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Hormone Blockers Can Prolong Life if Prostate Cancer Recurs
Men whose prostate cancer recurs after surgery are more likely to survive if, along with the usual radiation, they take drugs to block male hormones.

Scientists show deep brain stimulation blocks heroin relapse in rats
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) can greatly reduce the compulsion to use heroin in standard rat models of addiction, new research has demonstrated.

Researchers Reveal an Evolutionary Basis for the Female Orgasm
Following hormonal biomarkers across a wide variety of species helped scientists piece it together.

Flappy leaves on fake trees could make electricity
A new device mimics the branches and leaves of a cottonwood tree and generates electricity when its artificial leaves sway in the wind. The concept won’t replace wind turbines, but the technology could spawn a niche market for small and visually unobtrusive machines that turn wind into electricity, says Michael McCloskey, an associate professor of genetics, development, and cell biology at Iowa S

Rival theories about Antarctica may both be true
A new explanation for the origin of Antarctica links two competing theories. It’s one of the big mysteries in the scientific world: how did the ice sheets of Antarctica form so rapidly about 34 million years ago, at the boundary between the Eocene and Oligocene epochs? These are the two theories: Climate change: The first explanation is based on global climate change: Scientists have shown that a

These Paper Drones Are Built for One-Way Missions
The autonomous craft would be a cheap, disposable way to deliver medical supplies in remote areas or conflict zones.

Good ribbance: Dinosaur rib bones reveal remnants of 195-million-year-old protein
Is fossilized rock all that remains when a dinosaur decomposes? New research provides the first evidence that proteins have been preserved within the 195-million-year-old rib of the sauropodomorph dinosaur Lufengosaurus.

First ever blueprint unveiled to construct a large scale quantum computer
An international team, led by a scientist from the University of Sussex, have today unveiled the first practical blueprint for how to build a quantum computer, the most powerful computer on Earth.

First functional fish head joint discovered in deep-sea dragonfishes in museum collections
Scientists with the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History and the French Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle are the first to describe and illustrate an evolutionary novelty among fishes—a unique, flexible connection between the skull and vertebral column in barbeled dragonfishes, a group of closely related deep-sea predatory fishes. The description details the first and only example o

Complex bacterium writes new evolutionary story
A University of Queensland-led international study has discovered a new type of bacterial structure which has previously only been seen in more complex cells.

Scientists prove new approach to Polio vaccines works
Scientists have identified new ways to provide vaccines against polio, which do not require the growth of live virus for their manufacture.

Discovery of new T-cell subtype opens window on rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers have carefully scrutinized the immune cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis, revealing a striking new subset of T-cells that collaborate with other immune cells to drive inflammation in peripheral tissues.

Fast food packaging may contain dangerous chemicals
Health A third of fast food wrappers test positive for chemicals linked to negative health effects A new study found that more than a third of fast food packages contains a toxic chemical…

Infants Exposed to Languages Can Retain Them Later in Life
A new study suggests we learn the sounds of language well before we learn to speak.

GIANT study finds rare, but influential, genetic changes related to height
In the largest, deepest search to date, scientists uncovered 83 new DNA changes that affect human height. These changes are uncommon or rare, but they have potent effects, with some of them adjusting height by more than 2 cm (almost 8/10 of an inch). The 700,000-plus-person study also found several genes pointing to previously unknown biological pathways involved in skeletal growth.

Which Genes Make You Taller? A Whole Bunch Of Them, It Turns Out
You'd think it would be a simple matter of looking at a few genes from Mom and Dad. But scientists say they've already found more than 700 variants that affect height and are still counting. (Image credit: Giordano Poloni/Ikon Images/Getty Images)

Novel pharmaceutic action for HIV/AIDS discovered
Using a process called LASER ART (long-acting slow effective release antiretroviral therapy), a research team has discovered an unexpected pathway to open cell storage areas for antiviral drugs. The discovery could revolutionize current treatments for HIV/AIDS by extending the actions of disease-combating medicines.

Cocktail of bacteria-killing viruses prevents cholera infection in animal models
Oral administration of a cocktail of three viruses, all of which specifically kill cholera bacteria, protects against infection and prevents cholera-like symptoms in animal model experiments. The findings are the first to demonstrate the efficacy of a preventative, oral phage therapy.

Hand-grip test can indicate decline in physical function of Parkinson's patients
A basic hand-grip test has proven to be a reliable tool to monitor the decline of patients with Parkinson's diseases, say investigators.

Wearable AI system can detect a conversation's tone
Scientists have developed an artificially intelligent, wearable system that can predict if a conversation is happy, sad, or neutral based on a person's speech patterns and vitals. Coupled with audio and vital-sign data, deep-learning system could someday serve as a 'social coach' for people with anxiety or Asperger's, they say.

Drug shows promise for treating alcoholism
An anti-inflammatory drug called Ibudilast, used in Japan to treat asthma, may be a promising new treatment for alcoholism, a new study has found.

Controlling electron spin makes water splitting more efficient
One of the main obstacles in the production of hydrogen through water splitting is that hydrogen peroxide is also formed, which affects the efficiency stability of the reaction and the stability of the production. Dutch and Israeli researchers from Eindhoven University of Technology and the Weizmann Institute have succeeded in controlling the spin of electrons in the reaction and thereby almost fu

Genetic study uncovers potential new treatments for inflammatory diseases
Researchers have studied over ten million DNA variations and found new links between the human genome and inflammation tracers. The study uncovered new possibilities for treatment of diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Crohn's disease and celiac disease.

Highly sensitive gas sensors for volatile organic compound detection
A collaboration of researchers in Japan has developed a sensor for volatile organic compound (VOC) detection. Their manufacturing method allows for fine-tuning of SnO2 nanocrystal and pore sizes. Experiments found that a dramatic increase in sensitivity was realized by Pd-loading the sensors. The highly sensitive devices may have a practical use detecting specific biomarkers for medical diagnostic

Breathing molecule discovered: Vital to treating respiratory conditions
Respiratory conditions could be better targeted and treated, thanks to the discovery of the vital molecule which regulates breathing.

‘Solar vapor’ device purifies dirty drinking water
A new way to make nasty or salty water drinkable features carbon-dipped paper. It could be a cheap and efficient option for addressing global drinking water shortages, particularly in developing areas and regions affected by natural disasters. “Using extremely low-cost materials, we have been able to create a system that makes near maximum use of the solar energy during evaporation. At the same t

Transparent gel-based robots can catch and release live fish
Engineers have fabricated transparent, gel-based robots that move when water is pumped in and out of them. The bots can perform a number of fast, forceful tasks, including kicking a ball underwater, and grabbing and releasing a live fish.

Vitamin D discovery could prove key to new treatments for metabolic disorders and certain cancers
Researchers have identified a new way vitamin D helps control the balance of lipids in the body. This key finding could advance development of new treatments for metabolic disorders and certain cancers.

Oil production releases more methane than previously thought
Emissions of methane and ethane from oil production have been substantially higher than previously estimated, particularly before 2005.

A cheaper way to make a WHO-designated essential medicine
A fungal form of meningitis leads to more than 600,000 deaths in Africa every year and is responsible for 20 percent of HIV/AIDS-related deaths globally, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. An existing medicine could help curb these numbers, but its cost has been a barrier to access in some places. Now, scientists report in the ACS journal Organic Process Research & D

Vitamin D discovery could prove key to new treatments
Kyoto University researchers have identified a new way vitamin D helps control the balance of lipids in the body. This key finding could advance development of new treatments for metabolic disorders and certain cancers.

160-Million-Year-Old Pterosaur Ate Like a Flamingo
Researchers have found the earliest filter-feeding pterosaur on record.

How Basic Income Could Unlock Humanity's Altruism and Creativity
Universal Basic Income an expensive system to be sure, but social justice commentator Eva Cox argues that the societal returns will be worth the investment.

Taveuni Island Journal: A Rare Pacific Islander Captivates Its Neighborhood
Tagimoucia, a crimson and white flower, grows mainly on a single mountain ridge in Fiji. It has a magical significance to Fijians.

Fact Check: If You're a Refugee, There's No Tougher Way to Enter the US
David Miliband has said that the hardest way into the US is to enter as a refugee. Is he correct?

Trilobites: Open Wide: Deep-Sea Fishes That Are Built to Eat Big
Food can be scarce in the unusual parts of the ocean where barbeled dragonfish live. Fortunately, they have an unusual joint to help compensate.

Hunting or Angry? Scientists Can't Agree on Odd Octopus Behavior
A wild octopus surprised an Australian diver this week by suddenly, and quite dramatically, inflating itself with water, ballooning up like a parachute.

Bat Bot flies through the air on whisper-thin wings
Aviation A flappy little drone A flexible bat bot successfully flies…

The Numbers Don’t Lie: Self-Driving Cars Are Getting Good
Just a few caveats.

Stone Cold Vodka? Drinking Habit 'Calcifies' Man's Pancreas
A 50-year-old man who drank half a pint of vodka a day for more than a decade developed numerous calcium deposits in his pancreas.

Breeding for Christ: The Religious Right's Political Theater
Politicians have been nurtured to govern for Christ for decades. We're seeing the results.

World's Most Destructive Stone Marten Goes On Display In The Netherlands
The carcass of a marten that shut down the $7 billion Large Hadron Collider last year is the most recent addition to a Dutch exhibit of animals that have had notable interactions with humans. (Image credit: Natural History Museum Rotterdam)

There Are Zero Scientists in the U.S. Senate. This Geneticist Heard the Call
President Trump disagrees with scientific consensus on a number of issues, and currently there are no scientists in the Senate. But geneticist Dr. Michael Eisen plans to change that in 2018.

Social biases contribute to challenges for those with autism
Negative first impressions formed by potential social partners may reduce the quality of social experiences for people with autism, new research concludes. In the study, non-autistic participants reported their first impressions of individuals with autism from videos of them during social interaction.

Gene that protects against inflammatory bowel disease identified
Researchers have identified a gene that protects the gut from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The mouse study found a mutation in the Gatm gene and used CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing technology to confirm this link. The Gatm gene is required for the rapid replenishment of the intestinal mucosal barrier that guards the intestinal wall against inflammation caused by bacteria in the digestive tract, res

The Little Algorithm That Could
A heart failure team is using big data to kick-start a project that is working to improve communication across the continuum of care, and ultimately reduce readmissions for heart failure patients.

The Delusion of Alternative Facts
submitted by /u/burtzev [link] [comments]

Revolutionary approach for treating glioblastoma works with human cells
Researchers describe how human stem cells, made from human skin cells, can hunt down and kill human brain cancer, a critical and monumental step toward clinical trials — and real treatment.

Soccer players with more headers more likely to have concussion symptoms
Soccer players who head the ball a lot are three times more likely to have concussion symptoms than players who don't head the ball often, according to a new study.

Evolving U.S. workforce is central to quality of care, says new research
The rapidly changing U.S. health care system and other forces continue to create a tremendous demand for an innovative and flexible health work force, outlines a new report.

Advanced robotic bat's flight characteristics simulates the real thing
Researchers have developed a self-contained robotic bat — dubbed Bat Bot (B2) — with soft, articulated wings that can mimic the key flight mechanisms of biological bats.

Millions of Charter cable customers lose Univision channels
Spanish-language broadcast network Univision and the company's cable channels have gone dark for millions of Charter customers because of a payment dispute.

Ollie the bobcat gives US zoo the slip
A dash for freedom by an elusive feline from Washington's National Zoo triggered a three-day cat hunt in the nation's capital—and an online sensation—until the search was called off Wednesday, and Ollie the bobcat was declared free.

March for Science Set for Earth Day
Rally backing evidence-based policies planned for April 22 in Washington, D.C., with supporting events around the country —

Researchers break data transfer efficiency record
Researchers have set a new record in the transfer of information via superdense coding, a process by which the properties of particles like photons, protons and electrons are used to store as much information as possible.

Heidelberg Castle revisited
Strikes of lightning, fires, wars – not only ravages of time left their traces on Heidelberg Castle. Today, it is considered one of the most important renaissance buildings north of the Alps. And it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Germany with about 1.1 million visitors from all over the world every year – many of them from English speaking countries and Asia. Now, a researcher

No One Can Replace Peter Capaldi on Doctor Who
Depth, humor, vulnerability-Peter Capaldi's Twelfth Doctor has a combination of qualities few of his predecessors can touch.

Facebook beats Street 4Q earnings, revenue forecasts
Facebook blew past Wall Street's expectations yet again with its quarterly earnings report, despite some concerns that its "ad load," or the number of advertisements it can show users without clogging up their feed, has reached its limit.

Massive lava stream exploding into ocean in Hawaii
A dramatic "firehose" stream of lava is shooting out of a sea cliff on Hawaii Island, splashing into the Pacific Ocean below and exploding upon impact.

Moon Express Reaches Finals In Google Lunar Xprize Competition
The Silicon Valley company, Moon Express, is now a finalist in the $30 million Google Lunar Xprize competition. The company will attempt to place a spacecraft on the moon that could travel on its surface and transmit high definition images. NPR's Ari Shapiro talks to Naveen Jain, one of the founders of Moon Express, about the competition and the future of private space exploration and research.

‘Listen to Evidence’: March for Science Plans Washington Rally on Earth Day
Hoping to mirror the success of the women’s march on Washington last month, the March for Science campaign is planning a demonstration in the capital on Earth Day, April 22.

With Concussion Risk In Soccer, Headers May Kick It Up A Notch
While a large number of the concussions in soccer come from players knocking skulls, heading the ball poses its own threat, a study finds. (Image credit: Roger Weber/Getty Images)

New Quantum-Computer Design Could Lead to Practical Hardware
Scientists have proposed a new way to build a quantum computer using microwaves to control individual atoms, and they say the new method offers a blueprint for a more useful computing machine.

The Physics of Wall Street Revealed: How to Watch Live
University of California, Irvine professor James Weatherall talks about how physics and math play a role in predicting today's stock market.

Amazon Looks to the Sky and Sea to Shake Up Shipping
A new air cargo hub and logistical management of sea freight is complex, expensive—and ultimately worth it.

Neutrons identify critical details in bacterial enzyme implicated in gastric cancer
Neutron analysis at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory is helping researchers better understand a key enzyme found in a bacterium known to cause stomach cancer.

Researchers highlight alarming link between feral pigs and vampire bats
The number of vampire bats, which transmit rabies and are a concern for livestock breeders, may be increasing in Brazil and the Americas along with growth in the populations of invasive feral pigs and wild boars (Sus scrofa).

The shape of melting in two dimensions
Snow falls in winter and melts in spring, but what drives the phase change in between?

Advanced robotic bat's flight characteristics simulates the real thing
Bats have long captured the imaginations of scientists and engineers with their unrivaled agility and maneuvering characteristics, achieved by functionally versatile dynamic wing conformations as well as more than forty active and passive joints on the wings. However, their wing flexibility and complex wing kinematics pose significant technological challenges for robot modelling, design, and contr

Researchers break data transfer efficiency record
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have set a new record in the transfer of information via superdense coding, a process by which the properties of particles like photons, protons and electrons are used to store as much information as possible.

How to stop pain from serious burns using epigenetics
The unpleasant sensation sparked by the nervous system when confronted with a harmful stimulus can be alleviated by blocking a genetic marker that switches off the activity of the neurons involved. A researcher has trialed this innovative pain relief therapy on mice with serious burns. The aim is to use his findings to help burn victims.

Why thick skin develops on our palms and soles, and its links to cancer
Foot callouses/keratoderma (thickened skin) can be linked to cancer of the esophagus (gullet), report researchers.

'Love hormone' from insects as potential drug lead for inhibiting preterm labor
An oxytocin-like neuropeptide ("inotocin") exhibited a specific pharmacological profile for the human receptors of oxytocin (known as the "love hormone") and vasopressin, report scientists at conclusion of their study. At the same time, the researchers were able to show that a synthetic analogue of inotocin serves as a molecular tool for the fundamental understanding of biochemical signalling proc

High-resolution imaging reveals new understanding of battery cathode particles
Using advanced imaging techniques, scientists have been able to observe what exactly happens inside a cathode particle as lithium-ion batteries are charged and discharged.

U.S. Increases Firefighting Aid To Chile As More Than 70 Blazes Rage
At least 13 countries have sent money, equipment and people to help fight wildfires that have killed at least 11 people, including four firefighters. (Image credit: AFP/AFP/Getty Images)

New UK science body appoints chief
Prof Sir Mark Walport has been appointed to head Britain's newly created science funding organisation.

Can Spices Help You Lose Weight?
Can adding spices to your diet charge up your metabolism and speed weight loss? Nutrition Diva has the pros and cons of a new diet fad —

Peacock colors inspire 'greener' way to dye clothes
'Fast fashion' might be cheap, but its high environmental cost from dyes polluting the water near factories has been well documented. To help stem the tide of dyes from entering streams and rivers, scientists report a nonpolluting method to color textiles using 3-D colloidal crystals.

Coordinates of more than 23,000 atoms in technologically important material mapped
Physicists have mapped the coordinates of more than 23,000 individual atoms in a tiny iron-platinum nanoparticle to reveal the material's innate defects. These results demonstrate that the positions of tens of thousands of atoms can be precisely identified and then fed into quantum mechanics calculations to correlate imperfections and defects with material properties at the single-atom level.

Potential new drug class hits multiple cancer cell targets, boosting efficacy and safety
A potential new class of anti-cancer drugs inhibits two or more molecular targets at once, maximizing therapeutic efficiency and safety, report scientists.

Whole-body heat stress lowers exercise capacity, blood flow in men
Prolonged exposure to high temperatures can raise both the skin and core temperature, reducing blood flow to the brain and limbs during exercise and limiting the ability to exercise for long periods, research shows. The study is the first of its kind to separate the effects of skin- versus internal-raised temperature (hyperthermia).

Trump immigration ban upends international work on disease
The ensuing damage to scientific collaborations puts the United States at risk, researchers say. Nature News doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.21420

Environmental Group Sues EPA for Revoking Mercury Protection Rule
The lawsuit accuses the agency of illegally withdrawing a rule that reduces the discharge of mercury from dental offices —

Why The Arctic Apple Means You May Be Seeing More GMOs At The Store
The fruit is one of the first GMOs to be marketed directly to consumers, not at farmers. It's headed to test markets this month. And it's a sign of how the science of genetic engineering is evolving. (Image credit: Courtesy Okanagan Specialty Fruits)

Blood test that detects changes in tumor DNA predicts survival of women with advanced breast cancer
A blood test that spots cancer-linked DNA correctly predicted that most of those patients with higher levels of the tumor markers died significantly earlier than those with lower levels, results of a multicenter study of 129 women with advanced breast cancer show.

Quantum computer 'construction plan' drawn up
Physicists have drawn up construction plans for a large-scale quantum computer.

Millennial generation's learning preferences in medical education examined
The classroom can reflect its students' learning preferences, and a study demonstrates evidence of this in medical education.

The shape of melting in two dimensions
As part of her team's research into matter's tendency to self-organize, a researcher ran a series of hard particle simulations to study melting in two-dimensional (2-D) systems. Specifically, the team explored how particle shape affects the physics of a 2-D solid-to-fluid melting transition.

Drug combination effective against chikungunya arthritis in mice
Chikungunya virus causes a painful, debilitating arthritis for which there is currently no treatment. A new study has found that combining a drug for rheumatoid arthritis with one that targets the chikungunya virus can eliminate the signs of chikungunya arthritis in mice in the earliest stage of the disease.

Scientists reveal potential way of boosting immune system's memory to fight cancer
Scientists have discovered an important way that the immune system can learn to recognize and fight cancers, outlines a new report.

Trilobites: Finding the Speed of Evolution in a Study of Bird Beaks
Much of the variety in the bills of today’s birds evolved long ago, very quickly, a study found, yet bill evolution didn’t slow down over time.

Ancient DNA reveals genetic 'continuity' between Stone Age, modern populations in East Asia
In contrast to Western Europeans, new research finds contemporary East Asians are genetically much closer to the ancient hunter-gatherers that lived in the same region eight thousand years previously.

Increased food assistance benefits could result in fewer ER visits
SNAP benefits reduced the incidence of extreme poverty by 13.2 percent and child poverty by 15.5 percent between 2000 and 2009, research shows. Now, investigators have found that SNAP benefits also may be beneficial in reducing visits to the emergency room, saving money for families, health care facilities and taxpayers.

Why Punxsutawney Phil lives in a burrow
Groundhog Day, which arrives on Thursday, February 2, has been a tradition for nearly 130 years. Supposedly, the groundhog can predict whether spring will arrive early or winter will drag on. Punxsutawney Phil—the name given to groundhogs during an event held in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania—”predicts” the upcoming season based on whether or not he can see his shadow. John L. Koprowski, a professor

Tech Can Do More to Help Survivors of Abuse. Here’s Where to Start
New research codifies a framework for the type of tools survivors need to protect their digital security and privacy from an abusive intimate partner.

Spill-Proof Cups Aren’t Magic—They’re Physics!
There is a popular mug that doesn't spill. Here's how it might work, along with an estimate of the maximum tipping force to knock it over.

WIRED Book Club: Nnedi Okorafor Finds Inspiration Everywhere—Including Jellyfish
The sequel to Nnedi Okorafor's Hugo-winning book 'Binti' doesn't do the expected. And that's the point.

Drilling into heart of Iceland volcano complete
Geologists in Iceland have drilled deeper into a volcano than ever before, reaching a depth of 4,659m.

This State Is the Nation's Happiest, for the 6th Time in Annual Poll
A new poll from Gallup-Healthways shows which states had the highest and lowest well-being in 2016.

Scientists Untangle the Soy-Breast Cancer Paradox
To eat soy or not: That's the question many U.S. women have been asking.

The Happiest States in 2016: Full List
Here's how each state ranked in a new national survey of well-being from Gallup-Healthways.

"Tabt kontinent” er fundet i Det Indiske Ocean
Ældgamle krystaller afslører en af havets store hemmeligheder.

Certainty in complex scientific research an unachievable goal
A study on uncertainty in research could shed light on anomalies that arose in early attempts to discover the Higgs boson, and even how polls failed to predict the election of Donald Trump. The study suggests that research in some of the more complex scientific disciplines, such as medicine or particle physics, often doesn't eliminate uncertainties to the extent we might expect, due to a tendency

Physicists propose football-pitch-sized quantum computer
Blueprint outlines ambitious scheme to solve uncrackable problems using existing technology. Nature News doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.21423

Bat-inspired robot swoops and dives like the real thing
A lightweight drone with features mimicking the wings of bats is an agile flyer and could be used to monitor safety risks at construction sites

'Bat Bot' Can Pull Off Impressive Aerial Acrobatics
Whether they're swooping around to catch dinner or delicately hanging upside down to sleep, bats are known for their acrobatic prowess. Now, scientists have created a robot inspired by these flying creatures.

Open Wide! Scientists Find the Secret to Dragonfishes’ Gaping Jaw | Video
Deep-sea dragonfish are known for their prominent, fearsome jaws, but they can also stretch their jaws extremely wide — up to 120 degrees.

Food and beverage industry marketing kids to 'death'
Marketing is big business and it is sophisticated. Millions of dollars are spent targeting children and youth through multiple channels including TV and online and in multiple settings. New research reveals that over 90% of food and beverage product ads viewed by kids and teens online are for unhealthy products, and collectively kids between the ages of two and 11 see 25 million food and beverage

Researchers flip script for Li-Ion electrolytes to simulate better batteries
Scientists have used the Cray XK7 Titan supercomputer to identify new electrolyte materials with promising properties for lithium-ion conduction in batteries.

Background suppression for super-resolution light microscopy
Researchers have developed a new fluorescence microscopy method: STEDD (Stimulation Emission Double Depletion) nanoscopy produces images of highest resolution with suppressed background. The new method yields an enhanced image quality, which is advantageous when analyzing three-dimensional, densely arranged subcellular structures.

New technology to watch the sea in 3D
Looking at waves in the open sea with 'electronic eyes', so as to reconstruct it in 3D, scientists found that exceptionally high waves are more common than previously assumed by theoretical models.

Oldest Prostate Stones Ever Found Suggest a Man Was in Agony 12,000 Years Ago
The discovery in an ancient cemetery in Sudan reveal the disease has been affecting men for millennia.

Ancient DNA reveals 'continuity' between Stone Age and modern populations in East Asia
Researchers working on ancient DNA extracted from human remains interred almost 8,000 years ago in a cave in the Russian Far East have found that the genetic makeup of certain modern East Asian populations closely resemble that of their hunter-gatherer ancestors.

Research finds evidence of 2 billion years of volcanic activity on Mars
Analysis of a Martian meteorite found in Africa in 2012 has uncovered evidence of at least 2 billion years of volcanic activity on Mars. This confirms that some of the longest-lived volcanoes in the solar system may be found on the Red Planet.

Dolphins following shrimp trawlers cluster in social groups
Bottlenose dolphins near Savannah, Georgia are split into social groups according to whether or not they forage behind commercial shrimp trawlers, according to a study published February 1, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Tara Cox from Savannah State University, USA, and colleagues.

Older adults who take many medications have a higher risk for becoming frail
Recently, a team of researchers examined information from a large study of older adults to learn how taking more than five medicines might affect frailty in older adults.

Shape of prostate and compartments within may serve as cancer indicators
Preliminary computerized imaging reveals the shape of the prostate and a compartment within the gland — called the transitional zone — consistently differ in men with prostate cancer than those without the disease, according to new research.

Scientists discover peptide that could reduce the incidence of RSV-related asthma
Researchers have found that a peptide, called STAT6-IP, when delivered to the lungs of neonatal mice at the time of first RSV exposure reduces the development of allergic-type lung inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness ('twitchy' airways) in mice when they are 're-challenged' with RSV as young adults.

New type of PET imaging identifies primary and metastatic prostate cancer
Researchers document the first-in-human application of a new imaging agent to help find prostate cancer in both early and advanced stages and plan treatment. The study indicates that the new agent — a PET radiotracer — is both safe and effective.

Controlling electron spin makes water splitting more efficient
One of the main obstacles in the production of hydrogen through water splitting is that hydrogen peroxide is also formed, which affects the efficiency stability of the reaction and the stability of the production. Researchers have now succeeded in controlling the spin of electrons in the reaction and thereby almost fully suppress the production of hydrogen peroxide.

Low socioeconomic status reduces life expectancy and should be counted as a major risk factor in health policy, study says
Low socioeconomic status is linked to significant reductions in life expectancy and should be considered a major risk factor for ill health and early death in national and global health policies, according to a study of 1.7 million people.

Atlanta Falcons predicted to win Super Bowl
The Atlanta Falcons will defeat the New England Patriots in Super Bowl 51. This prediction comes from a researcher who backs his claim with seven years of National Football League (NFL) data and statistics.

Botnets Could Meet Their Match in Robot Hackers
Software called Mayhem that won a $2 million Pentagon hacking prize is being prepared to go to work fixing up the Internet.

The Battle Between Science and Religion Is a Fake
Francis Collins of the NIH suggests there's no conflict between science and religion because they ask different questions.

Poor metabolic health in some normal-weight women may increase risk for colorectal cancer
Among postmenopausal women who were normal weight, those who were metabolically unhealthy had a significantly increased risk for colorectal cancer compared with those who were metabolically healthy, report investigators.

Self-driving car prototypes need less human help, data show
Self-driving car prototypes appear to be getting better at negotiating California streets and highways without a human backup driver intervening, according to data made public Wednesday by California transportation regulators.

Lung ultrasound can help doctors see other diseases that mask as lethal clots in lung
Lung ultrasound can show alternative diagnoses and should be considered when evaluating patients with suspected pulmonary embolism, say experts.

Forskere skaber 3D-billede af 23.000 atomer i en nanopartikel
Forskere har lokaliseret, hvor atomerne i en partikel af jern og platin er placeret med uhørt nøjagtighed.

Dutch ballots to be counted by hand amid hacking fears
The Dutch government announced Wednesday it is scrapping computer software used to tally and transmit election results amid reports that the software is outdated and could easily be hacked.

Science and the US Supreme Court: The cases to watch in 2017
Drug patents and environmental regulations feature in upcoming court cases as Trump nominates a justice. Nature News doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.21419

All In: Artificial Intelligence Beats the World's Best Poker Players
Artificial intelligence has bested the world's top poker players in a 120,000-hand match of Heads-Up, No-Limit Texas Hold'em poker.

A painful reminder for Donald Trump of why torture is pointless
The US president wants to revive torture for terror suspects, but we have known for millennia that it is no way to get at the truth, says Shane O’Mara

Water spotted in the atmosphere of nearby hot Jupiter exoplanet
Astronomers have detected water vapour in the atmosphere of 51 Pegasi b – which lies just 50 light years away

Clinic claims it has used stem cells to treat Down's syndrome
A clinic in India says it has used stem cells to treat Down’s syndrome in up to 14 people, but the announcement has alarmed independent researchers

Ants with fussy personalities help colonies find better homes
Forget ants all being mindless clones. Fussy individuals that learn from past experience are crucial for helping a colony choose the right place to live

How birds of a feather evolved together
Research shows how birds acquired beaks of all shapes and sizes over millions of years of evolution.

Indian children died after 'eating lychees on empty stomach'
Hundreds of children died due to eating the fruit on an empty stomach, research says.

Scientists determine precise 3-D location, identity of all 23,000 atoms in a nanoparticle
Scientists used one of the world's most powerful electron microscopes to map the precise location and chemical type of 23,000 atoms in an extremely small particle made of iron and platinum.

These gorgeous photos of Saturn’s rings are Cassini’s 'Grand Finale'
Space NASA is collecting new info about the particles orbiting the gas giant In the last few months of its mission, Cassini is collecting an unprecedented amount of detail…

Race to Provide Commercial Weather Data Heats Up
A movement to privatize Earth-observing satellites is gaining ground —

Clinical massage, guided imagery show promise as tools to relieve pain, anxiety and insomnia for hospitalized patients
Patients’ self-reported pain and anxiety scores improved immediately after a clinical massage, while other patients who listened to a guided-imagery recording found the intervention to be very helpful, reporting improvements in pain, anxiety and insomnia, shows new research.

Big data brings breast cancer research forwards by 'decades'
Scientists have created a ‘map’ linking the shape of breast cancer cells to genes turned on and off, and matched it to real disease outcomes, which could one day help doctors select treatments, according to a study.

Searching for a better way to breed chickpeas
The small but mighty chickpea packs a dietary and environmental punch. They are an important source of nutrition, especially protein, for billions of people across the world. Additionally, bacteria that live in root nodules of chickpea plants pull in atmospheric nitrogen, increasing soil productivity.

Coal mine dust lowers spectral reflectance of Arctic snow by up to 84 percent
Dust released by an active coal mine in Svalbard, Norway, reduced the spectral reflectance of nearby snow and ice by up to 84 percent, according to new research.

Making health information and counselling understandable for patients in Germany
Practice guidelines for the health professions have now been developed by experts.

This crude oil ingredient hurts tuna hearts
Scientists have identified a substance in oil that’s to blame for the cardiotoxicity seen in fish exposed to crude oil spills. And, more than a hazard for marine life exposed to oil, the contaminant is abundant in air pollution and could pose a global threat to human health. The pollutant, phenanthrene, is a type of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). Due to widespread use of petroleum, PAHs a

Why Do Groundhogs Emerge on Feb. 2, Really?
Research into groundhog biology shows they have other priorities in early February than predicting winter and mingling with the people of Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania.

Targeting Parkinson's-linked protein could neutralize two of the disease's causes
Researchers report they have discovered how two problem proteins known to cause Parkinson's disease are chemically linked, suggesting that someday, both could be neutralized by a single drug designed to target the link.

Teens, young adults explore differently
Adolescents don't necessarily have 'faulty' decision-making, psychologists have discovered. They simply value different kinds of information. The researchers found that young adults do more 'directed exploration,' or exploration driven by information seeking, than teens.

Genetically modified insects could disrupt international food trade
Genetically modified organisms for pest control could end up as contaminants in agricultural products throughout the globe.

Marine ecosystems show resilience to climate disturbance
Climate-driven disturbances are having profound impacts on coastal ecosystems, with many crucial habitat-forming species in sharp decline. However, among these degraded biomes, examples of resilience are emerging.

More providers of safe abortion care can save thousands of women's lives
A change in attitudes, increased knowledge and more non-physician healthcare providers trained to perform safe abortions – this is the recipe for increasing the number of caregivers offering abortion care and fighting global maternal mortality, according to a doctoral thesis on abortion care in India, Sweden and elsewhere. Unsafe terminations claim tens of thousands of lives, particularly in the p

Important submarine canyons ecosystems are at risk
A recent review of studies of submarine canyons has identified that they are at risk from human activities, and require better protection.

IceCube Closes in on Mysterious Nature of Neutrinos
The Antarctica-based observatory has found hints of strange patterns in the ghostly particles' masses —

Coastal wetlands excel at storing carbon
While coastal wetlands serve as effective 'blue carbon' storage reservoirs for carbon dioxide, other marine ecosystems do not store carbon for long periods of time, a new analysis suggests.

Understanding when eating soy might help or harm in breast cancer treatment
Researchers have used animal models to reveal new information about the impact — positive and negative — that soy consumption could have on a common breast cancer treatment.

Closer look at what caused the Flint water crisis
Flint, Michigan, continues to grapple with the public health crisis that unfolded as lead levels in its tap water spiked to alarming levels. Now the scientists who helped uncover the crisis have tested galvanized iron pipes extracted from the 'ground zero' house. They confirm that the lead that had accumulated on the interior surface of the pipes was the most likely source of the lead contaminatio

In Trump, Tech Finds a Troll It Can’t Ignore
The President presents an impossible, if familiar, question: How do you respond when a system that you respect produces a result that you cannot?

Reboot hjalp ikke: Stor hollandsk lufthavn plaget af 'alvorlige computerproblemer' Schiphol-lufthavnen ved Amsterdam er ramt af alvorlige computerproblemer. Version2

Chimps Kill, Mutilate and Cannibalize Member of Own Group
A male chimpanzee named Foudouko met a horrific end when members of his former community in the wild in Senegal attacked and killed him, then mutilated and partly cannibalized his body, a new study finds.

US turmoil, oil pipelines and a treason arrest
The week in science: 27 January–2 February 2017. Nature 542 10 doi: 10.1038/542010a

Novel liquid crystal could triple sharpness of today's televisions
An international team of researchers has developed a new blue-phase liquid crystal that could enable televisions, computer screens and other displays that pack more pixels into the same space while also reducing the power needed to run the device. The new liquid crystal is optimized for field-sequential color liquid crystal displays (LCDs), a promising technology for next-generation displays.

Climate change scientists should think more about sex
Climate change can have a different impact on male and female fish, shellfish and other marine animals, with widespread implications for the future of marine life and the production of seafood.

A lure at both ends: Puff adders leave nothing to chance
By capturing and analysing thousands of hours of video footage of puff adders hunting in the wild, researchers have shown that puff adders use what is termed 'lingual luring' to attract amphibian prey closer and increase the odds of catching it.

House Science Panel to Hold Hearing on "Making the EPA Great Again"
The hearing will likely include discussion of the Secret Science Reform Act, which scores of scientific organizations oppose —

What Trump’s US Supreme Court pick means for women’s health
Neil Gorsuch, nominated to the vacancy on America's highest court, has a record of hostility to reproductive rights, says Christina Cauterucci

Better sleep can lead to better sex
Sleep disturbance is common for many women during menopause, creating an array of adverse health outcomes such as heart disease, hypertension, and depression. A new study shows that sleep problems can also interfere with a woman's level of sexual satisfaction.

Older Canadians skip meds due to cost, putting them at risk for complications
One in 12 Canadians aged 55 and older skipped prescriptions due to cost in 2014, the second-highest rate among comparable countries, new research has found.

Dextrose gel means newborns get to stay with mom
Newborns with hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, are becoming more common worldwide. Treatments can require mother and baby to be separated for hours or days at a time, which interferes with bonding and breastfeeding. New research shows that a dose of dextrose gel administered into a baby’s cheek, along with regular feedings can raise blood sugar, allowing the babies to stay with their mothers. Be

How to get better at the things you care about | Eduardo Briceño
Working hard but not improving? You're not alone. Eduardo Briceño reveals a simple way to think about getting better at the things you do, whether that's work, parenting or creative hobbies. And he shares some useful techniques so you can keep learning and always feel like you're moving forward.

Researchers flip script for Li-Ion electrolytes to simulate better batteries
Ever since Italian physicist Alessandro Volta invented the first battery out of a stack of copper and zinc disks separated by moistened cardboard, scientists have been searching for better battery materials.

Early signs of anxiety, depression may be evident in the brains of newborns
Early predictors of anxiety and depression may be evident in the brain even at birth, suggests a new study.

Animals retain long-term memory of the biggest and best sources of food
New research shows that red-footed tortoises can remember the location of their favorite food sources and the biggest stashes for at least 18 months.

An impulsive cognitive style comes with implications, researchers say
A new study finds a wide range of subtle but measurable tendencies in the thinking of people who would rather snatch a quick reward than wait for a bigger one.

Gull decline on Scottish island linked to decline in fishing discards
New research shows a population of large gulls in Scotland failed to thrive as the fish catch landed by the local fishing fleet fell.

Boston Dynamics Has a New “Nightmare-Inducing” Robot
The makers of some of the world’s most impressive robots usually develop machines that walk—adding wheels has resulted in something fast, and frightening.

What It Would Take to Reach the Stars
A wild plan is taking shape to visit the nearest planet outside our Solar System. Here’s how we could get to Proxima b —

Reporters' spy saga gives glimpse of UK surveillance culture
British journalist Julia Breen's scoop about racism at her local police force didn't just get her on the front page, it got her put under surveillance.

Coal mine dust hastens Arctic snow melt
Dust released by an active coal mine in Svalbard, Norway, reduced the spectral reflectance of nearby snow and ice by up to 84 percent, according to new University of Colorado Boulder-led research.

Boom or bust for post-Brexit Britain? UK politicians are split
There are significant differences between Leave and Remain MPs in what they want out of Brexit negotiations, according to polling conducted for The Mile End Institute, Queen Mary University of London and The UK in a Changing Europe.

Sandia's solar glitter closer to market with new licensing agreement
An Albuquerque company founded by a Sandia National Laboratories scientist-turned-entrepreneur has received a license for a "home-grown" technology that could revolutionize the way solar energy is collected and used. The licensing agreement was signed Jan. 23 between mPower Technology Inc. and Sandia for microsystems enabled photovoltaics (MEPV).

MIT Made a Wearable That Knows How a Conversation’s Going
Researchers from MIT CSAIL are using artificial intelligence to translate how people feel when they talk.

Extensive use of fluorinated chemicals in fast food wrappers: Chemicals can leach into food
Previous studies have linked the chemicals to kidney and testicular cancers, thyroid disease, low birth weight and immunotoxicity in children, among other health issues.

Celestial cat meets cosmic lobster
Astronomers have for a long time studied the glowing, cosmic clouds of gas and dust catalogued as NGC 6334 and NGC 6357, this gigantic new image from ESO's Very Large Telescope Survey Telescope being only the most recent one. With around two billion pixels this is one of the largest images ever released by ESO. The evocative shapes of the clouds have led to their memorable names: the Cat's Paw Neb

Certainty in complex scientific research an unachievable goal
A University of Toronto study on uncertainty in scientific research could shed light on anomalies that arose in early attempts to discover the Higgs boson and even how polls failed to predict the outcome of Donald Trump winning the U.S. presidential election.

Novel liquid crystal could triple sharpness of today's televisions
An international team of researchers has developed a new blue-phase liquid crystal that could enable televisions, computer screens and other displays that pack more pixels into the same space while also reducing the power needed to run the device. The new liquid crystal is optimized for field-sequential color liquid crystal displays (LCDs), a promising technology for next-generation displays.

Manden bag Maabjerg-anlæg: »Vi er rigtig glade for landbrugspakken«
MEC Biogas i Holstebro har i årevis ageret i en virkelighed med skrappe fosforlofter. Nu rykker resten af landet i samme retning.

Peacock colors inspire 'greener' way to dye clothes
"Fast fashion" might be cheap, but its high environmental cost from dyes polluting the water near factories has been well documented. To help stem the tide of dyes from entering streams and rivers, scientists report in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces a nonpolluting method to color textiles using 3-D colloidal crystals.

Cocktail of bacteria-killing viruses prevents cholera infection in animal models
Oral administration of a cocktail of three viruses, all of which specifically kill cholera bacteria, prevents infection and cholera-like symptoms in animal model experiments, report scientists from Tufts University School of Medicine (TUSM) and the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences at Tufts in Nature Communications on Feb. 1. The findings are the first to demonstrate the potential eff

A Journey into the Pacific Garbage Patch [Slide Show
] —

Sea Unworthy: A Personal Journey into the Pacific Garbage Patch [Slide Show
]More plastic in the oceans, found at greater depths than thought, would mean a bigger threat to environmental—and possibly human—health —

See in slow-mo: Frog snags cricket with ‘bungee cord’ tongue
A frog uses its whip-like tongue to snag its prey faster than a human can blink, hitting it with a force five times greater than gravity. How does it hang on to its meal as the food rockets back into its mouth? The stickiness is caused by a unique reversible saliva in combination with a super soft tongue. A frog’s saliva is thick and sticky during prey capture, then turns thin and watery as prey

What it would take to reach the stars
A wild plan is taking shape to visit the nearest planet outside our Solar System. Here’s how we could get to Proxima b. Nature 542 20 doi: 10.1038/542020a

5 Comics You Absolutely Must Pick Up This Month
Batwoman, black history, and backwards fairy tales—these are the comics you must read in February.

Nej, det bliver ikke gratis at bruge løs af mobildata i udlandet
Trods EU's nye roaming-aftale kommer der loft over, hvor meget data mobilkunderne må benytte i udlandet uden at skulle betale ekstra. Men ordningen bliver alligevel så dyr for teleselskaberne, så der kommer abonnementer helt uden roaming.

£1 million prize for engineers who invented digital camera tech
The 2017 Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering goes to four technologists whose work has led to cameras used in everything from astronomy to smartphones

New study shows how plants fight off disease
A new study has highlighted the minute details of how the plant's immune system leads to its ability to resist disease. Researchers said the finding was significant as food security was an increasingly relevant problem worldwide.

Genomic tools for species discovery inflate estimates of species numbers, biologists contend
Increasingly popular techniques that infer species boundaries in animals and plants solely by analyzing genetic differences are flawed and can lead to inflated diversity estimates, according to a new study.

Simple intervention proves effective in reducing suicide among active-duty soldiers
A new study's findings show there was a 75 percent reduction in suicide attempts among participants who engaged in crisis response planning versus a contract for safety. Crisis response planning also was associated with a significantly faster decline in suicidal thoughts and fewer inpatient hospitalization days.

The Download, Feb 1, 2017: Energy Research Threats, AI Assistants With Screens, and Scented VR
The most fascinating and important news in technology and innovation delivered straight to your inbox, every day.

Scientists uncover universal features of 'first passage under restart'
(—Discovering the ways in which many seemingly diverse phenomena are related is one of the overarching goals of scientific inquiry, since universality often allows an insight in one area to be extended to many other areas.

Republikanerne vil trække USA's milliardstøtte til FN’s klimapolitik
USA bruger for mange skattepenge på initiativer mod klimaforandringer, mener republikanerne, der derfor har fremsat lovforslag om at droppe alle bidrag til FN’s klima-initiativer.

Some Pittsburgh schools closed for the day over water issue
Insufficient chlorine in Pittsburgh's public water supply led to the closure Wednesday of nearly two dozen grade schools and a boil-water advisory in neighborhoods that include the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University.

Banks hold major information advantage over other investors
Maybe Gordon Gekko was right when he said that information was the most valuable commodity of all. A new study showing major investment advantages for banks in countries where public economic data is scarce seems to support that claim by the fictional corporate raider in the 1987 movie Wall Street.

FAU first to video newly discovered population of monkeys thought to be nearing extinction
If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it, does it still make a sound? Not only does the tree make a sound, so do the creatures inhabiting the forest—or in this case—the rainforest deep in the heart of Africa. Using remote sensing cameras and sound recorders, researchers from Florida Atlantic University are the first to capture rare video footage of a newly discovered population

Highly sensitive gas sensors for volatile organic compound detection
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are a group of carbon-based chemicals with low evaporation or vaporization points. Some VOCs are harmful to animal or environmental health so sensing these gasses is important for maintaining health and safety. VOCs also occur in nature and can be useful in medical diagnostics, which require highly sensitive sensors to be effective.

Æbleslægtsforskere finder overraskende stamtræ
Der er ikke meget dansk over de kendte og elskede danske æblers stamtræ, som vi ellers før…

Oil production releases more methane than previously thought
Global methane and ethane emissions from oil production from 1980 to 2012 were far higher than previous estimates show, according to a new study which for the first time takes into account different production management systems and geological conditions around the world.

Sohei Nishino Melds Maps and Photos Into Fabulous Memories of Great Cities
These enormous photomontages burst with unexpected scales, moments, and juxtapositions.

The Chemical Engineer Who’ll School You on Coffee
A chemical engineer is developing a center for coffee research to study sustainability, chemical makeup, and preparation protocols.

Tiny spacecraft could brake at exoplanet using alien starlight
Lightweight solar sails could bring spacecraft to the nearest star in just 20 years – but hitting the brakes will be challenging. A new paper suggests using the stars themselves to park around their planets

Water detected in the atmosphere of hot Jupiter exoplanet 51 Pegasi b
(—Astronomers have detected the presence of water molecules in the atmosphere of a nearby hot Jupiter exoplanet known as 51 Pegasi b (51 Peb b for short). The discovery sheds new light on the nature of the exoworld's atmosphere and indicates that the star-planet system is a double-lined spectroscopic binary. The findings were presented Jan. 25 in a paper published on

Trump Immigration Ban Can Worsen U.S. Doctor Shortage, Hurt Hospitals
Thousands of U.S. physicians and medical students from banned countries may leave hospitals without staff —

The developing world needs more than numbers
Policymakers should read the contents of published papers and not just count them, says Dyna Rochmyaningsih. Nature 542 7 doi: 10.1038/542007a

Seafloor robot breaks a world record and reveals new data for climate change modeling
Imagine if a car, a computer, or a battery-operated appliance could work reliably without maintenance for an entire year of operation. Also imagine that device being lowered into the ocean to free fall 4,000 meters to the seafloor, land upright, and travel across the seafloor autonomously while collecting scientific data for an entire year.

Scientists just found a 500-million-year-old worm with legs
Science A standing ovation The imprint in the stone looks like the shadow of a flattened shrimp.

Britisk smart city-ekspert: Danmark udnytter ikke sit potentiale
Intelligent by-projekter fokuserer for meget på teknologien og for lidt på deres formål, lyder kritikken fra flere sider.

HD-nærbilleder bringer os tæt på Saturns flotte ringe
Rumsonden Cassini har sat kursen mod sit brændende endeligt. På vejen tager den billeder.

Important submarine canyons ecosystems are at risk
A recent review of studies of submarine canyons has identified that they are at risk from human activities, and require better protection.

Image: NASA sees fires still dotting U.S. Southeast
The fires in the southeast were in the news a few months ago when flames ripped through Gatlinburg, Tennessee, as well as Alabama, Georgia, and North Carolina.

Traces of Oxygen on the Moon Come from Earth's Plants
Earth's biosphere has bathed the lunar surface for billions of years —

If Earth's orbit is so crowded, why don't we see space junk in photos of the Earth?
Space It’s a matter of perspective Sometimes, when we post a cool picture of the Earth taken from space, Popular Science gets questions about why—if there's so much garbage in space—we don't see a…

NY attorney general sues internet provider over speed claims
New York's attorney general has filed a lawsuit against Charter Communications alleging that the cable and internet provider failed to deliver on promised internet speeds and reliability.

Animals retain long-term memory of the biggest and best sources of food
New research shows that red-footed tortoises can remember the location of their favourite food sources and the biggest stashes for at least 18 months.

How a larger windscreen could improve lorry safety
The size of a lorry's windscreen can have a dramatic impact on the safety of other road users, according to a series of experiments conducted by psychologists at the University of Leeds.

As refugee camps swell, project aims to bring toilets into individual homes
One of the most humiliating realities for Middle Eastern refugees involves a basic human need: going to the bathroom. At camps like Zaatari in Jordan, people walk miles and wait in endless lines to use unsanitary facilities, raising the possibility of disease.

New project transforms social housing into energy efficient smart homes
A ground-breaking pilot scheme transforming social housing into energy efficient smart homes has seen energy consumption slashed by over 80 per cent.

£1m Queen Elizabeth Prize: Digital camera tech lauded
The inventors of digital camera technology win the highest international prize for engineering.

Nem metode til at trække fosfor ud af gyllen forduftede med krisen
Der var store forventninger til gylleseparering, der kan trække værdifuld fosfor ud af gyllen. Men finanskrisen kom i vejen. Nu kan landbrugspakken til gengæld sætte skub i teknologien.

Background suppression for super-resolution light microscopy
Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have developed a new fluorescence microscopy method: STEDD (Stimulation Emission Double Depletion) nanoscopy produces images of highest resolution with suppressed background. The new method yields an enhanced image quality, which is advantageous when analyzing three-dimensional, densely arranged subcellular structures. STEDD, a further develop

Scientists grade climate risk for investors
A new report by CICERO Climate Finance identifies the biggest risks of climate change for investors. The report finds that some impacts are already happening earlier than anticipated and new ones are expected in the time horizon used by investors.

New technology to watch the sea in 3-D
Looking at waves in the open sea with 'electronic eyes', so as to reconstruct it in 3-D, scientists at Ca' Foscari University of Venice and the Institute of Marine Sciences of the National Research Council (Ismar-Cnr) found that exceptionally high waves are more common than previously assumed by theoretical models.

'Dieselgate' drags on for VW and Bosch with new payouts
German carmaker Volkswagen and auto parts supplier Bosch on Wednesday announced payouts to US buyers of vehicles affected by the "dieselgate" scandal, in a bid to put the American chapter of the tale behind them.

Communicating with the Locked In (update)
Undoubtedly one of the worst neurological syndromes we confront is the locked-in syndrome (LIS). This can result from a stroke or other brain damage in which the thinking part of the brain is intact and functioning – the patient is awake – but the brainstem is damaged so that their brain cannot communicate with the rest of their body. They are essentially paralyzed below the eyes. In LIS some eye

Hvornår opnås den bedste natur i nye søer?
I de sidste 30 år er der skabt omkring 50 nye større søer i Danmark for at forbedre…

Tesla, BMW electrics fall short of highest crash-test rating
Two luxury electric vehicles—the Tesla Model S and the BMW i3—fell short of getting the highest safety ratings in new crash tests by the insurance industry.

Tiny component of cells indicates size of overall animal
A tiny speck inside the cells of a tiny worm is shedding new light on the underlying mechanism that determines the size of various organisms.

Advanced drought and flood risk monitoring program for environmentally vulnerable regions
At a vegetable farm in West Africa, where the planting is done by hand, questions about weather boil down to the most urgent question of all: Will the rains be good or bad?

A closer look at what caused the Flint water crisis
Flint, Michigan, continues to grapple with the public health crisis that unfolded as lead levels in its tap water spiked to alarming levels. Now the scientists who helped uncover the crisis have tested galvanized iron pipes extracted from the "ground zero" house. They confirm in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology that the lead that had accumulated on the interior surface of the pip

Salt concentrations in ice cores could unveil DO events' recipe
It is one thing to know that Earth has already faced abrupt climate changes—also known as Dansgaard–Oeschger (DO) events—in the past. But finding out the reasons for these dramatic and rather short term changes is another story, one that Dr Rachael Rhodes from the University of Cambridge is reconstructing using chemistry records from ice cores taken from Greenland.

699 tons of SLAC's accelerator removed for upgrade
For the first time in more than 50 years, a door that is opened at the western end of the historic linear accelerator at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory casts light on four empty walls stretching as far as the eye can see.

Puff adder snakes use 'lingual luring' to attract amphibian prey closer
One of Africa's iconic snakes, the puff adder use what is termed "lingual luring" to attract amphibian prey closer, and increase the odds of catching it.

Political climate creates unfamiliar territory for brands like Uber, Starbucks, marketing scholar says
The political climate has created unfamiliar territory for some of the most well-recognized global brands, said a University of Kansas researcher of marketing and consumer behavior.

Coal burning linked to toxic contaminants found in raccoons
Coal-burning power plants produce more than half of the electricity in the U.S., and they generate huge amounts of coal ash in the process. One type of coal ash is a fine, powdery particle called fly ash, which for many years was treated as waste and disposed of in landfills.

Taranaki's unusual earthquakes
New research from Victoria University of Wellington suggests a cluster of deep earthquakes beneath Taranaki may provide a vital clue to understanding how New Zealand's landmass was created.

Britain to lose Northern Lights due to solar winds of change
Britain may lose the magic of the Northern Lights by the middle of the century due to major shifts in solar activity, scientists have discovered.

The man who invented popular science used a 17th-century version of clickbait
We are living in a golden age of popular science. Multiple television and radio programmes, best-selling books, well-attended science festivals around the world – all reveal the apparently limitless public appetite for learning about science.

A rusty green early ocean?
How were Earth's solid deposits of iron ore created? One researchers suggests that, billions of years ago, "green rust" formed in seawater and sank to the ocean bed, becoming an original source of banded iron formations. While this would have been just one means of iron deposition, green rust seems to have delivered a large proportion of iron to our early ocean.

A down-to-Earth approach to understanding gravity
What more is there to say about gravity? Extensive astronomical observations by Galileo and Tycho Brahe laid the foundations for Kepler to formulate his laws of planetary motion and then for Newton to come up with his theory of gravity. In the twentieth century Einstein recognised that the universe is not a clockwork machine and that it has no fixed frame of reference, everything is relative. Then

Austerity was not main cause of Ireland's economic recovery, book says
Ireland should not be held up as a success story for economic austerity as its recovery was also driven by other factors that could not be replicated elsewhere, a new book says.

White blood cells get pushy to reach infection
How do white blood cells — the immune cells that race to the sites of infection and inflammation — actually get to their targets? The research has revealed that the white blood cells actually force their way through the blood vessel walls to reach the infection, creating large holes.

Programmed proteins might help prevent malaria
Malaria is still a global scourge, killing mostly children in tropical regions. Developing an affordable vaccine that can stay stable without refrigeration is a challenge. Now, a lab has reprogrammed proteins in such a way that they could lead to an inexpensive vaccine that can be stored at room temperature.

Children’s BMI can predict future weight, study shows
Children’s BMI can predict future weight, suggests a new study. Data with length and weight of just over 4,700 children, from birth to age eight, was used. To obtain reliable analyses, at least four measurements on each individual child were performed. Overall, this resulted in nearly 38,000 measurements.

DNA reveals seasonally shifting populations in an iconic Snowdonia lake
An iconic lake at the foot of Mount Snowdon has played a vital role in improving how lakes and rivers can be monitored in the future.

Automatically darkening windows in a wide range of colors
Electrochromic glass darkens automatically when the sun shines and keeps the heat out. Previously it was available only in blue, and switching times were also long. Now, a new process makes it possible to manufacture other glass colors for the first time. And compared to previous models, switching is nearly ten times faster.

New species of dicynodont from the Karoo Basin of South Africa
Let's go back to the Permian period, around 260 million years. Life was quite blissful, with no dinosaurs tearing up the turf as of yet.

Nucleolus forms via combination of active and passive processes
Researchers at Princeton found that the nucleolus, a cellular organelle involved in RNA synthesis, assembles in part through the passive process of phase separation – the same type of process that causes oil to separate from water. The study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, is the first to show that this happens in living, intact cells.

Why Bill Belichick cast down his tablet
As the New England Patriots' 10th appearance in a Super Bowl approaches, sports fans are eager to see the legendary pairing of quarterback Tom Brady and head coach Bill Belichick take on the Atlanta Falcons. Whatever the Patriots accomplish, though, won't be thanks to all that fancy new technology assisting the Falcons and other NFL teams.

Very low levels of bad cholesterol well-tolerated in heart disease patients
Heart disease patients taking PCSK9 inhibitors to achieve very low levels of cholesterol do not experience an increase in adverse events, including memory impairment or nervous system disorders, but may have an increased risk of cataracts, according to a study.

The Evolution of Human Metabolism
Our metabolic engine fueled the emergence of hallmark traits —

Consumers have poor understanding of tracking methods used by online advertisers
A recent study published by researchers from the School of Information Studies (iSchool) reveals that the general public has a poor understanding of the workings of online behavioral advertising, and the privacy implications behind the information that advertisers gather.

New research shows 89% of newspaper reading is still in print
New research shows that 89 per cent of the time audiences spend with national newspapers is still in print, with just 7 per cent via mobile devices and 4 per cent via PCs.

A new tool to study galaxy evolution
RemoveYoung is a new tool developed by Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço (IA) astronomers Jean Michel Gomes and Polychronis Papaderos. It is designed to suppress the luminosity contribution of young stars from galaxy images. This new tool was presented yesterday by Gomes in an advanced course on stellar populations in galaxies, at the Institute of Astronomy of the University of Vienna.

Forskning går i kødet på dårlig fiskesmag
Kvaliteten af opdrættede ferskvandsfisk er forringet på grund af mikroorganismer i vandet,…

Complex 3-D data on all devices
A new web-based software platform is swiftly bringing the visualization of 3-D data to every device, optimizing the use of, for example, virtual reality and augmented reality in industry. In this way, Fraunhofer researchers have brought the ideal of "any data on any device" a good deal closer.

Removing invasive plant species shown to improve outlook for native species
(—A team of researchers with members from the U.K., Germany, Denmark and The Seychelles has found that physically removing all of the invasive plants in a given area allows native plants and pollinators to regain at least some of their former vitality. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the team describes a study they carried out in the mountains in Seychelles, what they foun

Algae survive heat, cold and cosmic radiation
In a long-term experiment on the International Space Station, Fraunhofer researchers studied how the extreme conditions in space affect algae. Fraunhofer conducted this experiment in close cooperation with German and international partners. Research findings could benefit industrial applications and perhaps a mission to Mars.

Inside Libratus, the Poker AI That Out-Bluffed the Best Humans
For almost three weeks, Dong Kim sat at a casino and played poker against a machine. But Kim wasn't just any poker player. And this wasn't just any machine.

Uber’s Mercedes Alliance Is a Clever New Route to Self-Driving Dominance
Uber leverages its power to turn rivals into teammates.

Ransomware Turns to Big Targets—With Even Bigger Fallout
A new generation of ransomware is wreaking havoc, whether you're directly infected or not.

Moving Patient Data Is Messy, But Blockchain Is Here to Help
Blockchain technologies aren't just for crytpocurrency anymore. Researchers and corporations are turning to them for a very different business: healthcare.

Scientists aim to reduce animals killed in drug testing
A non-invasive way to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of fortified health foods and medications has now been developed by researchers. The team believes their technique for examining fatty tissues will greatly reduce the numbers of lab mice sacrificed and could revolutionize medicinal drug testing.

Once-dried tiny tributary serves as shelter for wintering fish
More than 10,000 stream fish migrated to a small tributary only four months after it had dried out during the summer, suggesting that even remnant tributaries are critical wintering habitats, report investigators.

Is Australia the birthplace of birds nests?
The most common birds nests found today had their birthplace in Australia, and these nests may be key to many of our birds' success, according to new research from Macquarie University, released today.

Analysis software uses algorithms to visualize complex learning processes
Neural networks are commonly used today to analyze complex data – for instance to find clues to illnesses in genetic information. Ultimately, though, no one knows how these networks actually work exactly. That is why Fraunhofer researchers developed software that enables them to look into these black boxes and analyze how they function. The researchers will present their software at CeBIT in Hanno

Ny PLO-formand i Hovedstaden: Jeg vil meget gerne bevare diversiteten i almen praksis
Karin Zimmer vil som ny regionalformand for de praktiserende læger i almen praksis bl.a samarbejde med regionen om at sikre lægedækning og bevare diversiteten i almen praksis.

Residents of Flint, Mich., Sue EPA over Water Crisis
The lawsuit asserts that the EPA failed to warn the community of the dangers of the toxic water or take steps to ensure that state and local authorities addressed the crisis —

Early brain changes in fragile X syndrome, study shows
A new study is giving researchers a first look at the early stages of brain development in patients with Fragile X syndrome, a disorder that causes mild to severe intellectual disability and is the most common genetic cause of autism spectrum disorder.

Researchers decode rare form of adrenal gland genetic disorder linked to gender ambiguity
A complete clinical and genetic profile of a rare inherited disorder, steroid 11-hydroxylase deficiency, which can cause genital masculinization in females, is being reported by an international group of researchers. Postnatal screening and treatment may prevent females from being raised as males.

New smartphone app looks inside objects
A new app from Fraunhofer development engineers looks directly inside objects and displays specific constituents. It has numerous uses: For instance, apples can be scanned for pesticide residues. Applications will be added successively following the Wikipedia principle.


Image: Solar array drive mechanism on microvibration unit
The smooth running of the mechanism that will align the solar wings powering Europe's latest weather satellite has been demonstrated using ESA's new microvibration unit.

Mind the gap—Rapid Burster behaviour explained
Scientists observing a curious neutron star in a binary system known as the 'Rapid Burster' may have solved a forty-year-old mystery surrounding its puzzling X-ray bursts. They discovered that its magnetic field creates a gap around the star, largely preventing it from feeding on matter from its stellar companion. Gas builds up until, under certain conditions, it hits the neutron star all at once,

Newly discovered breathing molecule vital to treating respiratory conditions
Respiratory conditions could be better targeted and treated, thanks to the discovery of the vital molecule which regulates breathing – according to research by the University of Warwick.

Space travel visionaries solve the problem of interstellar slowdown at Alpha Centauri
In April last year, billionaire Yuri Milner announced the Breakthrough Starshot Initiative. He plans to invest 100 million US dollars in the development of an ultra-light light sail that can be accelerated to 20 percent of the speed of light to reach the Alpha Centauri star system within 20 years. The problem of how to slow down this projectile once it reaches its target remains a challenge. René

6 Cosmic Catastrophes That Could Wipe Out Life on Earth
If you ask yourself what the biggest threat to human existence is you'd probably think of nuclear war, global warming or a large-scale pandemic disease. But assuming we can overcome such challenges, are we really safe?

Researchers complete first stage of experiment to study giant air showers
The first stage of a study on giant air showers has been completed at NEVOD-SHAL, a new facility created at the territory of the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Russia) as a part of a Russian-Italian collaboration.

Ultrahigh sensitivity graphene infrared detectors for imaging and spectroscopy
Researchers from the Graphene Flagship have developed a novel graphene-based infrared (IR) detector demonstrating record high sensitivity for thermal detection. Graphene's unique attributes pave the way for high-performance IR imaging and spectroscopy.

Astronauts' brains change shape during spaceflight
MRIs before and after space missions reveal that astronauts' brains compress and expand during spaceflight, according to a University of Michigan study.

How to improve data management in the supercomputers of the future
Researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) are establishing new foundations for data management in the supercomputing systems of the future. In recent decades, many scientific discoveries have depended on the analysis of an enormous volume of data, which is done essentially through computational simulations performed on a large scale in supercomputers. This type of machine is used to s

Research journey to the center of the Earth
Researchers in Japan say they may be one step closer to solving a mystery at the core of the Earth. It has long been established that approximately 85 percent of the Earth's core is made of iron, while nickel makes up an additional 10 percent. Details of the final 5 percent—believed to be some amount of light elements—has, until now, eluded scientists.

Scientists show how cells communicate
Primary cilia are antenna-like structures present on the surface of most cells in the human body. The cilia are essential mediators of communication between cell types in the body. If the cilia are defective, this communication is disrupted, and the cells are unable to appropriately regulate important cellular processes, which ultimately can lead to severe diseases that may affect nearly every org

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