node (LN) formation and B cell maturation, and loss of IKK-α–dependent noncanonical NF-κB signaling in stromal organizer and hematopoietic cells is thought to underlie these distinct defects. We previously demonstrated that this pathway is also activated in vascular endothelial cells…
Kinetochores, a protein complex assembled on centromeres, mediate chromosome segregation. In most eukaryotes, centromeres are epigenetically specified by the histone H3 variant CENP-A. CENP-T, an inner kinetochore protein, serves as a platform for the assembly of the outer kinetochore Ndc80 complex during mitosis. How CENP-T is regulated through the cell…
Phytoplankton support complex bacterial microbiomes that rely on phytoplankton-derived extracellular compounds and perform functions necessary for algal growth. Recent work has revealed sophisticated interactions and exchanges of molecules between specific phytoplankton–bacteria pairs, but the role of host genotype in regulating those interactions is unknown. Here, we show how phytoplankton microb
G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) are one of the most important drug–target classes in pharmaceutical industry. Their diversity in signaling, which can be modulated with drugs, permits the design of more effective and better-tolerated therapeutics. In this work, we have used rigid oligoproline backbones to generate bivalent ligands for the gastrin-releasing…
Snails are model organisms for studying the genetic, molecular, and developmental bases of left–right asymmetry in Bilateria. However, the development of their typical helicospiral shell, present for the last 540 million years in environments as different as the abyss or our gardens, remains poorly understood. Conversely, ammonites typically have a…
Pesticides are linked to global insect declines, with impacts on biodiversity and essential ecosystem services. In addition to well-documented direct impacts of pesticides at the current stage or time, potential delayed “carryover” effects from past exposure at a different life stage may augment impacts on individuals and populations. We investigated…
Human-induced deforestation and soil erosion were environmental stressors for the ancient Maya of Mesoamerica. Furthermore, intense, periodic droughts during the Terminal Classic Period, ca. Common Era 830 to 950, have been documented from lake sediment cores and speleothems. Today, lakes worldwide that are surrounded by dense human settlement and intense…
Efficient and targeted sperm motility is essential for animal reproductive success. Sperm from mammals and echinoderms utilize a highly conserved signaling mechanism in which sperm motility is stimulated by pH-dependent activation of the cAMP-producing enzyme soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC). However, the presence of this pathway in early-branching metazoans has remained…
Calcium (Ca2+) homeostasis is maintained through coordination between intestinal absorption, renal reabsorption, and bone remodeling. Intestinal and renal (re)absorption occurs via transcellular and paracellular pathways. The latter contributes the bulk of (re)absorption under conditions of adequate intake. Epithelial paracellular permeability is conferred by tight-junction proteins called claudin
In the laboratory, animals’ motivation to work tends to be positively correlated with reward magnitude. But in nature, rewards earned by work are essential to survival (e.g., working to find water), and the payoff of that work can vary on long timescales (e.g., seasonally). Under these constraints, the strategy of…
Physicochemical principles such as stoichiometry and fractal assembly can give rise to characteristic scaling between components that potentially include coexpressed transcripts. For key structural factors within the nucleus and extracellular matrix, we discover specific gene-gene scaling exponents across many of the 32 tumor types in The Cancer Genome Atlas, and…
Synaptotagmin 1 (syt1) is a Ca2+ sensor that regulates synaptic vesicle exocytosis. Cell-based experiments suggest that syt1 functions as a multimer; however, biochemical and electron microscopy studies have yielded contradictory findings regarding putative self-association. Here, we performed dynamic light scattering on syt1 in solution, followed by electron microscopy, and we…
Camouflage is widespread in nature, engineering, and the military. Dynamic surface wrinkles enable a material the on-demand control of the reflected optical signal and may provide an alternative to achieve adaptive camouflage. Here, we demonstrate a feasible strategy for adaptive visible camouflage based on light-driven dynamic surface wrinkles using a…
Arising from reduced dielectric screening, excitonic effects should be taken into account in ultrathin two-dimensional photocatalysts, and a significant challenge is achieving nontrivial excitonic regulation. However, the effect of structural modification on the regulation of the excitonic aspect is at a comparatively early stage. Herein, we report unusual effects of…
Global climate warming is causing the loss of freshwater ice around the Northern Hemisphere. Although the timing and duration of ice covers are known to regulate ecological processes in seasonally ice-covered ecosystems, the consequences of shortening winters for freshwater biota are poorly understood owing to the scarcity of under-ice research….
Vascular endothelial cells are exposed to shear stresses with disturbed vs. laminar flow patterns, which lead to proinflammatory vs. antiinflammatory phenotypes, respectively. Effective treatment against endothelial inflammation and the consequent atherogenesis requires the identification of new therapeutic molecules and the development of drugs targeting these molecules. Using Connectivity Map, w
Ginés Morata grew up in remote village in southeast Spain. As a child, he says, he had no scientific role models or sources of inspiration. Yet, by the end of graduate school, Morata had made two groundbreaking discoveries in Drosophila that are still influencing the field of developmental biology, including…
The proximate mechanisms by which physical activity (PA) slows senescence and decreases morbidity and mortality have been extensively documented. However, we lack an ultimate, evolutionary explanation for why lifelong PA, particularly during middle and older age, promotes health. As the growing worldwide epidemic of physical inactivity accelerates the prevalence of…
Responsible stewardship of temperate forests can address key challenges posed by climate change through sequestering carbon, producing low-carbon products, and mitigating climate risks. Forest thinning and fuel reduction can mitigate climate-related risks like catastrophic wildfire. These treatments are often cost prohibitive, though, in part because of low demand for low-value…
Today, the two major political parties are often blamed for a plethora of problems in American governance. But for most of the last century and a half, political party competition has had positive effects on the welfare of Americans.
Conversation with Iain Link Still can't believe we got to have this conversation. I feel like I got to talk to Kant or Hume or Nietzsche or Dostoyevsky while they were still alive. Totally surreal. Beyond that, though, I'm so deeply grateful to Iain for his work. I don't know if many of you haven't heard of Iain or his flagship work "The Master and His Emissary", but if you haven't this might be
I'm doing a research project as part of my course and I would really appreciate having people complete the exercise I have linked! It can be done on mobile and should only take 10-20 minutes to complete. Results won't be published anywhere but you can contact me after December 17th to see the results of the project. Here is the link: [Research project (Qualtrics)]( https://dcupsychology.fra1.
By the late 21st century, northeastern U.S. cities will see worsening hurricane outcomes, with storms arriving more quickly but slowing down once they've made landfall. As storms linger longer over the East Coast, they will cause greater damage along the heavily populated corridor, according to a new study.
Astronomers have discovered two previously invisible galaxies 29 billion light-years away. Their discovery suggests that up to one in five such distant galaxies remain hidden from our telescopes, camouflaged by cosmic dust. The new knowledge changes perceptions of our universe's evolution since the Big Bang.
Researchers explain why digital teaching cannot replace face-to-face teaching in university education, but can certainly be seen as a complementary tool. The future of teaching and learning may lie in so-called blended learning, a mix of face-to-face and online education.
Some ancestral rodents likely had repeated infections with SARS-like coronaviruses, leading them to acquire tolerance or resistance to the pathogens, according to new research. This raises the possibility that modern rodents may be reservoirs of SARS-like viruses, the researchers say.
"How much more damage do we have to endure before we realize that it's cheaper to save this planet than to ruin it?" asks engineer and investor John Doerr. In conversation with Countdown cofounder Lindsay Levin, Doerr and systems innovator Ryan Panchadsaram lay out six big objectives that — if pursued with speed and scale — could transform society and get us to net-zero emissions by 2050. An act
COVID-19 has caused a dramatic shift in people’s priorities when it comes to dating, sex, and love, according to an annual study on single adults. Some of the changes could last well beyond the pandemic, say faculty from the Kinsey Institute at Indiana University. This is the 11th year for Match.com’s “Singles in America” study, which Kinsey Institute executive director Justin Garcia and senior r
This is a re-post from the Citizens' Climate Lobby blog Inflation — the decline of purchasing power as prices rise — is currently at its highest level in 30 years . This has led to concern among the public and policymakers about the rising costs of many important products like food, shelter, gasoline, electricity, and cars. Senator Joe Manchin has said he will not “support a package that risks hu
It sounds like modern-day alchemy: Transforming sugar into hydrocarbons found in gasoline. But that's exactly what scientists have done. Researchers report harnessing the wonders of biology and chemistry to turn glucose (a type of sugar) into olefins (a type of hydrocarbon, and one of several types of molecules that make up gasoline).
Using the same approach they recently used to create effective vaccine candidates against COVID-19 and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), scientists are tackling another virus: the tick-borne Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF).
The heady days of rapidly rising prosperity may be coming to an end, according to an interdisciplinary group of scientists. Developed democracies in particular look to be first in line for a long-run economic slowdown through the 21st century, and that, according to the researchers, should prompt some preparation for the additional fiscal and social stress that it will bring.
Two-dimensional MXene has been a rising star in the energy world as this material can store energy fast. But their unstable voltage output limits their applications. A collaborative research team has recently developed battery-like electrochemical Nb2CTx MXene electrodes with stable voltage output and high energy density by using a high-voltage scanning strategy. These latest findings may lead to
Researchers evaluated 17.5 million possible strategies the CDC could have recommended as it planned COVID-19 vaccine rollouts. While the researchers generally validate the CDC's plan, they did highlight some improvements, which could inform future vaccination strategies.
The US appears to be on the brink of a winter surge in COVID-19 cases, but experts from Johns Hopkins University offer hope that this winter will be better than the last. COVID-19 cases are on the rise again in the United States after dipping just three weeks ago. Vaccine effectiveness is waning and without widespread boosters, shots given six months ago remain at least 80-85% effective against s
No matter who you are, what you do, or where you live, you will always need to measure something. It could be to hang your favorite picture on the wall or measure where to put that brand new computer monitor you bought for a new office space. As long as we’re alive, we’ll have to continue to measure. Most people will usually grab a bulky tape measurer or search the house for that wooden ruler tha
A journal is considering issuing an expression of concern for a 2005 paper by authors tied to a company that’s now under investigation for fraud, Retraction Watch has learned. The article, “Ultra-low-dose naloxone suppresses opioid tolerance, dependence and associated changes in mu opioid receptor–G protein coupling and Gβγ signaling,” was written by a group linked … Continue reading
Whoosh Rolls-Royce’s Spirit of Innovation electric airplane just crushed the all-electric top speed record, soaring through the air at 384.4 mph. That’s if the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) approves the flight and certifies the record. If the record does get certified, the company’s single-seater aircraft will have smashed the current record by an impressive 132 mph, which was set
High-fidelity sound is no longer relegated to the living room. Today you can take powerful speakers anywhere, whether you’re splashing in a mountain swimming hole, racing bicycles through the concrete canyons of Manhattan, or canoeing the labyrinthine marshes of the Everglades. Bluetooth connectivity further amplifies the potential for rugged, quality sound by allowing for cordless connections fr
Native and Indigenous women with breast cancer have a higher percentage of mastectomy and a lower percentage of lumpectomy compared with white women, according to a new study. The study of 170,000 women uncovers disparities in breast cancer treatments that may lead to poorer health outcomes in Indigenous women, who currently have the worst breast cancer survival outcomes of any racial group in th
Attempts to curb illegal fishing in African waters while turning a blind eye to large fishing fleets which are most damaging to fish stocks are putting small-scale fisheries at risk, according to new research from the University of St Andrews.
Cornell researchers have developed an innovative technique to track microbes and understand the various ways they process soil carbon, findings that add to our knowledge of how bacteria contribute to the global carbon cycle.
Residential energy use represents roughly one-fifth of annual greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. A team of researchers led by McGill University has used data from 60 million individual American households to look into how carbon emissions caused by household energy use vary by race and ethnicity across the country. Paradoxically, this first national level analysis found that even thoug
Researchers have developed ultra-thin wireless devices called osseosurface electronics that grow to the surface of bone and could someday help monitor bone health and healing over long periods. “As a surgeon, I am most excited about using measurements collected with osseosurface electronics to someday provide my patients with individualized orthopedic care—with the goal of accelerating rehabilita
A day after an oil sheen was spotted off Huntington Beach, authorities believed they had identified and contained the source: a leak from the damaged area of a pipeline that ruptured in October, spilling an estimated 25,000 gallons of oil into the Pacific.
PLUS. Som alternativ til traditionel blødgøring har Odsherred Forsyning installeret et anlæg, der tilsætter CO2 og dermed bremser udfældningen af kalk. Det er en fordel for både klima, miljø og økonomi.
Monarch butterflies and their close relatives thrive on poisonous milkweed, thanks to genetic mutations that block the effects of the plant's toxins while allowing the poisons to accumulate in the caterpillar or adult insects as deterrents to hungry predators.
Like a mirage on the horizon, an innovative process for converting a potent greenhouse gas into a food security solution has been stalled by economic uncertainty. Now, a first-of-its-kind Stanford University analysis evaluates the market potential of the approach, in which bacteria fed captured methane grow into protein-rich fishmeal. The study, published Nov. 22 in Nature Sustainability, finds pr
Direct band gap GeSn alloys have emerged as a promising group-IV gain material for low-cost infrared laser manufacturing. They face major issues like high threshold power, and low lasing temperature that hinder their integration into full CMOS-compatible photonic chips. Scientists in France have developed a specific GeSn-on-insulator (GeSnOI) technology that combines defects, strain, electronic-ba
Det finns ett samband mellan väpnad konflikt och våld i nära relationer. Det visar data från Colombia. Ju mer intensiv konflikt, desto större risk för en kvinna att utsättas för våld av sin partner eller före detta partner. Sexuellt våld mot kvinnor har utförts av alla väpnade grupper i Colombia. Det har använts med avsikt att skrämma och förnedra kvinnor och hela samhällen, skada fiender och i s
As our world becomes increasingly digital, math becomes more and more important (not that it wasn’t always important). Even in ancient times, math was a critical technology improving our ability to predict the seasons, design buildings and roads, and have a functioning economy. In recent decades our world has been becoming increasingly virtual and digital, run by mathematical algorithms, simulati
A new study suggests that the brain may treat similar environments as if they are even more different than a pair of environments that have nothing in common. Brain scientists call this concept “repulsion.” For example, imagine you’re walking through a chain supermarket, headed for the dairy section. You’ve done it a million times: Take a right at the entrance, away from the produce, and walk pas
(Image: FTC) The Federal Trade Commission has announced that it will begin “ramping up enforcement” against companies that manipulate people into starting subscriptions or that make it difficult to cancel services. It’s an unanticipated move that should disappoint almost no one—except maybe your cable company. In an announcement from late last month, the FTC said companies that failed to obtain i
A lab, whose work is concentrated on neuromorphic computing or brain-inspired computing, has new research that introduces hardware improvements by harnessing a quality known as 'randomness' or 'stochasticity'. Their research contradicts the perception of randomness as a quality that will negatively impact computation results and demonstrates the utilization of finely controlled stochastic features
Mathematicians have derived the formulas for boundary layer turbulence 100 years after the phenomenon was first formulated. Mathematicians have been trying to understand the turbulence that arises when a flow interacts with a boundary, but a formulation has proven elusive. A team of mathematicians, led by University of California, Santa Barbara professor Björn Birnir and University of Oslo profes
A new analysis adds to evidence that nutritious diets are often more environmentally sustainable, while also demonstrating the feasibility of evaluating diet sustainability at the scale of specific foods—rather than broader food-group categories. Dr. Holly Rippin of the University of Leeds, U.K., and colleagues present these findings in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on November 24, 2021.
The critical zone is Earth's outer skin, the space between treetops and bedrock. The critical zone is a community comprising rock, water, soil, air, and the flora and fauna that live on Earth's surface. As floods, landslides, and other geologic hazards shape landscapes, they transform the critical zone and the life-giving processes that support ecosystems.
The Department of Agronomy at the University of Córdoba leads an international study in which the different species of the pathogen are being understood thanks to samples collected over the course of 25 years.
I princip allt som säljs i frukt- och grönsaksdisken har kommit till genom växtförädling, något som få konsumenter har kunskap om, visar en studie från SLU. Ändå är åsikterna många, vilket kan påverka utvecklingen av nya sorter. Det finns en tydlig skillnad mellan män och kvinnor i synen på växtförädling. Män är i allmänhet mer positiva både till konventionell växtförädling och till modern gentek
Legislation that enforces a 'cooling off' period between purchasing and acquiring a firearm reduces impulse purchases. It also limits the number of homicides, especially in the domestic sphere. This is demonstrated by behavioral economist David Schindler of Tilburg University on the basis of a quantitative study in various U.S. States. The publication will appear in the journal Review of Economics
Stream Full Episodes of Alaskan Bush People: https://www.discoveryplus.com/show/alaskan-bush-people #Discovery #AlaskanBushPeople #OffGrid Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Follow Us on TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@Discovery We're on Instagram! https://instagram.com/Discovery Join Us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Discovery Follow Us on Twitter: https://twitter.co
Nature, Published online: 19 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03504-4 NASA will slam a multimillion-dollar spacecraft into an asteroid to test whether it is possible to change a space rock’s trajectory. Plus, childhood colds might change how the immune system responds to COVID.
When the COVID-19 pandemic forced New Orleans public school teachers to switch from in-person instruction to a virtual or hybrid setting, the transition left many feeling anxious over their ability to impact student learning, according to a multi-agency study led by Tulane University.
Policymakers, industry and civil society leaders count on solid data to inform and guide strategies that will deliver on the objectives of the Paris Agreement. To support these decisions, scientists developed long-term global scenarios known as integrated assessment models (IAMs) that combine different strands of knowledge—natural science, engineering and economics.
In an age of online restaurant reviews and product ratings, landing in first place on a "top 10" list can confer great benefits on the top-ranked option, magnifying the differences between it and all other choices and blinding people to important details that might otherwise affect their decision-making, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.
Women are structurally underrepresented in leading management and organization journals, a new study published today in Research Policy finds. Nora Lohmeyer(verwijst naar een andere website) of Radboud University and Carolin Auschra and Julia Bartosch of Freie Universität Berlin analyzed a dataset of 43,673 articles in fourteen top journals, and found that even in 2017, the most recent year of the
Den vanligaste använda metoden att testa för covid-19 är med RT-PCR genom ett nässvalgsprov taget med bomullspinne. Provtagning från nässvalget är ofta obehaglig och RT-PCR-test kräver även analys i laboratorium. I en ny studie från Lunds universitet har forskare undersökt om snabbantigentest för covid-19 kan användas på saliv i stället för att pinna nässvalget.
We've been hearing a lot recently about the metaverse—a vision for the internet which uses technology like virtual and augmented reality to integrate real and digital worlds. With Facebook changing its name to Meta to focus on this space, and other big tech companies like Microsoft coming onboard, there is much discussion about the potential of the metaverse to enhance the way we socialize, work a
News that describes migration in a positive context, makes us become more positive about immigration and vice versa. This is stated by Nora Theorin in a new dissertation on media and migration at the Department of Journalism, Media and Communication, University of Gothenburg.
Omega Protein Corp and Omega Protein, Inc. may not be household names, but many of their products are. These two companies, collectively known as "Omega," compose one of the largest reduction fishing organizations in North America. They capture and process fish known as menhaden, then resell the "reduced fish" for use in pet food, agriculture and aquaculture feed, and human fish oil supplements. B
On the face of it, a recently launched TV channel dedicated to dogs seems, well, barking mad. But our pets often spend long periods of time home alone, and providing some form of enrichment and stimulation can be very beneficial to dogs and their owners alike.
We tend to think Antarctica is isolated and far away—biologically speaking, this is true. But the continent is busier than you probably imagine, with many national programs and tourist operators crisscrossing the globe to get there.
Warning Twitter users about potential adverse consequences of their use of hate speech can decrease their subsequent posting of hateful language for a week, finds a new study by New York University's Center for Social Media and Politics.
Even though we can’t see it, harmful bacteria are everywhere. While we can’t control the germs that live outside of our homes , we can control the ones that live among us, to some extent. One viable way to combat harmful germs from spreading in your house is using a sterilizing robot. Yes, a robot that kills germs. The ROCKUBOT is a high-tech robot buddy that eliminates germs and airborne viruses
Var åttonde person i åldern 16-25 år har använt eller använder preparat som är muskelbyggande eller har som syfte att förändra kroppens utseende enligt en studie från Högskolan i Gävle. Att cirka 12 procent ungdom har tagit preparat för att förändra sin kropps utseende var en oväntat hög siffra för Anna Qvarfordt, Lena Svennberg och Göran Svedsäter, forskare inom Idrottsvetenskap vid Högskolan i
Nyheter som beskriver invandring i ett positivt sammanhang, får oss att bli mer positivt inställda till invandring och tvärtom. Det gäller framför allt ”alternativa medier” på höger- och vänsterkanten. Medier sägs ofta spela en central roll för vad människor anser om migration, men kunskapen är begränsad om hur, när och varför de påverkar. I sin doktorsavhandling har Nora Theorin undersökt instäl
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27118-6 Scalable fabrication of Low-cost hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalysts that can operate at industry-relevant conditions is highly needed for efficient water electrolyzers. Here the authors show a scalable synthesis of a MoC-Mo2C heterojunction electrode with efficient HER activity and high stability at
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27137-3 Prediction of drug-target interactions (DTI) plays a vital role in drug development through applications in various areas, such as virtual screening for lead discovery, drug repurposing and identification of potential drug side effects. Here, the authors develop a unified framework for DTI prediction by comb
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26660-7 In-plane polarized ferroelectric thin films typically exhibit complicated multidomain states, not desirable for optoelectronic device performance. Here, the authors combine interfacial symmetry engineering and anisotropic strain to design single-domain in-plane polarized ferroelectric BaTiO3 films.
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27029-6 Modulating the host immune response during tuberculosis is an emerging and critical advance in the therapeutic approach. Here the authors present data from a first-in-human phase I/II randomised trial on the safety and immunogenicity of adjuvant therapy of the H56:IC31 vaccine and cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26996-0 Extremely fine-grained fault rocks are intrinsically weak and behave as fluids even at low temperatures and fast deformation rates. Local production of fine-grained material during fault movement can lead to an earthquake instability.
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26171-5 One way to describe a particle is as a localised, 3-dimensional topological state, such as a skyrmion or hopfion. Here, the authors demonstrate and characterise particle-like skyrmionic hopfions in a free-space structured light beam.
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27020-1 Auxin inactivation plays important roles in plant development. Here the authors show that the main route of IAA inactivation in Arabidopsis is via conjugation by GH3 IAA-amidosynthetases followed by DAO1 dioxygenase-mediated oxidation of the conjugated forms and hydrolysis by ILR1 to release inactive oxIAA.
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27072-3 SARS-CoV-2 proteases are key targets for anti-viral drug development. Here the authors present modular tunable autoproteolytic gene switches for virus free cell culture screening of inhibitors.
Globala IT-företag har vunnit terräng inom skolan under pandemin. Att kommersiella krafter tar sig in i utbildningssystemets kärna och påverkar hur undervisningen bedrivs är olyckligt, anser Malin Ideland, professor i utbildningsvetenskap. Digitaliseringen fungerar dessutom som IT-jättarnas spionkamera in i svenska klassrum, skriver hon.
New research published in Frontiers in Education argues that analyzing the individual components that underlie socioeconomic status, such as parents' occupation or the number of books in a home, is a better predictor of student success across different cultures than the current composite index.
Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03491-6 Carbon-neutrality institutes, and other initiatives to support a pledge to achieve net zero by 2060, are popping up like mushrooms across China.
(Not: inte att förväxla med Spiritualism.) Systrarna Fox Att tro på andar och spöken är säkert en lika gammal företeelse som människan själv. “Modern” spiritism, med seanser och personer som … Continued Inlägget dök först upp på Vetenskap och Folkbildning .
Broad-based scientific team from government, academia and industry joins forces to identify new opportunities to reduce the environmental impact of polyurethane — one of the most widely used but little recycled plastic materials.
I completed my undergrad from a large state college in the United States with a 3.9 in computer science and mathematics; otherwise, I have a rather sparse resume when it comes to lab experience or academic research, and I don't have anyone that could write me a good recommendation (I was a bit of an underachiever despite my GPA). I was interested in going to work as a programmer, so I focused my
Researchers have developed an ultra-thin wireless device that grows to the surface of bone. Dubbed 'osseosurface electronics,' they could someday help physicians monitor bone health and healing over long periods.
Alexander disease is a progressive and rare neurological disorder with no cure or standard course of treatment. But a new study involving a rat model of the disease offers a potential treatment for the typically fatal condition.
It sounds like a party trick: scientists can now look at the brain activity of a tiny worm and tell you which chemical the animal smelled a few seconds before. But the findings of a new study are more than just a novelty; they help the scientists better understand how the brain functions and integrates information.
Exotic laser-produced high-energy-density (HED) plasmas akin to those found in stars and nuclear explosions could provide insight into events throughout the universe. Physicists have discovered a new way to measure and understand these plasmas, among the most extreme states of matter ever produced on Earth. Improved understanding could provide benefits ranging from fine-tuning the high-density pla
A team of researchers has demonstrated for the first time one way that a small molecule turns a single cell into something as large as a tree. For half a century, scientists have known that all plants depend on this molecule, auxin, to grow. Until now, they didn't understand exactly how auxin sets growth in motion.
In the human brain, the hormone insulin also acts on the most important neurotransmitter for the reward system, dopamine. Insulin lowers the dopamine level in a specific region of the brain (striatum) that regulates reward processes and cognitive functions, among other things. This interaction can be an important driver of the brain's regulation of glucose metabolism and eating behavior.
Global change is eroding life on earth at an unprecedented rate and scale. Species extinctions have accelerated over the last decades, with the concomitant loss of the functions and services they provide to human societies.
The biggest shopping day of the year is coming up, and we suspect that many of you can’t wait to get through Thanksgiving to take advantage of the deals. Lucky for you, we’ve not only compiled a huge inventory of great finds at even lower than our regularly discounted prices, we’re making them available to you even before Black Friday. So, not only are you avoiding the crowds, misbehaving custome
BioNyt Videnskabens Verden (www.bionyt.dk) er Danmarks ældste populærvidenskabelige tidsskrift for naturvidenskab. Det er det eneste blad af sin art i Danmark, som er helliget international forskning inden for livsvidenskaberne.
Bladet bringer aktuelle, spændende forskningsnyheder inden for biologi, medicin og andre naturvidenskabelige områder som f.eks. klimaændringer, nanoteknologi, partikelfysik, astronomi, seksualitet, biologiske våben, ecstasy, evolutionsbiologi, kloning, fedme, søvnforskning, muligheden for liv på mars, influenzaepidemier, livets opståen osv.
Artiklerne roses for at gøre vanskeligt stof forståeligt, uden at den videnskabelige holdbarhed tabes.