Fecal Transplant Therapy Improves Autism Symptoms, Study FindsEvidence suggests that gains in symptom reduction are permanent.
The late Hans Rosling tells the modern world's storyHans Rosling, who has died in Sweden aged 68, tells 200 years of world history in four minutes.
Farvel til en elsket statistiker: Her er hans bedste videoerMed banebrydende grafer og kreative metoder inden for visualisering forvandlede svenske Hans Rosling tørre tal om alt fra elektricitet til befolkningsvækst og miljø til nogle af internettets mest populære videoer.
'Edutainer' Hans Rosling, Who Taught Us About The World, Has DiedWith facts, toys and good humor, the Swedish doctor and statistician helped people understand what numbers tell us about the world.
Data guru Hans Rosling dies at 68Data guru Hans Rosling, a Swedish public health expert famous for combating scientific ignorance with catchy YouTube videos in his mission to promote a "fact-based world", has died at the age of 68, his foundation announced.
The origin of stem cellsThe protein WOX2 is responsible for enabling plants to develop organs throughout their lives.
Stik imod hensigten: Landmændenes brug af resistensfremkaldende zink er stegetFra 2010 til 2015 steg forbruget af zinkmedicin, der forhindrer diarré hos danske grise, med 16 procent. Det opvejer fordelen ved, at landmændene bruger mindre antibiotika, advarer forskere.
Zinkbombe hober sig op: Hvornår får jorden nok af tungmetal fra danske svin?Danmark har gang i en tvivlsom udvikling, hvor jorden med gylle fra svin bliver tilført mere zink, end planterne optager. Det kan miljøet ikke leve med i længden.
Forkerte zink-tal blev gemt vækDen officielle statistik over forbruget af resistensskabende zink til svin viste et stagnerende forbrug, selv om det i virkeligheden steg. Det var der bare ingen, som sagde højt.
DARPA is Funding Paper Airplanes for Some Cool PurposesDARPA, the U.S. Department of Defense military research agency, whose work has resulted in staples of modern life such as the Internet and GPS systems, is now working with a San Francisco-based R&D lab – Otherlab – to develop the world’s most advanced industrial paper airplanes. re
Nævn afviser atter ansøgning om tilskud til hjertemiddelMedicintilskudsnævnet afviser atter ansøgning fra Novartis om klausuleret tilskud til hjertemidlet Entresto. Klausulen er for kompliceret, og der er risiko for, at Entresto vil blive anvendt til patienter uden for klausulen, lyder begrundelsen.
OK-forhandlinger med PLO når ikke i mål til tidenForhandlingerne mellem Regionernes Lønnings- og Takstnævn og Praktiserende lægers Organisationer skrider fremad, men kommer ikke til at være færdige til 1. marts, som planlagt.
Dakota Access Pipeline: ETP firm to resume work immediatelyThe decision comes after Donald Trump formally backed the pipeline in an early act as president.
Facts About CicadasCicadas are winged insects that are mostly known for their cyclical lifespans. They emerge all at once every 13 or 17 years.
Topledere: Diesel er død – brændselsceller leverOver halvdelen af toplederne i bilindustrien tror, at diesel som den første af de traditionelle motorteknologier er på vej ud. 76 procent af lederne tror stadig, at forbrændingsmotoren vil være vigtig i mange år fremover.
Cabbies' health the focus of smartphone app trialStressed at work? Tired of sitting down? You could go for a run or a long walk, or maybe just lie in a park. But it's not so easy if you are a taxi driver and any time out means missing the chance of a fare. Taxi drivers can spend as much as eight hours simply waiting around during any 12 hour shift, but it's difficult to relax when the clock is ticking and you can't ever be far from the car and a
Dummy mummy comes to the rescue of tiger cubs in IndiaPark rangers in India are using a cuddly toy tigress to help three traumatised cubs spring back to their feet after the death of their mother.
Why Does the Melting of Arctic Sea Ice Matter?Due to the clear link to their diminishing habitat, polar bears have become
Datatilsynet til forskere: I passer for dårligt på følsomme persondata Forskere overholder for ofte ikke juridiske og tekniske krav, der skal beskytte bl.a. følsomme sundhedsdata, viser en 'razzia' fra Datatilsynet. I ét tilfælde er overtrædelserne så grelle, at en straffesag kan komme på tale. Version2
Integrated Information as a Metric for Group Interaction: Analyzing Human and Computer Groups Using a Technique Developed to Measure ConsciousnessResearchers in many disciplines have previously used a variety of mathematical techniques for analyzing group interactions. Here we use a new metric for this purpose, called 'integrated information' or 'phi.' Phi was originally developed by neuroscientists as a measure of consciousness in brains, but it captures, in a single mathematical quantity, two properties that are important in many other ki
Biologically-inspired characterization of sparseness in natural imagesNatural images follow statistics inherited by the structure of our physical (visual) environment. In particular, a prominent facet of this structure is that images can be described by a relatively sparse number of features. We designed a sparse coding algorithm biologically-inspired by the architecture of the primary visual cortex. We show here that coefficients of this representation exhibit a he
To do things with words (only): An introduction to the role of noise in coordination dynamics without equationsUncertainty, spatial or temporal errors, variability, are classic themes in the study of human and animal behaviors. Several theoretical approaches1 and concepts have been adopted to tackle those issues, often considering the CNS as an observer, using Shannon information and entropy, signal to noise ratio, and recently a Bayesian approach, and free energy minimization. In the coordination dynamics
2,000 Years Ago, 2 Men Figured Out Nothing Is SolidThe idea that reality is comprised of atoms and space goes way, way back.
Onkologer: Keytruda som førstelinjebehandling er et stort og vigtigt skridtEuropa Kommissionen har godkendt det immunterapeutiske middel Keytruda som monoterapi til førstelinjebehandling af voksne patienter med fremskreden ikke-småcellet lungekræft. Et stort fremskridt for behandlingen af danske lungekræftpatienter, konkluderer flere onkologer
A Tasty Program at the RubinThe lady has an extraordinary palate, a palate of incredible finesse. She picks up hot ingredients, touches them, and she thinks about this image on the plate. She has the most disciplined execution on a plate that we’ve ever seen. But the palate is where it’s just extraordinary. And honestly, I know chefs with Michelin stars that don’t have palates like hers. –Chef Gordon Ramsay, MasterChef judg
Orangutan squeaks reveal language evolution, says studyThe way orangutans communicate could shed light on humans' first words.**
Quinoa genome could see 'super-food' prices tumbleScientists say that decoding the quinoa genome could cut the cost of this nutritious but underutilised crop.
Ancient undersea landslide discovered in AustraliaScientists say the collapse next to the Great Barrier Reef dates back more than 300,000 years.
Bolivia declares emergency over locust plagueFumigation must start immediately to avoid further destruction in the main agricultural area.
"Død" stjerne styrer nabostjernen i mystisk solsystemForskere har fundet en slags dynamo i et sært solsystem 380 lysår fra Jorden.
Helium-forbindelse kan skrive kemibøgerne omUnder ekstremt højt tryk kan ædelgassen helium gå i forbindelse med natrium. Noget, vi troede, var umuligt.
Stjernebro forbinder Mælkevejens nabo-galakser“Broen” strækker sig over 43.000 lysår.
People with asthma are missing airway ‘muscle relaxer’A protein that appears to play a vital role in airway function is virtually missing in people who have asthma. The discovery points to a potential new treatment. When the protein, called SPLUNC1, is low or missing, people experience airway constriction, mucus production, chest tightness, and breathing problems. “This protein could be a potentially new target to go after, and it could really benef
The only ice volcano on Ceres might vanishScientists are puzzled by the solitary existence of an ice volcano on the dwarf planet Ceres. “Imagine if there was just one volcano on all of Earth,” says Michael Sori of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory at the University of Arizona. “That would be puzzling.” NASA’s Dawn spacecraft discovered the 4-kilometer-tall (2.5-mile) Ahuna Mons cryovolcano in 2015. Other icy worlds in our solar system,
Waivers help parents of kids with autism keep workingMedicaid waivers that improve access to home and community-based services for children with autism also help their parents keep their jobs, research shows. It’s more challenging for families of children with autism spectrum disorder to find childcare and other services compared to families of children with other special needs, and waivers can help pay for expensive services that might have otherw
US national anthem mentions slaves: Racist?People have questioned why the national anthem of the United States mentions slavery. Is the song racist, patriotic, or both? In this 90-second video, Nicole Eustace, professor of history at New York University, puts the song and its lyrics in context. The national anthem lyrics in question are: “No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave: And
For better skin grafts, take just one layerResearch shows that a skin-graft harvesting system aids chronic wound recovery and reduces care costs by accelerating the healing process. More than six million cases of chronic wounds cost $20 billion each year in the United States. Diabetic ulcers, pressure sores, surgical site wounds, and traumatic injuries to high-risk patients account for most wounds that won’t heal. “Chronic wounds occur wh
Cheaper battery for solar made with pee ingredientA battery made with urea, commonly found in fertilizers and mammal urine, could provide a low-cost way of storing energy produced through solar power or other forms of renewable energy for consumption during off hours. The battery is nonflammable and contains electrodes made from abundant aluminum and graphite. Its electrolyte’s main ingredient, urea, is already industrially produced by the ton f
Teens tend to explore in a more ‘random’ wayThe strategies people use for exploration change during the transition from teen to young adult, research suggests. Young adults are more likely to engage in “directed exploration,” or exploration driven by information-seeking, than teenagers are. At the same time, teens seem to be more comfortable with uncertainty overall. The study differentiates between two distinct types of exploration: direc
How air on the rise creates giant hailStrong updrafts—currents of rising air—in severe thunderstorms are a prerequisite for hail formation. The width of these updrafts may be an indicator of an increased hail threat, according to meteorologists. “Hail can have significant socioeconomic effects on communities,” says Matt Kumjian, assistant professor of meteorology and atmospheric science in the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences at
Higher water table is good for radishes and CO2 emissionsIncreasing the water table by just 20 centimeters in radish fields not only reduced soil CO 2 emissions, but also improved crop growth. Another perk: it slowed the rate of loss of valuable peat soils converted into agricultural fields. “We are losing our peat soils in the UK at a fast rate, and we need to find solutions to decrease this loss if we want to preserve our food security.” A significan
Weight loss often follows divorce for older womenThere have been lots of studies on marriage that focus on younger women, so researchers wanted to take a closer look at the health effects of marriage and divorce on older women. “The interesting thing we found in our study is that with divorce in postmenopausal women, it’s not all negative, at least not in the short term,” says Randa Kutob, an associate professor of family and community medicine
White dwarf pulsar unlike anything ever seenScientists have identified an exotic binary star system 380 light-years away as a white dwarf pulsar—the first of its kind to be discovered in the universe. The new system, AR Scorpii (AR Sco), contains a rapidly spinning, burnt-out stellar remnant called a white dwarf, which lashes its neighbor—a red dwarf—with powerful beams of electrical particles and radiation, causing the entire system to br
Facts About BromineProperties, sources and uses of the element bromine.
Your Brain on Music: Why Certain Songs Bring PleasureThe chemicals in the brain linked to the pleasure people get from things like sex and drugs also play a role in how people enjoy music, a new, small study from Canada finds.
Viking VIP: Grave Belonging to 'Warrior of High Status' UncoveredAbout 1,000 years ago, Vikings dug a grave for a "warrior of high status" and buried him in a boat that was overflowing with grave goods, including a hefty sword and a broad-bladed ax, according to a new study.
Bear Necessities: Andean Bears Call Machu Picchu HomeMachu Picchu, site of historic Incan ruins and a popular destination for tourists, is also a favorite destination for South America's only native bear species — the Andean bear.
Collapsing Beauty: Image of Antarctica's Larsen Ice ShelfA new satellite image shows the disappearing Larsen Ice Shelf of Antarctica.
Who Invented the Refrigerator?Methods for preserving food by cooling have been around for thousands of years, but the modern refrigerator is a recent invention.
70 Years After Dead Sea Scrolls Were Found, New Discoveries AwaitIn 1947, or late 1946, the first batch of Dead Sea Scrolls was found in a cave located near the site of Qumran in what is now the West Bank. These bits of biblical history continue to perplex archaeologists to this day.
Huge Undersea Landslide Slammed Great Barrier Reef 300,000 Years AgoMore than 300,000 years ago, a behemoth undersea landslide sent huge amounts of debris sliding down the Great Barrier Reef, generating a 90-foot-high (27 meters) tsunami.
12th Dead Sea Scrolls Cave Found in IsraelA cave that held Dead Sea Scrolls before they were stolen in the mid-20th century has been discovered in Qumran, Israel.
Underwater Volcanic Eruption Could Create Temporary Island (Photo)An undersea volcanic eruption caused a bright turquoise spot in the ocean.
Device Turns Air Pollution Into Printing InkThe Kaalink device can capture up to 93 percent of the emitted pollution from standard internal combustion engines.
Satellite Sees Louisiana Tornado Storm System from SpaceSevere thunderstorms and several tornadoes struck the state of Louisiana on Tuesday (Feb. 7). A weather satellite operated by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) captured an overhead view of the weather system responsible.
Eww! Live Cockroach Pulled from Woman's Nose in Rare CaseAn odd "crawling sensation" that a women felt in her head turned out to be a real, live cockroach.
Andean Bears Are Right at Home in Machu Picchu | VideoTourists to the world-famous Incan ruins at Machu Piccu in Peru have company — Andean bears, which researchers found to be widespread in the protected area.
How Big Can Stars Get? Awesome Visualization Shows ScaleSome stars can be the size of a planet, others can be more than 1400 times bigger than the Sun. Different types of stars are shown to scale in this European Southern Observatory visualization.
Nuclear Fire-Formed Glass Used To Test Moon Formation Theory | VideoA green-colored glass, called trinitite, was found 30 feet (10m) to 80 feet (250 m) away from ground zero after the first plutonium bomb test in 1945. They were lacking volatile elements similarly to that of lunar rocks.
Facts About KiwisThe kiwi is a small, flightless bird native to New Zealand.
LIGO’s underdog cousin ready to enhance gravitational-wave huntIt missed the historic discovery, but the Virgo lab in Italy is now primed to extend LIGO’s reach and precision. Nature 542 146 doi: 10.1038/542146a
LIGO's Underdog Cousin Ready to Enhance Gravitational-Wave HuntIt missed the historic discovery, but the Virgo lab in Italy is now primed to extend LIGO’s reach and precision — on ScientificAmerican.com
Treaty to stop biopiracy threatens to delay flu vaccinesIndustry and public-health experts concerned about ramifications of Nagoya Protocol. Nature 542 148 doi: 10.1038/542148a
Arctic 2.0: What happens after all the ice goes?Researchers look into the future of the far North for clues to save species and maybe even bring back sea ice. Nature 542 152 doi: 10.1038/542152a
'Riskiest ideas' win $50 million from Chan Zuckerberg BiohubInitiative's first grants will fund a medley of wild ideas from top San Francisco Bay Area biologists, engineers and programmers.
The most powerful man in UK science on his new roleMark Walport will be the first head of a £6-billion “super-agency”.
The hunt for rogue planets just got tougherNew analyses cut down the estimated number of planets unattached to a star by half.
French auditors criticize €5-billion science super-campus near ParisWould-be rival to MIT lacks strategy and governance, report says.
Video: From Measles To Syphilis, How We Created The Golden Age Of GermsTen thousand years ago, many of our deadly human diseases didn't exist. What happened?
Newly Discovered Gecko's Giant Breakaway Scales Help It Flee PredatorsThis species is a master escape artist. It's extremely fast. It can lose its tail and grow a new one. And most unusually, it can shed its huge scales to get out of sticky situations.
'It's Just A Mess.' New Orleans Residents Clean Up After TornadoesTornadoes injured dozens of people as they moved through southeastern Louisiana on Tuesday. In New Orleans East, the National Guard was helping clear streets of debris and downed electrical wires.
Crab Teases Anemone, Anemone Splits In Two, Crab And Anemone Live OnResearchers have found the first known case of one animal, a boxer crab, stimulating another animal, a sea anemone, to reproduce asexually.
Weak Reporting System Let Risky Surgical Device Stay in UseDoctors and hospitals failed to tell the Food and Drug Administration about women whose cancer was spread by a surgical tool, a new report finds.
Lava Fire Hose in Hawaii Returns for an EncoreA remarkable stream of lava off the coast of Hawaii has become visible again, days after a cliff collapse blocked the view.
Saiga Antelopes Are Struck Again by a Plague in Central AsiaAn ancient species that once roamed grasslands with woolly mammoths is dying in great numbers in Mongolia, with harmful factors piling up.
How Do You Save Snow Leopards? First, Gather Their DroppingsTo reduce conflict with herders in the Himalayas, biologists gathered a fecal data set to decode the diets of the endangered cats.
In a Rare Zoo Escape, Sunny the Red Panda Is Still at LargeAbout a half-dozen animals a year escape from major zoos in the United States, but they are usually found quickly.
Bill Nye's new Netflix show finally has an airdateEntertainment Coming to a screen near you on April 21 "Bill Nye Saves the World" will air on TKTK. And it can't come soon enough.
A 'bridge of stars' connects two of our closest galaxiesSpace Sadly it's not walkable Europe's Gaia spacecraft has spotted a 'bridge of stars' between two dwarf galaxies. The halo is 43,000 light-years long.
Carnivorous plants aren’t as cool as you thinkScience But their evolutionary history is Carnivorous plants aren't all that cool—they're just desperate.
Just 6 rad kites for celebrating National Kite Flying DayGadgets Let out some slack and take flight. If you have a chance to go outside, make sure to fly a kite for us. We wish we could join you.
How to survive the 'Little House' booksDIY The Ingalls family almost died. A lot. We chose one near-death experience from each Little House book and compared the family’s survival technique to today’s best practices.
Is it too late for me to get a flu shot?Health Don’t throw away your shot It’s somehow already February, people in your office are succumbing to the flu one by one, and you’re wondering: is it too late for me to get my flu shot?
The quinoa genome could help scientists get it out of the health food aisleScience It's the first step to bringing the super grain to the masses The genome of quinoa has been sequenced. Nutritious and grown in harsh environments, quinoa deserves more efforts to become a true commodity crop, researchers say.
Droughts actually make West Nile virus worseAnimals An itch we can’t scratch Droughts bring a whole host of problems to humanity; limited water supplies, more wildfires, and also the perfect conditions for a West Nile virus epidemic.
This male birth control worked for over a year (in monkeys)Health It gives ‘are you gellin’?’ a whole new meaning Nearly half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended. We can do better.
The Fate of Environmental Law in a Trump-Era Supreme CourtGiven what we know now, those laws will almost inevitably be weakened in ways that are hard to predict — on ScientificAmerican.com
2017 NYC Regional Brain Bee ChampionsFor the first-place winner of this year’s Regional Brain Bee, biology was always the high school senior’s favorite subject in school. But it wasn’t until she was 14 years old that Winsome Ching narrowed her focus to neuroscience. After visiting a museum celebrating Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud in Vienna, Ching was “hooked” by his theories on the brain, she says. Since then, she has transiti
Efter Trump-chok: Skal forskere holde sig væk fra demonstrationer?March for Science-bevægelsen breder sig og giver panderynker hos forskere, der er i tvivl om det smarte i at deltage. Hvad mener Ingeniørens læsere?
EU vil ikke begrænse CO2-udledning fra interkontinental luftfartEU-Kommissionen vil permanent fritage flyselskaber for CO2-kvoter på interkontinentale ruter. International luftfart skal i stedet reguleres af en FN-aftale. Problematisk, at EU ikke vil blande sig, siger forsker.
Her er metallet, der leder elektricitet, men ikke varmeVanadiumdioxid har den usædvanlige egenskab, at varmeledning forårsaget af en elektrisk strøm er ca. 10 gange mindre end forventet. Det åbner for interessante anvendelser til kontrolleret bortledning af varme fra motorer eller vinduer.
Spørg Scientariet: Hvad sker der, hvis man spiser for lidt fedt?En læser har noteret sig, at vi bør indtage 30 procent fedt i vores kost. Men hvorfor det? Hvad sker der, hvis vi spiser mindre? Det svarer lektor på Institut for Idræt og Ernæring på.
America's youngest children most likely to live in poor economic conditionsOut of all age groups, children are still most likely to live in poverty, according to new research from the National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP) at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. Using the latest available data from the American Community Survey, NCCP researchers found that in 2015, while 30 percent of adults have low incomes, more than 40 percent of all children
Angling up for Mars scienceESA's latest Mars orbiter has moved itself into a new path on its way to achieving the final orbit for probing the Red Planet.
Some animals are more equal than others—new study shows some animal welfare issues get more media than othersAnimal welfare issues receive varying levels of UK media attention, with some species being more widely reported than others, a new University of Oxford study has found.
Archaeologists find 12th Dead Sea Scrolls cavexcavations in a cave on the cliffs west of Qumran, near the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, prove that Dead Sea scrolls from the Second Temple period were hidden in the cave, and were looted by Bedouins in the middle of the last century. With the discovery of this cave, scholars now suggest that it should be numbered as Cave 12.
Astronomers discover a very hot Jupiter exoplanet orbiting a bright, hot star(Phys.org)—Using the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope (KELT) astronomers have detected a new gas giant alien world. The newly discovered exoplanet, designated KELT-18b, turns out to be a highly inflated "hot Jupiter" orbiting a bright, hot star. The findings were presented in a paper published Feb. 6 on the arXiv pre-print server.
Study finds new bacterial strain can contaminate shellfishResearchers have found a new strain of bacteria thriving along the Atlantic Coast that can contaminate shellfish and sicken seafood lovers.
Bees give up searching for food when humans degrade their landA new study into honey bees has revealed the significant effect human impact has on a bee's metabolism, and ultimately its survival.
Surprising spin behavior at room temperatureThe field of spintronics focuses on spin transport behavior in magnetic metals, and the major findings in this area have important implications for the field of electronics. This is because conventional electronics primarily considers the electron charge, whereas spintronics allows the electron spin to be exploited. One of the most significant advancements in spintronics has been the introduction
Data on blue whales off California helps protect their distant relativesScientists know a great deal about blue whales off California, where the endangered species has been studied for decades.
Bohr's quantum theory revisedNiels Bohr's atomic model was utterly revolutionary when it was presented in 1913. Although it is still taught in schools, it became obsolete decades ago. However, its creator also developed a much wider-ranging and less known quantum theory, the principles of which changed over time. Researchers at the University of Barcelona have now analysed the development in the Danish physicist's thought – a
Broken pebbles offer clues to Paleolithic funeral ritualsHumans may have ritualistically "killed" objects to remove their symbolic power, some 5,000 years earlier than previously thought, a new international study of marine pebble tools from an Upper Paleolithic burial site in Italy suggests.
Dropping the carbon from a key battery component could enable long-life, low-cost renewable energy storageZinc-air batteries are one of the most promising solutions for the large-scale storage of intermittently-generated renewable electricity from solar, wind or tidal: they are non-flammable, inexpensive and with a very high energy density.
Carnivores more seriously threatened by roads than previously acknowledgedLeipzig/Halle (Saale)/Porto. The effects of roads on carnivores have obviously been underestimated in worldwide species conservation. This is the conclusion of the first comprehensive global study on this topic, which has been published in the scientific journal Global Ecology and Biogeography by an international research team from Germany and Portugal. The protection status of several species tha
Cassava carrier bags: Indonesian entrepreneur tackles plastic scourgeFrom bags washing up on Bali's beaches to food packaging scattered across roads and clogging waterways in cities, Indonesia is facing a plastic waste crisis driven by years of rapid economic growth.
Chimpanzee feet allow scientists a new grasp on human foot evolutionAn investigation into the evolution of human walking by looking at how chimpanzees walk on two legs is the subject of a new research paper published in the March 2017 issue of Journal of Human Evolution.
China tightens smog data controls amid public angerChina has established a single network to monitor air pollution levels across the country, as the government attempts to control the spread of information about the country's toxic smog in response to rising public anger.
Chinese police probe endangered pangolin banquetChinese authorities are investigating whether government officials may have feasted on endangered pangolins, considered the most trafficked mammal on earth, at a banquet after posts about the meal drew outrage on social media.
New circuit scheme would greatly increase the accuracy of high-density spin-based data storageWhile we aspire to store increasing amounts of digital data on ever smaller devices, conventional memory technologies based on electron charge are reaching a physical limit on how much they can store in a given space. Alternative storage methods are urgently needed.
Measuring time without a clockEPFL scientists have been able to measure the ultrashort time delay in electron photoemission without using a clock. The discovery has important implications for fundamental research and cutting-edge technology.
Controlling the way cracks form and spread to make a coating for electrochromic materialsCracks in a material typically compromise its strength and integrity, so research focus has traditionally been on preventing their occurrence and spread. An A*STAR team has now taken a different approach, prompting and directing the propagation of cracks on thin films to make highly-ordered patterned coatings for electrochromic materials.
Collapsed chloroplasts are targeted in self-eating processResearchers at Tohoku University have identified a previously uncharacterized type of autophagy, during which an autophagic process termed chlorophagy removes collapsed chloroplasts in plant leaves. The findings could lead to new methods for controlling the aging of plants.
Compound from deep-water marine sponge could provide antibacterial solutions for MRSAA compound extracted from a deep-water marine sponge collected near the Bahamas is showing potent antibacterial activity against the drug resistant bacteria methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Also called the "super bug," MRSA bacteria are resistant to all beta-lactam antibiotics such as methicillin, penicillin, oxacillin and amoxicillin and can be fatal. According to the Centers f
Deciphering social justice language in modern musicPhrases and colloquialisms rarely heard in casual conversation are the bedrock of new linguistic research at The University of New Mexico.
To declaw cats or not? New Jersey could be first with banNew Jersey could become the first state to prohibit veterinarians from declawing cats.
Deep groundwater aquifers respond rapidly to climate variabilityChanges in climate can rapidly impact even the deepest freshwater aquifers according to Penn State and Columbia University hydrologists.
Diesel trains may expose passengers to exhaustA new study from U of T Engineering finds that diesel trains may expose passengers to elevated levels of certain pollutants, especially if they are sitting directly behind the locomotive.
Digital relay baton enables remote crowd cheering of athletesThe loneliness of the long distance runner could soon be a thing of the past as new technology allows crowds to cheer on athletes from anywhere in the world.
Engineering dream diodes with a graphene interlayerA team of researchers, affiliated with UNIST has created a new technique that greatly enhances the performance of Schottky Diodes (metal-semiconductor junction) used in electronic devices. Their research findings have attracted considerable attention within the scientific community by solving the contact resistance problem of metal-semiconductor, which had remained unsolved for almost 50 years.
3-D television is dead… so what next?Back in 2010 Sony Australia's Paul Colley forecasted that a large percentage of Australian viewers would have 3-D televisions by 2014.
Electronic depositary of living systems createdLomonosov Moscow State University has developed an information system within the framework of the Noah's Ark project that includes data about samples from biological collections of the University and project partners. There are no comparable information systems in the world using information concerning biological samples of various origin and managing depositaries of biomaterial. The actual versio
Electrons play a key role in heat transport through 2-D tin sheetsHeat travels through atom-thin sheets of tin in a very unusual way, A*STAR researchers have found. The discovery could help develop applications for the material, including thermoelectric refrigeration or power generation.
Towards equal access to digital coinsScientists at the Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SnT) of the University of Luxembourg have developed an important mathematical algorithm called "Equihash." Equihash is a core component for the new cryptocurrency Zcash, which offers more privacy and equality than the famous Bitcoin. Zcash came into operation as an experimental technology for a community-driven digital
EU to phase out China solar panel dutiesThe EU said Wednesday it aimed to phase out anti-dumping duties on Chinese solar panel imports after 18 months, ending a bitter dispute with one of its largest trading partners.
European space agency to help NASA take humans beyond moonThe European Space Agency says it will contribute key components for a future NASA mission to take humans around the moon within the next few years.
New evidence in favor of dark matter: The bars in galaxies are spinning more slowly than we thoughtAn article recently published in the Astrophysical Journal by a team of IAC researchers show that bars in galaxies are rotating much more slowly than had been inferred by previous works.
New study explores disparities between researchers who publish in high-and low-impact journalsA new study surveying authors from a range of countries investigates the crucial differences between authors who publish in high- and low-impact factor medical journals. This original research shows that the growth of open access hasn't significantly changed the publishing landscape as regards impact factor.
Exposure to a newer flame retardant has been on the riseOut of concern that flame retardants – polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) – cause health problems, the U.S. government worked with manufacturers to start phasing them out in 2004. But evidence has been building that PBDE replacements, including organophosphate flame retardants, are in the environment and in our bodies. Now researchers report in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology L
Researcher finds fish uses sneaking behavior as stealth mating strategyWhile a dominant male fish from northern Mexico mates with a female, a small fella bides his time in the offing. Suddenly, the little guy darts in ahead of Mr. Big and plants his seeds on freshly laid eggs.
Flat lens to work across a continuous bandwidth allows new control of lightLast summer, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) announced a new, flat lens that could focus light with high efficiency within the visible spectrum. The lens used an ultrathin array of nanopillars to bend and focus light as it passed.
Full moon, comet starring in night sky show this weekendA full moon and comet share double billing in a special night sky show this weekend.
Wave of the future: Terahertz chips a new way of seeing through matterElectromagnetic pulses lasting one millionth of a millionth of a second may hold the key to advances in medical imaging, communications and drug development. But the pulses, called terahertz waves, have long required elaborate and expensive equipment to use.
A trust gap may hinder academic success for minoritiesMiddle school students of color who lose trust in their teachers due to perceptions of mistreatment from school authorities are less likely to attend college even if they generally had good grades, according to psychology research at The University of Texas at Austin published in the journal Child Development.
Germany, France plan cross-border self-driving test zoneEuropean neighbours Germany and France plan to test self-driving vehicles on a stretch of road linking the two countries, the transport ministry in Berlin said Wednesday.
'Ghost skier' leads Winter Olympic Games data revolutionA "ghost skier" hurtling down the slope, an athlete's glucose levels flashing across the screen along with his heart rate—it is all part of an Olympic data revolution awaiting television viewers.
'Corrective glass' for mass spectrometry imagingThe chemical analysis of biological tissues with three-dimensional shapes has been a major problem so far. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, have now improved mass spectrometry imaging in such a way that the distribution of molecules can also be visualized on rippled, hairy, bulgy or coarse surfaces. The source of the laser-based technique was custom-bu
GOP-backed measures seek to rein in science used at EPAPondering new restrictions on how the Environmental Protection Agency can use scientific data, congressional Republicans are seeking advice from the chemical and fossil fuel industries.
GOP senior statesmen making push for a carbon taxA group of Republican senior statesmen are pushing for a carbon tax to combat the effects of climate change, and hoping to sell their plan to the White House.
Green buildings make for higher performance in workplaceThe key to working better, sleeping better, and feeling better could be rooted in the design, maintenance, and operation of the buildings where we spend the majority of our time, a new Harvard study has found.
Hack my car? Most believe it can happenMost Americans have some concerns that self-driving cars can be hacked to cause crashes, disable the vehicle in some way or even be used as weapons by terrorists, according to researchers at the University of Michigan.
New system makes it harder to track Bitcoin transactionsResearchers from North Carolina State University, Boston University and George Mason University have developed a Bitcoin-compatible system that could make it significantly more difficult for observers to identify or track the parties involved in any given Bitcoin transaction.
Hidden lakes drain below West Antarctica's Thwaites GlacierThwaites Glacier on the edge of West Antarctica is one of the planet's fastest-moving glaciers. Research shows that it is sliding unstoppably into the ocean, mainly due to warmer seawater lapping at its underside.
Historical copper trapped in iceSouth America's mining industry supplies half the world with copper. The world's largest mines are located in the Andes. Yet just when copper production began there has remained unclear, until now. Very few artefacts from the early high cultures in Peru, Chile, and Bolivia have been preserved. Now, however, researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI in Villigen, Switzerland, are on the trail o
Humans are driving a new burst of evolution including possibly our ownThe unprecedented impact that humans are having on the planet is well known to us all. Scarcely a day passes by without a media report or two on the effects of human economic activity on the world's climate or some charismatic species under threat because of illegal wildlife trade or logging.
Image: Antarctica's changing Larsen Ice ShelfThe Larsen Ice Shelf is situated along the northeastern coast of the Antarctic Peninsula, one of the fastest-warming places on the planet. In the past three decades, two large sections of the ice shelf (Larsen A and B) have collapsed. A third section (Larsen C) seems like it may be on a similar trajectory, with a new iceberg poised to break away soon.
In-cell molecular sieve from protein crystalScientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology, RIKEN, and Kyoto Institute of Technology have applied rational crystal design to create protein crystals with extended porous network to accumulate exogenous molecules inside living cells. This work lays a foundation for engineering of stable self-assembling crystalline porous materials which can concentrate and preserve bioactive substances in various
Iran displays ancient Persian artifacts returned from the USIran is displaying hundreds of ancient and Persian artifacts, some dating back as far as 3,500 years and all of them recently brought back home from museums and collections in Western countries.
Key friendships vital for effective human social networksClose friendships facilitate the exchange of information and culture, making social networks more effective for cultural transmission, according to new UCL research that used wireless tracking technology to map social interactions in remote hunter-gatherer populations.
New research finds timing is the key to success for science startupsTiming is essential when it comes to achieving commercial success for science-based companies according to a new research paper by faculty at SFU's Beedie School of Business. The study, published in leading journal
New kit helps researchers make sense of mass cytometry datasets to uncover cell subsetsA new software package offers easier analysis and interpretation of experiments that use mass cytometry, a sophisticated method for determining the properties of cells. The tool—called cytofkit—enables scientists to identify different subpopulations of cells within a sample of immune cells, cancer cells or other tissue types.
Largest group of Australia's insects collaborate to avoid being eatenA group of insects that mimic each other in an effective golden sheen to fight predators has been discovered as the largest in Australia, a collaboration between Masaryk University and Macquarie University researchers has found.
Snow leopard and Himalayan wolf diets are about one-quarter livestockAround a quarter of Himalayan snow leopard and wolf diets are livestock, the rest being wild prey, according to a study published February 8, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Madhu Chetri from Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway, and colleagues.
Study breathes new life into 2.3 billion year old 'Great Oxidation Event'Research led by the University of St Andrews and published yesterday (Monday 6 February) in Nature – provides new insight into how life evolved alongside changes in the chemistry of Earth's surface. These researchers examined geochemical records of Earth's 'Great Oxidation Event' 2.3 billion years ago, and captured for the first time the response of the nitrogen cycle to this major transition in E
Lock-out on the building siteEthambutol has long been part of the standard therapy for tuberculosis. Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich researchers now describe how the antibiotic acts on the bacterium that causes the disease: It specifically inhibits growth of the cell wall from the cell poles.
Men are from Clash of Clans, women are from Candy CrushIf anyone knows whether "there's an app for that," it's older men who happen to live in eastern Europe or North Dakota.
A middleweight black hole is hiding at the center of a giant star clusterAll known black holes fall into two categories: small, stellar-mass black holes weighing a few Suns, and supermassive black holes weighing millions or billions of Suns. Astronomers expect that intermediate-mass black holes weighing 100 – 10,000 Suns also exist, but so far no conclusive proof of such middleweights has been found. Today, astronomers are announcing new evidence that an intermediate-m
Grow, mow, mulch: Finding lawn's valueCranking up the lawn mower on a Saturday afternoon may be a child's most dreaded chore. But little does he or she know that it also affects how much carbon and nitrogen are present in the soil below the grass.
Nanoparticle screen could speed up drug developmentMany scientists are pursuing ways to treat disease by delivering DNA or RNA that can turn a gene on or off. However, a major obstacle to progress in this field has been finding ways to safely deliver that genetic material to the correct cells.
NASA finds planets of red dwarf stars may face oxygen loss in habitable zonesThe search for life beyond Earth starts in habitable zones, the regions around stars where conditions could potentially allow liquid water – which is essential for life as we know it – to pool on a planet's surface. New NASA research suggests some of these zones might not actually be able to support life due to frequent stellar eruptions – which spew huge amounts of stellar material and radiation
NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Carlos moving past La Reunion IslandNASA found heavy rainfall occurring in Tropical Cyclone Carlos as it continued to move between Madagascar and La Reunion Island in the Southern Indian Ocean. NASA's Terra satellite imagery revealed a concentrated storm, while the GPM core satellite measured rainfall rates within the storm.
NASA sent a twin to space to study nature versus nurture – and we're starting to get resultsNASA astronaut Scott Kelly recently spent one year in space, while his identical twin brother Mark (a former NASA astronaut himself) stayed on Earth. The mission was part of an important health experiment, looking at how being in space affects our bodies. While the data are still being studied carefully, NASA recently released some intriguing preliminary findings.
First nuclear explosion helps test theory of moon's formationDecades-old radioactive glass found blanketing the ground after the first nuclear test bomb explosion is being used by scientists to examine theories about the Moon's formation some 4.5 billion years ago.
NY Times teams with Spotify for music-news offeringThe New York Times said Wednesday it had teamed up with the online service Spotify in bid to lure subscribers with a "news and music experience."
Once-reviled scavenger bird now the pride of its Indian homeThe greater adjutant stork used to be an object of revulsion in northeast India. It's not a pretty bird, with its large, dull-orange bill and gray, black and white plumage. A carnivore and scavenger, it left bits of dead animals in its nests. People thought it brought bad luck, so they destroyed nests and sometimes poisoned the birds.
Researchers optimize the assembly of micro-/meso-/macroporous carbon for Li-S batteriesLi-S batteries are considered as promising alternatives for Li-ion batteries in the new generation of energy storages, due to high specific capacity (1675 mAh/g) and energy density (2600 mWh/g) of sulfur. But the poor conductivity of sulfur and severe shuttle effect of reaction intermediates destory the stability of this system. A variety of porous carbon materials have been applied as sulfur host
Pharmaceutical company launches product to produce rare disease-fighting compoundsA pharmaceutical company based on Purdue University intellectual property has launched a product line that will allow researchers and medical professionals the ability to produce larger amounts of compounds that could lead to new disease-fighting drugs.
Physics explains why rock musicians prefer valve ampsFor many guitarists, the rich, warm sound of an overdriven valve amp – think AC/DC's crunchy Marshall rhythm tones or Carols Santana's singing Mesa Boogie-fuelled leads – can't be beaten.
Pinterest lets phones spy eye-catching itemsPinterest on Wednesday infused more machine smarts into its online bulletin boards, pushing harder into e-commerce by enabling people to use smartphones to identify products they might wish to pursue.
Innovative procedure to measure cell energy production developedCollaborative work between researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has resulted in development of a new software tool that enhances measurement and analysis of energy production generated by human immune cells.
Study measures psychological support provided by service dogsThe physical benefits service dogs provide in assisting people with disabilities are well-known, but a new study conducted by a Purdue University research team reveals that service dogs also contribute significantly to emotional and psychosocial well-being.
Pure iron grains are rare in the universePure iron grains in interstellar space are far rarer than previously thought, shedding new light on the evolution history of matters in the universe.
Random radiation clouds found in atmosphere at flight altitudes(Phys.org)—A large team of researchers with members from several institutions in the U.S., Korea, and the U.K. has found evidence of random radiation clouds in the Earth's atmosphere at elevations used by aircraft. In their paper published in the journal Space Weather, the team describes how they discovered the clouds and offers a theory for their existence.
Real-time feedback helps save energy and waterThose who take long showers use a great deal of water and energy. Yet people who enjoy taking long showers do not usually realize to what extent they are damaging the environment. However, if a clever measuring system shows current consumption, this immediately leads to increased efficiency. The consumption information available on the display is incentive enough to reduce water and energy consump
Record-breaking material that contracts when heatedResearchers based at Nagoya University discover ceramic material that contracts on heating by more than twice the previous record-holding material.
Project drawing on recovery lessons from Hurricane Sandy to improve U.S. resilience and disaster preparednessPurdue University will lead research to determine why some communities recover from natural disasters more quickly than others, an effort aimed at addressing the nation's critical need for more resilient infrastructure and to enhance preparedness.
Recycling yogurt waste to produce electricity, nutrients and more dairy foodsAmerica's appetite for Greek yogurt has skyrocketed over the past decade. But for every container of Greek yogurt consumed, you could fill two or three more with the acid whey it produces. The cover story in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, takes a look at the interesting ways scientists are making use of the byproduct.
Renewable fuels alone can't stop climate changeIn discussions about climate change, many people seem to think the only real problem is replacing fossil fuels, and once that's done nothing much really needs to change. "That's not only false, it's a really dangerous way of thinking," said Karen Pinkus, professor of Romance studies and comparative literature in the College of Arts and Sciences.
Rethink needed to save critically endangered black rhinocerosA new strategy of conservation must be adopted if the black rhinoceros is to be saved from extinction, concludes a study involving scientists from Cardiff University.
The role of animal companions in the lives of homeless peoplePublished as 'Caring at the Borders of the Human: Companion animals and the homeless' in the book ReValuing Care: Cycles and Connections (Routledge), Professor Carr's research also reveals that homeless people often show a collective responsibility for the pets and, because of the close relationship between the pet and the homeless person, a collective responsibility for homelessness itself.
Sandia researchers offer explanation for hissing and popping noises heard from meteors(Phys.org)—A team of researchers working at Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico has found an explanation for the variety of sounds people hear when witnessing a falling meteor—sounds that should not be heard until minutes later due to the long distances involved. In their paper published in Scientific Reports, the team describes experiments they conducted with transducer materials and what
Better scaffolds help scientists study cancerTesting treatments for bone cancer tumors may get easier with new enhancements to sophisticated support structures that mimic their biological environment, according to Rice University scientists.
Scientists argue current climate change models understate the problemA new study on the relationship between people and the planet shows that climate change is only one of many inter-related threats to the Earth's capacity to support human life.
Scientists create organs-on-chips for large-scale drug screeningLed by UCI professor of molecular biology & biochemistry Christopher C.W. Hughes, the research team successfully established multiple vascularized micro-organs on an industry-standard 96-well plate. Hughes and the study's first author, Duc T. T. Phan, showed that these miniature tissues are much better at reproducing human drug responses than previous model systems. Hughes and his group have shown
Fear of sea turtle extinction due to female bias in warm water unwarranted study suggests(Phys.org)—A small team of researchers with members from Australia, Greece and the U.K. has found evidence that suggests the unlikelihood of quick extinction of sea turtles due to warming waters due to overlooked factors. In their paper published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, the team explains their findings and why they believe sea turtles will survive current ocean temperatu
New study on how shellfish create their shellsA new study describing how shellfish create their shells in response to their environment is published today (Wednesday 8 February) in the journal Royal Society Open Science.
Skeletons of London's past exposed in rail line digArtefacts revealing 8,000 years of human history in London are going on show on Friday after being unearthed during the city's giant underground railway project.
New species discovered in AntarcticaA team of Japanese scientists has discovered a new species of polychaete, a type of marine annelid worm, 9-meters deep underwater near Japan's Syowa Station in Antarctica, providing a good opportunity to study how animals adapt to extreme environments.
Teaching plants to be better spendersEnergy is an all-important currency for plants, and scientists from The University of Western Australia have now calculated the cost of one of their biggest expenses. The knowledge could be a key to creating more energy efficient crops.
Splitfin flashlight fish uses bioluminescent light to illuminate planktonThe flashlight fish uses bioluminescent light to detect and feed on its planktonic prey, according to a study published February 8, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jens Hellinger from Ruhr-University, Bochum, Germany, and colleagues.
The origin of stem cellsFreiburg plant biologist Prof. Dr. Thomas Laux and his research group have published an article in the journal Developmental Cell presenting initial findings on how shoot stem cells in plants form during embryogenesis, the process of embryonic development. Pluripotent stem cells can develop into any type of cell in an organism. In contrast to animals, plants can form completely new organs from the
Students recreate 5,000-year-old Chinese beer recipeOn a recent afternoon, a small group of students gathered around a large table in one of the rooms at the Stanford Archaeology Center.
Team engineers oxide semiconductor just single atom thickA new study, affiliated with UNIST has introduced a novel method for fabrication of world's thinnest oxide semiconductor that is just one atom thick. This may open up new possibilities for thin, transparent, and flexible electronic devices, such as ultra-small sensors.
Technology problem causes flight delays at United AirlinesUnited Airlines says it has fixed a technology problem that delayed hundreds of flight around the country.
Trump is 2nd president to tout unfinished Intel factoryPresident Donald Trump on Wednesday held up Intel's plan to invest more than $7 billion in an Arizona factory as a win for his economic agenda, but it's also a reminder that not all corporate commitments come to fruition.
Ultrasmall atom motions recorded with ultrashort x-ray pulsesPeriodic motions of atoms over a length of a billionth of a millionth of a meter (10-15 m) are mapped by ultrashort x-ray pulses. In a novel type of experiment, regularly arranged atoms in a crystal are set into vibration by a laser pulse and a sequence of snapshots is generated via changes of x-ray absorption.
Video: Fly your satellite!ESA's Fly Your Satellite! (FYS) programme is a recurring, hands-on programme designed and managed by the ESA Education Office in close collaboration with universities from ESA Member States, with the objective to complement academic education and inspire, engage, and better prepare university students for a more effective introduction to their future professions in the space sector.
Russian Academy of Sciences Calls Homeopathy PseudoscienceThat homeopathy is pure pseudoscience is not news. Its basic principles are essentially magic, and the preparation of homeopathic products is indistinguishable from brewing a magic potion. Its two core principles, as the commission states, are a priori dogma – that like cures like, and that diluting substances out of existence leaves behind their magical essence. Science has progressed over two ce
Evolved instincts shaped democracy to resist bullies like TrumpTake heart America: US democracy's ability to stem autocracy is rooted in moral codes developed when we were all hunter-gatherers, says Christopher Boehm
Women with a thicker brain cortex are more likely to have autismThe outer layer of the brain is usually thicker in men than in women. Brain scans have found that having a thicker cortex is linked to autism spectrum disorder
Glass from nuclear test site shows the moon was born dryExamining residue from the first detonation of a nuclear weapon has helped explain why the moon seems to have so few volatile elements like water and methane
Massive lake drained for hydropower leaves dry bed and no fishA large artificial lake in Bosnia’s Neretva valley has been emptied by an energy firm, leaving locals crying foul over damage to wildlife
Rare mid-weight black hole found at heart of bright star clusterIntermediate-mass black holes – weighing a few hundred to a few thousand solar masses – are the Bigfoot of astronomy, but now we may have seen one in our galaxy
Why some people with HIV can now ditch condomsIf you take your meds regularly, and you are monogamous, two new studies show a negligible chance of passing on HIV. How will this change lives?
How neuroscience insights could help architects judge designs and spaces, and fashion new onessubmitted by /u/erusso16 [link] [comments]
It's hard to affect policymakers with climate science informationExposure to climate models’ predictions affects policymakers and climate negotiators less than the informed general public, a paper assesses. But the right presentation format can improve forecasts’ effectiveness
Depressed patients with earlier and more severe symptoms have high genetic risk for major psychiatric disordersClinical features of major depressive disorder (MDD) may help identify specific subgroups of depressed patients based on associations with genetic risk for major psychiatric disorders, reports a study. The study found that patients with an early age at onset and higher symptom severity have an increased genetic risk for MDD, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
Dinosaurs: Juvenile, adult or senior?How old were the oldest dinosaurs? This question remains largely unanswered. The natural life span of these long-extinct giants is of interest to scientists, in combination with questions regarding how fast they could grow and how they could obtain sufficient nutrients from their habitat. Palaeontologists estimate by means of bone structures whether a particular dinosaur fossil is a young, adult o
Novel LED street lights reduce costsResearchers have developed a novel type of LED street light of increased efficiency. Compared to conventional LEDs, power consumption may be reduced by up to 20%. This will also decrease costs and carbon dioxide emission. Conventional high-power diodes are replaced by a special array of LEDs. This enhances efficiency, increases service life and safety, and produces a better light.
Oxygen content increased when Earth was covered in iceIn the beginning, planet Earth was a very inhospitable place with no oxygen and only single-celled bacteria as inhabitants. According to a new study, the oxygen content in the air began to increase about 2.4 billion years ago, at the same time as the global glaciation and when all continents were gathered in a single huge landmass, or supercontinent. How to explain the exact connection between the
Svalbard's electric power could come from hydrogenThe energy supply to Longyearbyen, midway between continental Norway and the North Pole, is a hot topic in the climate debate. Longyearbyen is the largest settlement and the administrative centre of Svalbard, a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. Today, Longyearbyen obtains its electric power and district heating from its coal power plant, the only one in Norway.
Mixing opioids and alcohol may increase likelihood of dangerous respiratory complicationTaking one oxycodone tablet together with even a modest amount of alcohol increases the risk of a potentially life-threatening side effect known as respiratory depression, which causes breathing to become extremely shallow or stop altogether, reports a study. Elderly people were especially likely to experience this complication, the study found.
Researchers find brief, intense stair climbing is a practical way to boost fitnessThere are no more excuses for being out of shape. Researchers have found that short, intense bursts of stair climbing, which can be done virtually anywhere, have major benefits for heart health. The findings negate the two most common excuses of couch potatoes: no time and no access to the gym.
How to recycle lithium batteriesResearch describes a new way to extract the lithium and the cobalt that make up the bulk of the metal components of rechargeable lithium ion batteries.
Ultrasmall atom motions recorded with ultrashort x-ray pulsesPeriodic motions of atoms over a length of a billionth of a millionth of a meter are mapped by ultrashort x-ray pulses. In a novel type of experiment, regularly arranged atoms in a crystal are set into vibration by a laser pulse and a sequence of snapshots is generated via changes of x-ray absorption.
New class of drugs to combat aging diseases discoveredNew details of the aging process have been uncovered by a research team. They discovered an altered balance between certain signaling molecules in the smooth muscle cells of blood vessels and the heart. The team also discovered a new class of drugs that combats an important part of the aging process.
Germanium tin laser could increase processing speed of computer chipsAn “optically pumped” laser made of the alloy germanium tin grown on silicon substrates has now been fabricated by a team of researchers. The augmented material could lead to the development of fully integrated silicon photonics, including both circuits and lasers, and thus faster micro-processing speed at much lower cost.
Bacterium lassoes its way from the mouth to the heart to cause diseaseThe human mouth can harbor more than 700 different species of bacteria. Under normal circumstances these microbes co-exist with us as part of our resident oral microbiota. But when bacteria spread to other tissues via the blood stream, the results can be catastrophic.
Breast cancer patients with dense breast tissue more likely to develop contralateral diseaseBreast cancer patients with dense breast tissue have almost a two-fold increased risk of developing disease in the contralateral breast, according to new research.
Researchers identify protein essential for healthy gut cell developmentScientists have uncovered key processes in the healthy development of cells which line the human gut, furthering their understanding about the development of cancer. A new study shows that a protein called ninein is essential for normal tissue development in the gut.
Physically demanding jobs and shiftwork linked to lowered fertility in womenA physically demanding job or work schedules outside normal office hours may lower a woman's ability to conceive, suggests research.
Exercise, sleep are key to keeping employees from bringing home work frustrations, study showsA brisk walk or a long swim may be the key to preventing a bad day at the office from spilling over into the home. A study tracked participants' sleep patterns and daytime physical movements found employees who recorded more than 10,900 steps each day were less likely to perpetuate abuse at home.
Teen vaping 'one way bridge' to future smoking among non-smokers, say researchersTeen vaping acts as a 'one way bridge' to future smoking among those who have never smoked before, and may not stop those who have smoked before from returning to it, concludes a small US study.
Engineers develop powerful millimeter-wave signal generatorYour doctor waves a hand-held scanner over your body and gets detailed, high-resolution images of your internal organs and tissues. Using the same device, the physician then sends gigabytes of data instantly to a remote server and just as rapidly receives information to make a diagnosis. Integrated circuit researchers have created a silicon microchip-based component that could make these and many
A bridge of stars connects two dwarf galaxiesThe Magellanic Clouds, the two largest satellite galaxies of the Milky Way, appear to be connected by a bridge stretching across 43,000 light years, according to astronomers. The discovery is based on the galactic stellar census being conducted by the European Space Observatory, Gaia.
Preemies in neonatal intensive care units exposed to loud noisesPreemies in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) may be exposed to noise levels higher than those deemed safe by the American Academy of Pediatrics, suggests new research. Conversely, the researchers also found that some preemies may not get enough exposure to beneficial sounds, such as language and music, that can improve early development.
Researchers study patients' genetic and susceptibility risk factors for lymphedemaGenetic variations may be one of the important factors that influence breast cancer survivors' responses to the inflammatory processes and vulnerability to lymphedema.
Beliefs about better treatment for HIV leads gay men to engage in riskier sexA survey in the US notes a consistent increase in the occurrence of condomless anal sex among men, as well as a rise in how many sex partners they have. Although antiretroviral therapies (ART) have revolutionized the treatment and prevention of HIV infections, knowing that they have ART as a back-up makes people complacent. This can lead to increased risks.
'Corrective glass' for mass spectrometry imagingResearchers have now improved mass spectrometry imaging in such a way that the distribution of molecules can also be visualized on rippled, hairy, bulgy or coarse surfaces. The source of the laser-based technique was custom-built to accommodate the topography of non-flat samples. The new tool can be used for answering ecological questions from a new perspective.
New evidence in favor of dark matter: The bars in galaxies are spinning more slowly than we thoughtA new article show that bars in galaxies are rotating much more slowly than had been inferred by previous works.
Function of olfactory receptor in the human heart identifiedResearchers have identified the function of olfactory receptors in the human heart muscle, such as are also present in the nose. One of the receptors reacts to fatty acids that occur in the blood, in patients with diabetes significantly above the normal range. If a fatty acid activates the receptor, it triggers a negative effect: the heart rate and the force of muscular contraction are reduced.
Real-time feedback helps save energy and waterThose who take long showers use a great deal of water and energy. Yet people who enjoy taking long showers do not usually realize to what extent they are damaging the environment. However, if a clever measuring system shows current consumption, this immediately leads to increased efficiency. The consumption information available on the display is incentive enough to reduce water and energy consump
Record-breaking material contracts when heatedResearchers have discovered a negative thermal expansion material that shrinks by a record-breaking amount when heated, and which could help control materials' thermal expansion. The volume of the reduced ruthenate material shrank by 6.7 percent, more than double that seen for the current record-holder, but this could not be explained by atomic changes. Microstructural effects resulting from highl
Compound from deep-water marine sponge could provide antibacterial solutions for MRSAA compound extracted from a deep-water marine sponge collected near the Bahamas is showing potent antibacterial activity against the drug resistant bacteria methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) also called the 'super bug.' Researchers have named the antibiotic compound 'dragmacidin G' and have shown that it has a broad spectrum of biological activity including inhibition of MRSA as w
Measuring time without a clockScientists have been able to measure the ultrashort time delay in electron photoemission without using a clock. The discovery has important implications for fundamental research and cutting-edge technology.
Rethink needed to save critically endangered black rhinocerosA new strategy of conservation must be adopted if the black rhinoceros is to be saved from extinction, concludes a new study.
'Goldilocks' genes that tell the tale of human evolution hold clues to variety of diseasesA relatively short list of genes are candidates for a suite of diseases including autism spectrum disorders, schizophrenia, and epilepsy.
Insights on optimal treatment of Paget's disease of boneIn a study of patients with Paget's disease of bone — a common skeletal disorder that can lead to bone deformity, fractures, osteoarthritis, and bone pain — long-term intensive bisphosphonate therapy conferred no clinical benefit over giving bisphosphonates only when patients felt bone pain.
How Thailand eliminated mother-to-child HIV transmissionThailand has become the first Asian country to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV, thanks to a pragmatic multi-sector response backed by strong political commitment and heavy government investment, a new study reports.
Host birds reject brown parasitic eggs more often the blue-green eggsHost birds reject brown parasitic eggs more often the blue-green eggs, a new study has concluded.
For youth of color, losing trust in teachers may mean losing the chance to make it to collegeIn a new set of longitudinal studies, minority youth perceived and experienced more biased treatment and lost more trust over the middle school years than their white peers. Minority students' growing lack of trust in turn predicted whether they acted out in school and even whether they made it to college years later.
One year of high-quality early education improves outcomes for low-income infants, toddlersInfants and toddlers from low-income families who attended a high-quality center-based early education program did better in language and social skills after only one year than children who do not attend the program, research shows. The program, included specific components that may contribute to the positive development of children from low-income families.
Students who enjoy or take pride in math have better long-term math achievementA study of 3,425 German students from grades 5 through 9 has found that students who enjoyed and took pride in math had even better achievement than students with higher intelligence.
Researchers discover reason for permanent vision loss after head injuryResearch has shed new light on what causes the permanent vision loss sometimes seen in the wake of a head injury, report investigators.
Study reveals how melanoma spreadsNewly identified genes and genetic pathways in primary melanoma — a type of skin cancer — could give researchers new targets for developing new personalized treatments for melanoma, and potentially other cancers. Learning how the genes are expressed (turned on or off) could be used in the future to predict how and when the cancer cells will spread to other parts of the body and how fast they wil
Flat lens opens a broad world of colorThe first flat lens that works within a continual bandwidth of colors, from blue to green, has now been developed by researchers. This bandwidth, close to that of an LED, paves the way for new applications in imaging, spectroscopy and sensing.
Researchers quantify immune cells associated with future breast cancer riskResearchers have quantified the numbers of various types of immune cells associated with the risk of developing breast cancer, outlines a new report.
Diesel trains may expose passengers to exhaustA new study finds that diesel trains may expose passengers to elevated levels of certain pollutants, especially if they are sitting directly behind the locomotive — these commuters breathe exhaust levels nine-times higher than on a busy city street.
PTSD symptoms may be prevented with ketamineResearchers have evidence that giving a small dose of ketamine one week before a psychologically traumatic event may help prevent PTSD. The study, in mice, may have implications for soldiers who are at risk for trauma and PTSD.
Fish uses sneaking behavior as stealth mating strategyA researcher found and recorded the Cuatro Ciénegas cichlid, a rare fish by the scientific name of Herichthys minckleyi, using a stealth mating strategy called sneaking to slip his DNA into the next generation.
Pioneering chip extends sensors' battery lifeA low-cost chip that enables batteries in sensors to last longer, in some cases by over ten times, has been developed by engineers.
Key friendships vital for effective human social networksClose friendships facilitate the exchange of information and culture, making social networks more effective for cultural transmission, according to new research that used wireless tracking technology to map social interactions in remote hunter-gatherer populations.
Math learned best when children moveChildren improve at math when instruction engages their own bodies, concludes a new study. The results also document that children require individualized learning strategies.
Current climate change models understate the problem, scientists argueA new study on the relationship between people and the planet shows that climate change is only one of many inter-related threats to the Earth's capacity to support human life.
Lattice of nanotraps and line narrowing in Raman gasDecreasing the emission linewidth from a molecule is one of the key aims in precision spectroscopy. One approach is based on cooling molecules to near absolute zero. An alternative way is to localize the molecules on subwavelength scale. A novel approach in this direction uses a standing wave in a gas-filled hollow fiber. It creates an array of deep, nanometer-scale traps for Raman-active molecule
Refined method offers new piece in the cancer puzzleA special spectrometry method that is normally used in analyses of computer chips, lacquers and metals has been further developed so that it can help researchers better detect harmful cells in the body.
Calcified plaque raises heart disease risk for younger adultsThe mere presence of even a small amount of calcified coronary plaque, more commonly referred to as coronary artery calcium (CAC), in people under age 50 — even small amounts — was strongly associated with increased risk of developing clinical coronary heart disease over the ensuing decade, report researchers.
Planets of red dwarf stars may face oxygen loss in habitable zonesScientists are expanding the definition of habitable zones (the area around a star where a life-sustaining planet might lurk), taking into account the effect of stellar activity that can threaten exoplanets' atmospheres with oxygen loss.
A middleweight black hole is hiding at the center of a giant star clusterAll known black holes fall into two categories: small, stellar-mass black holes weighing a few suns, and supermassive black holes weighing millions or billions of suns. Astronomers expect that intermediate-mass black holes weighing 100 — 10,000 suns also exist, but so far no conclusive proof of such middleweights has been found. Today, astronomers are announcing new evidence that an intermediate-
Designer compound may untangle damage leading to some dementiasScientists may be able to prevent and reverse some of the brain injury caused by the toxic form of a protein called tau.
Analyzing gut microbes and their byproducts essential to understanding human healthTo best understand the potential of microbes in the gut to affect human health, clinicians need to look not just at the bacteria present in fecal samples but also at metabolites like amino acids that those bacteria produce, according to a new study.
Three new uranium minerals from UtahThree new minerals recently found are secondary crusts found in old uranium mines in southern Utah. They're bright, yellow and hard to find. Meet leesite, leószilárdite and redcanyonite.
Wolfing it down: Brown bears reduce wolf kill rates says usu ecologistThe influence of predation on an ecosystem may depend on the composition of the predator community, researchers report.
Data on blue whales off California helps protect their distant relativesA research team has found a way to translate their knowledge of blue whales off California and in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean to the other side of the world, revealing those areas of the Northern Indian Ocean where whales are likely to be encountered.
Youth soccer coaches can prevent injuries with just 90-minutes of trainingProfessional preventive training programs can be expensive and difficult to implement. A new study shows that when coaches receive even a small amount of education about preventive training, they can be as effective as professional athletic trainers at mitigating poor movement behavior and preventing injury in young soccer athletes.
Large groups of photons on demand: An equivalent of photonic 'integrated circuit'Holographic atomic memory is the first device able to generate single photons on demand in groups of several dozen or more. The device, successfully demonstrated in practice, overcomes one of the fundamental obstacles towards the construction of some type of quantum computer.
Hidden lakes drain below West Antarctica's Thwaites GlacierDrainage of four interconnected lakes below Thwaites Glacier in late 2013 caused only a 10 percent increase in the glacier's speed. The glacier's recent speedup is therefore not due to changes in meltwater flow along its underside.
Method to identify bacteria in blood samples works in hours instead of daysA desktop diagnosis tool has been developed that detects the presence of harmful bacteria in a blood sample in a matter of hours instead of days. The breakthrough was made possible by a combination of proprietary chemistry, innovative electrical engineering and high-end imaging and analysis techniques powered by machine learning.
Grow, mow, mulch: Finding lawn's valueCan grassy lawns affect carbon and nitrogen in the soil? Researchers found grass species and mowing habits can make a difference.
Versatile 2-dimensional material grown in labResearchers report that they are the first to grow a 2-D material with the ability to have many different properties.
Splitfin flashlight fish uses bioluminescent light to illuminate planktonThe flashlight fish uses bioluminescent light to detect and feed on its planktonic prey, according to a new study.
Snow leopard and Himalayan wolf diets are about one-quarter livestockAround a quarter of Himalayan snow leopard and wolf diets are livestock, the rest being wild prey, according to a new study.
First nuclear explosion helps test theory of moon's formationRadioactive glass found blanketing the ground after the first nuclear test bomb explosion is being used by scientists to test theories about the Moon’s formation some 4.5 billion years ago.
Poor and less educated suffer the most from chronic painPoorer and less-educated older Americans are more like to suffer from chronic pain than those with greater wealth and more education, but the disparity between the two groups is much greater than previously thought, according to new research.
Why the ocean has absorbed more carbon over the past decadeWith the ocean absorbing more carbon dioxide over the past decade, less of the greenhouse gas is reaching the Earth's atmosphere. That's decidedly good news, but it comes with a catch: Rising levels of carbon dioxide in the ocean promote acidification, which breaks down the calcium carbonate shells of some marine organisms.
Breathing new life into 'Great Oxidation Event'Scientists are providing fresh insights into the 'Great Oxidation Event' (GOE), in which oxygen first appeared in the Earth's atmosphere more than 2.3 billion years ago.
Better scaffolds help scientists study cancerThree-dimensional printed scaffolds with varying pore sizes help scientists see how bone cancer tumors are prone to spread in a realistic environment.
Older adults who exercise regularly may lower chances for severe mobility problemsA team of researchers theorized that exercise might also help adults prevent or delay disabilities that interfere with independent living.
Anti-cell death agent a potential treatment for vision loss associated with MSA new therapeutic agent tested in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS) produced anti-inflammatory activity and prevented loss of cells in the optic nerve, according to a new study.
Army Corps Approves Controversial Dakota PipelineThe decision could enable the $3.8 billion pipeline to begin operation as soon as June — on ScientificAmerican.com
Dirty Doctors Finished What an Assassin's Bullet StartedDisregarding new scientific information can be deadly — on ScientificAmerican.com
Energy Costs at Record LowsThe findings counter claims by some, including in the Trump administration, that the adoption of wind, solar and other forms of renewable energy are driving up U.S. energy costs — on ScientificAmerican.com
Florida Has Seen Bad Effects from Trump-Like Climate Gag OrdersThe state, and North Carolina, had trouble planning for damaging erosion after orders similar to White House moves — on ScientificAmerican.com
House Science Committee May Soon Try to Weaken the EPAPanel will likely push reforms that many fear will meddle with the scientific process — on ScientificAmerican.com
Republicans Offer to Tax Carbon EmissionsBut would a price of $40 per ton hold back climate change as much as Obama policies would have? — on ScientificAmerican.com
World's First Atomic Blast Tests Theories of Moon's FormationRadioactive glass from the Trinity nuclear test site resembles ancient moon rocks — on ScientificAmerican.com
Gulf Dead Zone Makes for Shrimpier ShrimpThe low-oxygen waters of the dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico result in smaller shrimp, and a spike in large shrimp prices. Christopher Intagliata reports. — on ScientificAmerican.com
This Bra Offers Emergency SupportIg Nobel Prize creator Marc Abrahams shows off this unusual disaster-preparedness device before a night discussing humor and science at the 92nd Street Y. — on ScientificAmerican.com
Surging Demand for Mental Health Care Jams College ServicesStudents may wait weeks for a basic consultation; sometimes even longer to see a psychiatrist — on ScientificAmerican.com
How Much Damage Could Scott Pruitt Really Do at EPA?Donald Trump’s choice for EPA director would put at risk the nation’s ability to meet its Paris climate commitments.
Likely New EPA Head Will Imperil Climate GoalsScott Pruitt’s confirmation as EPA director would put at risk the nation’s ability to meet its Paris climate commitments.
The Download, Feb 8, 2017: Tesla’s Big Battery Spend, Feature Phones Are Back, and Pruitt’s EPAThe most fascinating and important news in technology and innovation delivered straight to your inbox, every day.
Rethink’s Sawyer Robot Just Got a Whole Lot SmarterThe company that makes robots meant to collaborate with people has just added a slew of features in a big software upgrade.
Oculus Closes Many In-Store Demo Stations as VR Headsets Prove a Hard SellFacebook says it will continue to invest in virtual reality technology despite evidence it’s not catching on with many consumers.
Android Wear 2.0 Has Landed—Here Are All the New FeaturesWith Wear 2.0, Google is sharpening its vision for wrist-worn wearables.
Beware: Most Mobile VPNs Aren’t as Safe as They SeemRecent research suggests that many VPNs for Android have privacy and security flaws, and the problem of choosing a reliable VPN goes even further.
Bill Nye Saves the World, the Anti-Anti-Science Show, Hits Netflix in AprilWatch the first trailer here.
Intel’s ‘New’ Factory Isn’t About Trump—It’s About Fixing IntelThe seemingly resurrected plant isn't about making America great again. It's about making chips for a post-PC world.
More Money, More Problems for the Commercial Space Launch BizSpaceX's mishaps and ULA's layoffs signal that the commercial launch market is getting way more competitive.
The Oddly Fascinating, Fantastical History of EyeglassesOverview , an exhibit currently up at the Design Museum Holon in Israel, charts eyewear's evolution.
Tech Still Doesn’t Get Diversity. Here’s How to Fix ItOpinion: By failing to hire more women and people of color, tech companies do themselves—and their shareholders—a disservice.
Silicon Valley Finally Gets Real About Troll ControlAnother week, another plan by Twitter to combat abuse. But this time feels a little different.
Let’s Use Physics to Model the Gaps in Saturn’s RingsWhen a planet has a ring system, you will often see gaps in the rings. Can these ring gaps be modeled numerically?
The US Needs Real Data to Confront Bias in Police ShootingsResearchers learned police were twice as likely to fatally shoot unarmed black civilians. Those findings are terrible—and too hard to come by.
Erik Jorgensen (U. Utah / HHMI) 1: Synaptic transmissionhttps://www.ibiology.org/ibioseminars/synaptic-transmission.html Part 1: Synaptic Transmission: Jorgensen describes the historic experiments in electrophysiology and microscopy that led to our current understanding of synaptic transmission. Part 2: Recycling Synaptic Vesicles: Ultrafast Endocytosis: Two mechanisms exist for recycling synaptic vesicles: clathrin-mediated and ultrafast endocytosis.
Erik Jorgensen (U. Utah / HHMI) 2: Recycling synaptic vesicles: Ultrafast endocytosishttps://www.ibiology.org/ibioseminars/recycling-synaptic-vesicles-ultrafast-endocytosis.html Part 1: Synaptic Transmission: Jorgensen describes the historic experiments in electrophysiology and microscopy that led to our current understanding of synaptic transmission. Part 2: Recycling Synaptic Vesicles: Ultrafast Endocytosis: Two mechanisms exist for recycling synaptic vesicles: clathrin-mediate
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